Psychology Quiz 9

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What does the term "menarche" refer to?
a. ovulation of the first egg
b. the years prior to puberty
c. the growth of the uterus and vagina
d. a girl’s first menstrual period

d. a girl’s first menstrual period

Early-maturing girls
a. tend to be less depressed than late-maturing girls.
b. tend to be more popular than late-maturing girls.
c. have a healthy body image.
d. tend to have lower self-esteem than late-maturing girls.

d. tend to have lower self-esteem than late-maturing girls

Secondary sex characteristics are bodily features that
a. directly affect fertility.
b. do not directly affect fertility.
c. are strictly involved in reproduction.
d. None of the above are correct.

b. do not directly affect fertility.

A person’s idea of how his or her body looks is called
a. mirror image.
b. body image.
c. image perception.
d. body perception.

b. body image

In what way does stress affect puberty?
a. Stress regulates menstruation.
b. Stress encourages reproduction.
c. Stress increases the hormones that start puberty.
d. Stress decreases the hormones that start puberty.

c. Stress increases the hormones that start puberty

Teens are likely to experiment with drugs and have unprotected sex because of
a. the imaginary audience.
b. the personal fable.
c. the invincibility fable.
d. adolescent aggression.

c. the invincibility fable

At adolescence, the gonads increase the production of sex hormones: ___________ in girls and __________ in boys.
a. androgens; testosterones
b. androgens; estrogens
c. testosterones; estradiol
d. estradiol; testosterone

d. estradiol; testosterone

Hypothetical thought
a. may complicate reflection about serious issues.
b. changes perceptions for the better.
c. does not facilitate school success.
d. causes adolescents to be judgmental.

a. may complicate reflection about serious issues

In what way does weight affect puberty?
a. Body fat delays puberty.
b. Excess weight results in earlier puberty.
c. Weight has been shown to have no effect on puberty.
d. Stocky individuals begin puberty later than thinner ones.

b. Excess weight results in earlier puberty

What is adolescent egocentrism?
a. when young people focus on themselves to the exclusion of others
b. young people’s belief that they cannot be harmed by anything
c. the ability for young people to engage in more systematic thinking
d. an adolescent’s belief that he or she is better than everyone else

a. when young people focus on themselves to the exclusion of others

Which of the following statements about hypothetical-deductive thought is true?
a. Hypothetical-deductive thought is seen only after thinking has advanced beyond egocentrism.
b. Hypothetical-deductive thought allows one to consider propositions that may or may not reflect reality.
c. A hallmark of hypothetical-deductive thought is the ability to think of what is not present.
d. A hallmark of hypothetical-deductive thought is the ability to engage in inductive reasoning.

b. Hypothetical-deductive thought allows one to consider propositions that may or may not reflect reality.

The thought process that involves using one or more specific experiences or facts to reach a general conclusion is called
a. inductive reasoning.
b. deductive reasoning.
c. experiential mentation.
d. factual synthesis.

a. inductive reasoning.

What are some ways of encouraging adolescents to engage in their education?
a. Keep high schools small.
b. Encourage extracurricular activities.
c. Change the schedule and cluster students.
d. All of these answers are correct.

d. All of these answers are correct

Why do emotions rule behavior for many teens?
a. They are likely going through puberty.
b. The amygdala matures before the prefrontal cortex does.
c. The complexities of emotional restraint are beyond most teenagers.
d. All of these answers are correct.

d. All of these answers are correct.

Which of the following is among the body changes in adolescence that increase physical endurance?
a. The heart doubles in size.
b. Breathing is more rapid.
c. The total volume of blood decreases.
d. Blood pressure decreases.

a. The heart doubles in size.

For every child, puberty begins with a _____, which is an uneven jump in the size of almost every body part.
a. hormone excess
b. growth spurt
c. gain in weight
d. gain in height

b. growth spurt

The "low ebb" of learning occurs in
a. middle school.
b. high school.
c. the higher-education years.
d. modern primary education.

a. middle school.

Julie is obsessed with how others will react to her behavior and appearance. It takes her several hours to dress in the morning as she considers what both her friends and enemies will think of her. Julie’s behavior reflects the power of
a. adolescent perfection.
b. the invincibility fable.
c. the imaginary audience.
d. formal operational thought.

c. the imaginary audience.

Since the U.S. trend toward more high-stakes testing began,
a. other nations have followed.
b. other nations have moved away from relying on high-stakes testing.
c. girls have earned the highest test scores.
d. girls have earned the lowest test scores.

b. other nations have moved away from relying on high-stakes testing

Which of the following statements about teenagers’ brain growth is true?
a. The limbic system matures before the prefrontal cortex does.
b. The prefrontal cortex matures before the limbic system does.
c. Maturation of the cortex depends more on hormones than on age.
d. The reflective areas of the brain develop before the emotional areas do.

a. The limbic system matures before the prefrontal cortex does

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