Psychology- The Study of Behavior and Mental Processes

Total Word Count: 438
   Send article as PDF   

Clinical Psychologists

A psychologist who diagnoses and treats people with emotional disturbances

Developmental Psychologists

A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span

Experimental Psychologists

the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method

Counseling Psychologists

A psychologist who usually helps people deal with problems of living

Personality Psychologists

the study of an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting

Consumer Psychologists

Study why people buy certain products and not others

School Psychologists

help and support students and their ability to learn

Social Psychologists

Study how the presence of others can effect one individuals behavioral thoughts

Forensic Psychologists

* focuses on the relationship between the laws and psychology * applies psychological concepts to legal issues

Educational Psychologists

the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning

Psychology

the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

Behavior

observable and measurable actions of people and animals

Introspection

an examination of one’s own thoughts and feelings

Behaviorism

the school of psychology, founded by John Watson, that defines psychology as the scientific study of observable behavior

Structuralism

the school of psychology, founded by Wilhelm Wundt, that maintains the conscious experience breaks down into objective sensations and subjective feelings

Reinforcement

a stimulus or event that follows a response and increases the frequency of that response

Functionalism

the school of psychology, founded by William James, that emphasizes the purposes of behavior and mental processes

Psychoanalysis

the school of psychology, founded by Sigmund Freud, that emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives, and conflicts as determinants of human behavior

Cognitive Activity

private, unobservable mental processes such as sensation, perception, thought, and problem solving

Survey

a research technique for acquiring data about the attitudes or behaviors of a group of people, usually by asking questions of a representative, random sample

Biological Perspective

the psychological perspective that emphasizes the influence of biology on behavior

Psychoanalytic Perspective

the perspective that stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behavior

Evolutionary Perspective

the theory focusing on the evolution of behavior and mental processes

Learning Perspective

the psychological point of view that emphasizes the effects of experience on behavior

Cognitive Perspective

the viewpoint that emphasizes the role of thought processes in determining behavior

Socio-cultural Perspective

in psychology, the perspective that focuses on the roles of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status in personality formation, behavior, and mental processes

Humanistic Perspective

the psychological view that assumes the existence of the self and emphasizes the importance of self-awareness and the freedom to make choices

Theory

a set of assumptions about why something is the way it is and happens the way it does

Scroll to Top