psychology chap 1

Total Word Count: 1083
   Send article as PDF   

scientific study of behavior and mental process

psychology is defined as the: intuition-based approach to study human behavior speculative method to find answers about human cognition study of mental disorders and their treatment scientific study of behavior and mental process

behavior and mental processes

Akira has declared psychology as his major. He will be studying internal medicine behavior and mental process mental disorders and their diagnosis and treatment the disorders of the central nervous system

psychologist disagree on how broad psychology should really be

A single-sentence definition of psychology may be misleading because: it is very difficult to study the mind and behavior scientifically psychology is a narrower, more specific field than a general definition might suggest psychologist disagree on how broad psychology should really be the discipline of psychology really has no core or center

rely on the scientific method

In order to study mind and behavior, psychologists: rely on the scientific method use their intuition rely on the study of internal medicine use speculation

they ultimately share a common goal

in what way are the diverse sub-fields of psychology related they allow psychologists to explain different types of behavior in the same way they ultimately share a common goal they always lead to an M.D. degree they are not related at all, other than being considered part of psychology

cognitive psychology is part of experimental psychology

how are cognitive and experimental psychology related? they are the same they are two completely distinct subfields of psychology cognitive psychology is part of experimental psychology experimental psychology is part of cognitive psychology

cognitive

__________ psychology focuses on higher mental processes, including thinking, memory, reasoning, problem solving, judging, decision making, and language developmental personality clinical cognitive

studies how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death

developmental psychology is focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustments problems studies how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death focuses on higher mental processes, including thinking, memory, reasoning, problem solving, judging, decision making, and language deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders

focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustment problems

personality psychology is: focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustments problems studies how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death focuses on higher mental processes, including thinking, memory, reasoning, problem solving, judging, decision making, and language deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders

colleges

counseling psychologists are more likely than clinical psychologists to practice in: hospitals laboratories offices colleges

social

Dr. Growe is reading about a research in which psychologists investigated the effect of group size on the conformity of group members. Dr. Growe is most likely reading the Journal of _______________ psychology developmental social counseling evolutionary

is the study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others

Social psychology is: focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustments problems deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders investigates the similarities and differences in psychological functioning in and across various cultures and ethnic groups is the study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others

social

____________ psychologists concentrate on diverse topics such as human aggression, liking and loving, persuasion, and conformity counseling social evolutionary clinical

the focuse on the origin of psychological disorders in biological factors

Clinical neuropsychology is: focuses primarily on educational, social, and career adjustments problems considers how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance from our ancestors seeks to understand how we might inherit certain behavioral traits focuses on the origin of psychological disorders in biological factors

300,000

approximately how many psychologists are there in the US? 50,000 100,000 300,00 600,000

three-fourth

currently, women earn _________ of new psychology doctorate degrees in the US one-tenth half three-fourth ninety percent

6%

Which figure best approximates percentage of American psychologists who belong to racial minority groups 6% 15% 25% 32%

join the workforce

Kristen is a psychology major. Immediately following graduation, she will most likely join the work force feel that her job is unrelated to her psychology background continue to graduate school remain unemployed

think critically

psychology majors are highly valued by employers because they can strategize effectively think critically help others work with their personal problems communicate effectively with their co-workers

social services

the most common emolument sector for students graduating with a bachelor’s degree in psychology is: education business local government social services

Wundt

the formal beginning of psychology is associated with: Wundt James Descartes Ebbinghaus

blank slate

the phrase tabula rasa may be translated as: red tablet raised tablet new tablet blank slate

structuralism

Gestalt psychology may be seen as a reaction to the psychodynamic perspective humanism funcionalism structuralism

Gestalt psychology

which approaches to psychology might have been most likely to remind the audience that "the whole is different than the sum of the parts" phernology functionalism structuralism Gestalt psychology

perception

the Gestalt psychologists made substantial contribution to our understanding of: memory perception emotion motivation

neuroscience

the approach that views behavior from the perspective of the brain, the nervous system, and the other biological functions is known as the _______________ perspective psychodynamic nature-nurture cognitive neuroscience

considers how people and nonhumans function biologically

The neuroscience perspective suggests that all individuals naturally strive to grow, develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior focuses on how people think, understand, and know about the world considers how people and nonhumans function biologically argues that behavior is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which we have little awareness or control

Skinner

which psychologist is associated with the behavioral perspective? Rogers Skinner Maslow Hollingworth

cognitive

the computer metaphor is at the heart of the __________ perspective cognitive neuroscience behavioral humanistic

free will

the emphasis of the humanistic perspective is on free will envirmental determinism natural selection unconscious motives

determinism

free will stands in contrast to: naturism unconscious motives determinism natural selection

humanistic

Dr. Petrovic tries to help his client see how their behavior reflects choices they have made. He is most likely a _______________ therapist psychodynamic clinical neuroscience humanistic gestalt

identifying questions of interest

What is the first step in the scientific method? formulating an explanation identifying questions on interest communicating the findings carrying out research designed to support or refute the explaination

communicating the findings

what is the final step in the scientific method? formulating an explanation identifying questions on interest communicating the findings carrying out research designed to support or refute the explaination

theories

_________________ are broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interest. theories hypotheses operational definitions suppositions

Scroll to Top