psychology midterm ch 4 pt 2

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Louisa has just drifted off to sleep on the sofa, and is almost immediately awakened by her mother, who urges her to go to bed. Louisa insists that she was not sleeping, but is now terrified by the ghost that she is sure she has seen. Louisa is probably experiencing a(n):
hypnogogic hallucination.
hypnic jerk.
hypnopompic illusion.
nightmare.

hypnogogic hallucination.

When amphetamines are abused, the resulting effects may include ________.
loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, and vomiting
increased appetite, sleepiness, and euphoria
heart disease, high blood pressure, impaired circulation, and erectile problems in men
restlessness, insomnia, muscle tension, heartbeat irregularities, and high blood pressure

loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, and vomiting

The idea of a "hidden observer" part of the mind was suggested by ________.
Freud
Watson
Hilgard
Kirsch

Hilgard

Psychoactive drugs are ________.
drugs that speed up activity in the central nervous system
drugs capable of influencing thinking, perception, and memory
drugs that slow down activity in the central nervous system
drugs derived from the opium poppy that relieve pain and produce euphoria

drugs capable of influencing thinking, perception, and memory

The two most important symptoms of substance dependence are:
tolerance and failing to attend important occasions due substance use.
withdrawal and substance abuse.
tolerance and withdrawal.
intolerance of most anything and withdrawal.

tolerance and withdrawal

You are listening to a person who keeps telling you to relax, attempting to create a situation in which you are likely to follow suggestions. What treatment are you undergoing?
psychotherapy
reprogramming
autosuggestion
hypnosis

hypnosis

Benzedrine, methedrine, and dexedrine are all ________.
narcotics
depressants
illegal
amphetamines

amphetamines

Caffeine is a ________.
stimulant
depressant
narcotic
psychogenic drug

stimulant

The key to hypnotic induction seems to be related to ________.
the gender of the person doing the hypnotizing
education
state of suggestibility
time of day

state of suggestibility

The social-cognitive theory of hypnosis suggests that ________.
hypnosis increases dopamine levels in the body
people are merely playing a role
hypnotized individuals dissociate the conscious mind into an "immediate" part and a "hidden observer" part
hypnosis results in an altered state of consciousness that alters brain waves in regions of the brain

people are merely playing a role

Selma notices that as her supply of marijuana decreases, she starts thinking more and more about where she can get another supply as well as feeling nervous and anxious. This is an example of ________.
withdrawal
tolerance
physiological dependence
psychological dependence

psychological dependence

Upon just waking up, you report a vivid visual event. What term do psychologists use for such phenomena?
hypnotic illusion
positive hallucination
hypnagogic hallucination
hypnopompic image

hypnopompic image

After taking a drug for several years, Bruce decides to quit taking it. He begins to experience a variety of physical symptoms, psychological symptoms such as irritability, and a strong craving for the substance. What term is used to describe what Bruce is experiencing?
tolerance
physical dependence
withdrawal
drug intoxication

withdrawal

What is the primary difference between a hypnogogic and hypnopompic hallucination?
Hypnogogic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.
Hypnogogic hallucinations occur in REM sleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur in NREM sleep.
Hypnogogic hallucinations occur in NREM sleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur in REM sleep.
Hypnopompic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnogogic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.

Hypnogogic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.

Drugs that speed up the functioning of the nervous system are called ________.
stimulants
depressants
narcotics
psychogenics

stimulants

Which of the following statements is correct concerning hypnosis?
The hypnotist is always in control.
A hypnotized person is in an involuntary condition of suggestion.
People will do things they would not ordinarily do when under hypnosis.
A person who is under hypnosis is really in control of his or her behavior.

?

One major danger of barbiturates is ________.
overstimulation
hyperactivity
drug interaction
sleepwalking

drug interaction

Which statement is correct concerning marijuana?
There is evidence that marijuana is physically addictive.
There is evidence that marijuana is psychologically addictive.
There is evidence that marijuana causes cancer.
Marijuana usage can lead to psychological dependence.

Marijuana usage can lead to psychological dependence.

Nicotine is a ________.
stimulant
depressant
narcotic
psychogenic drug

stimulant

How does Ernest Hilgard explain pain reduction through hypnosis?
Hypnosis increases dopamine levels in the body.
People merely play the role of the hypnotized person and attempt to ignore the pain.
Hypnotized individuals dissociate the experience, so part of the mind is unaware of the pain.
Hypnosis results in an altered state of consciousness that alters brain waves in regions of the brain responsible for the perception of pain.

Hypnotized individuals dissociate the experience, so part of the mind is unaware of the pain.

Morphine and heroin duplicate the action of ________.
endorphins
alcohol
cigarettes
LSD

endorphins

Russell needs more of the drug he has been using to get the normal high he got when he first started. Russell is experiencing ________.
drug tolerance
drug detoxification
withdrawal
overdrawal

drug tolerance

Drugs derived from opium are called ________.
stimulants
depressants
narcotics
psychogenics

narcotics

LSD is similar to which of the following drugs?
MDMA
methadone
PCP
CHT

PCP

Which of the following neurotransmitters are associated with alcohol?
GABA
acetylcholine
endorphins
adrenaline

GABA

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