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Reflection on the Program Learning Outcomes

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Nursing is a profession that involves caring and as a nurse, respecting human dignity is a core value that any nursing practitioner or student needs to adhere to closely. The main consequence of this regard is advocacy, and this demands that nurses should harmonize the knowledge of understanding healthcare from patient's point of view and various socio-cultural factors to influence their decision-making. The only way to make this possible is by using a professional development plan and program learning outcomes. A professional development plan is a written plan containing outline the career goals that an individual seeks to achieve and the steps that he or she needs to take to reach these aims. Program learning outcomes, on the other hand, are statements that illustrate what a learner needs to know and have the capability of doing once they graduate from a given program. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to assess how professional development plan and program learning outcomes affect the different roles within healthcare taken by heath professional to enhance patient care.

Reflection and Discussion

Team collaboration amongst different multidisciplinary is vital in today's health systems, and the delivery process is characterized by professionals who have various levels of training and education. It is because of this that leadership management is critical in health care organizations. Active teams deliver quality patient care, and for a team to be efficient, the teams will need effective leadership. It is important today to create leaders who will encourage nurses and staff to work together to achieve the goals of the healthcare system (Al-Sawai, 2013), and this will mean that the role of the leader is to not only lead but set a good example. He or she must possess the mentality of bringing various multidisciplinary together to work with each other.

Research and evidence-based practice are a crucial part of nursing practice today because through these that patient outcome significantly improves. Commonly known as a problem-solving approach in nursing that integrates careful utilization of current based practice from patient values and preferences (Black et al., 2015), evidence-based practice calls for practitioners to have depth knowledge and training on how to use patient-based information in improving the quality of care. It is thus important to train healthcare professionals on how to incorporate their knowledge and understanding to gather information that will enhance patient care.

In nursing research, it is taught how evidence-based nursing practice can be used to encourage healthcare professionals to make clinical decisions based on their day-to-day practice. Research carried out should entail a process that maximizes on the gathering of information that will be used later to expand the knowledge of patient care and prioritizing diagnoses. Therefore, by having knowledge of the research that is in question, nurses can approach diagnoses boldly and have faith in the outcomes. For example, a poor patient outcome should offer enough evidence in diagnosing a problem and administer change.

There is a need to transition from the sick care system that is abundantly used today to an authentic and quality health care system. To understand this better, one needs to have knowledge of universal health coverage that states every individual and communities should have access to promotive, preventive, palliative, rehabilitative and curative health care services and that at the same time do not pose a financial hardship (Hacker & Walker, 2013). Nurses, thus, need to have the ability to transform the existing framework into one that promotes access to safe patient care. The system should be patient-centred filled with staffs that are well trained and motivated to attend to the needs of the patients. The new health care system should be robust, efficient and well supported financially.

The professional development plan and program learning outcomes should explore the different opportunities that are helpful in improving chronic conditions related to challenges that individuals and families face in the community such as poverty and other forms of social determinants. It is because certain disabilities put people at risk of attracting chronic illnesses (Fox & Reichard, 2013). The designed interventions should aim at improving knowledge of nurses on how they can promote nursing care within the society.

Quality patient care and efficient system need professionals who practice accountability and responsibility, and this mainly affects communication within health care organizations. This reduces chances of medical errors that threatens patient care and is the third leading cause of death in the United States, after cancer and heart-related ailments. Developing nursing practice should help the nurses to think critically in their practice, as well as enhancing the patient care.

In integrating professional values and role behaviors, the most vital message is about different leadership theories and their impact on the efficiency of a health care organization. Additionally, nurses are required to be professional in their practice, but this does not mean that they need to overlook their role behaviors. Communication skills are some of the essentials in integrating professional value and role behaviors as they improve understanding of patient care. Nurses need to have positive body language when interacting with the patients.

In public health nursing, learning about the problems affecting health expands the knowledge of nurses concerning contagious illnesses, social challenges and even chronic disease and how they can be managed. Disease prevention and management increase assessment, administering and prioritizing of risk factors affect health outcomes negatively. Some of these are because of medical errors while some are caused by health behaviors.

A global citizen is the one who cares for everyone equally regardless of his or her cultural background, in a manner that is culturally sensitive and safe while addressing health inequities (Asenso et al., 2013). Public health nursing increases the awareness of global health issues and the planned interventions that are crucial to improving patient care. Nurses need to have knowledge of the existing social injustices through education and experience to understand the arising patients' issues and how to cater to the varying requirements of the patients efficiently.

Through public health nursing, nurses are taught how to promote health both within the organization and in the community as a whole. Nurses play a vital role in advancing health policies and legislation in various ways, and because of this, they need to be involved together to enhance patient care and lobbying for health policies. Such an act can be done by advocating in addition to consulting branches of legislation on how they can create policies that ensure patient safety in the organization and the community.


Nursing is a sensitive practice that demands attention, and because of this, in the education and training process, nurses are to be equipped with knowledge that will promote safe and quality patient care. Nurses need to possess leadership qualities, and this will improve teamwork and effective communication within the practice. By integrating this quality in their practice, nurses will have the capability to transform their system to be patient-centred and globalized, and this will help them in understand the existing policies and how to tune them for patient care. Besides, programs should teach nurses how to practice accountability and responsibility to mitigate medical errors within the practice. Therefore, a professional development plan should have knowledge in depth that aligned to the demands of program learning outcomes that will shape nurses into responsible individuals capable of meeting the increasing demands of patient care.

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