psychology midterm ch 4 pt 1

Total Word Count: 750
   Send article as PDF   

________ is a disorder in which breathing briefly stops during sleep, causing the person to choke, gasp, and momentarily awaken.
Sleep apnea
Insomnia
Narcolepsy
Non-REM sleep

sleep apnea

Periods of REM sleep alternate with periods of non-REM sleep in a cycle that recurs about every ________ minutes or so.
30
90
150
210

90

Which of these individuals has the highest risk of sleep apnea?
John, 62 years old, who is overweight
Angela, 21 years old, who is depressed
Alicia, 42 years old, who is suffering from anorexia
Juan, 8 years old, who is experiencing episodes of enuresis

John, 62 years old, who is overweight

The hypothalamus controls the ________.
hypnotic suggestibility ratio
sleep-wake cycle
frequency of nightmares
growth hormones that occur during sleep

sleep-wake cycle?

You are watching sleep researchers monitor the sleep of a normal adult. The participant is hooked up to an EEG. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?
alpha eventually replaced by theta
delta eventually replaced by theta
beta eventually replaced by alpha
delta eventually replaced by beta

alpha eventually replaced by theta

The stage of sleep in which delta waves begin to appear is ________ sleep.
Stage 1 (N1)
Stage 2 (N2)
Stage 3 (N3)
Stage 4 (N4)

Stage 3

If you are awakened from sleep and you feel as though you had not even been asleep, then you were most likely in which stage of sleep?
Stage 1 (N1)
Stage 2 (N2)
Stage 3 (N3)
slow wave sleep

Stage 1 (N1)

CPAP stands for ________.
continuous positive airway pressure
cancer prevention application procedure
controlled pulmonary air pump
correctable pointed airflow problem

continuous positive airway pressure

A sleep disorder characterized by difficulty in falling asleep or remaining asleep throughout the night is ________.
zombulism
cataplexy
narcolepsy
insomnia

insomnia

Our sleep-wake cycle follows a(n) ________rhythm.
infradian
diurnal
circadian
ultradian

circadian

Which device would a sleep researcher use to monitor a sleeping person’s brain waves?
electromyograph (EMG)
electrocardiograph (EKG)
electro-oculograph (EOG)
electroencephalograph (EEG)

electroencephalograph (EEG)

Melatonin is a ________.
hormone
sleeping pill
depressant
stimulant

hormone

What do we call a state of consciousness that can result from the use of alcohol, drugs, or hypnosis?
daydreaming
meditative absorption
stream of consciousness
altered state of consciousness

altered state of consciousness

Jim is 56 years old and slightly overweight. His wife reports that he snores loudly. What sleep disorder seems to fit Jim’s symptoms?
narcolepsy
sleep apnea
sleep terror
REM sleep behavior

sleep apnea

You are telling a joke to your friend who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known as ________.
enuresis
narcolepsy
sleep terror
daytime insomnia

narcolepsy

REM sleep refers to ________.
dreamless sleep
sleep induced by sleeping pills
sleep periods in which sleepwalking is likely
sleep periods in which a person’s eyes move rapidly

sleep periods in which a person’s eyes move rapidly

A biological cycle, or rhythm, that is approximately 24 hours long is called a(n) ________ cycle.
infradian
circadian
diurnal
ultradian

circadian

What term do sleep researchers use to designate stages 1-4 of sleep?
REM sleep
non-REM sleep
REMN sleep
paradoxical sleep

non-REM sleep

Which of the following individuals is most likely to sleepwalk?
a 10-year-old child
a 24-year-old adult
a 44-year-old adult
a 74-year-old adult

a 10-year-old child

Which of the following statements accurately reflects the relationship of the total amount of sleep that an individual receives as a function of age?
We require more sleep as we age.
As we age, we tend to get less sleep.
We require much sleep during infancy and early childhood, less sleep in adolescence and early adulthood, and then more sleep in middle and older age.
The amount of sleep we require solely depends on individual difference variables.

As we age, we tend to get less sleep.

Which of the following can be an emotional symptom of sleep deprivation?
hyperactivity
cheerfulness
depression
nausea

depression

The deepest stage of sleep is ________ sleep.
Stage 1 (N1)
Stage 2 (N2)
Stage 3 (N3)
Stage 4 (N4)

stage 4

________, a hormone involved in the regulation of circadian rhythms, is secreted by the pineal gland.
Serotonin
Testosterone
Estrogen
Melatonin

Melatonin

To treat your sleep problem, you are told that you should not nap, you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day, and you should get out of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing?
enuresis
narcolepsy
insomnia
REM sleep behavior disorder

insomnia

Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of ________.
self-awareness
self-absorption
waking consciousness
altered states of consciousness

altered states of consciousness

Scroll to Top