The hospital setting presents a wide range of potential complications that may affect the patient, especially after procedures, surgeries, and birth. The patient is not only susceptible to hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) but is also at risk of injuries and slow healing due to mechanical and other environmental factors such as coming into contact with objects or people (Jones & Macintyre, 2014). The patient safety may further be compromised by internal factors such as the proper or improper functioning of the airwaves, breathing, blood circulation and disability due to the condition of the illness. The present paper discusses the importance of patient safety quality indicator (QI) in a nursing career.
Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs)
According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the patient safety QI presents a set of information that shows potential for adverse effects or hospital complications on the recovering patient (Gray et al., 2016). The QI, therefore, acts as a tool for assessing the environment as well as offering guidelines for decision-making in specific instances of risk factors to the patient. The hospital is also provided with a framework to identify possible adverse instances that may need further study.
Patient Safety is a Key Pillar of Quality Nursing Practice
One of the main objectives of patient-centered care is to ensure that the patient is safe from all possible risk factors that may compromise the recovery or the curing process. PSIs help to measure the factors that may contribute to adversity in the patient care (Gray et al., 2016). PSI can, therefore, aid in improving the quality, safety, and outcomes of the patients and their families by providing a tool that can be used to predict and prevent the potential health events that may arise in a particular case.
One of the ways in which PSIs assist in ensuring quality includes the established guidelines for reporting the possible events of adversity (Jones & Macintyre, 2014). The necessity and use of the PSIs can also be noted in the routine reporting of the patient’s characteristics such as smoking status, age and so on. Routine reporting enables the creation of a data-rich hospital environment in which decision-making processes are based on evidence and not impulses. The PSIs are also seen as the basis for constructing a clinical database that is used to improve the care process.
It can further be noted that it is essential to list all the patient safety indicators relating to a particular procedure or a medical process (Jones & Macintyre, 2014). Included in the list should be specific details how each of the indicators has the potential of endangering the lives of the patients, visitors and their family. There should be a display of the possible risk factors on the wall of a surgery hall for instance so that the patients and all other stakeholders get to understand the implication of a particular action at any given time.
In retrospect, it can be noted that the data available on PSIs indicate that hospitals around the globe are incorporating the PSIs for ensuring quality in the nursing practice. It is further worth noting that most nursing curricula are made to emphasize the necessity of patient-centered care in which patient safety is one of the major goals (Gray et al., 2016). The leadership goal for improvement is noted in the efforts of the regulatory bodies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and AHRQ in regular updating of the various guidelines.