Psychology Ch. 16

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The group of drugs known as SSRIs work primarily by interfering with the reabsorption of _____ in the brain.

serotonin

Which of the following individuals would be benefitted from aversive conditioning?

Jordan, who has a habit of overeating

In the context of family therapy, getting the family to acknowledge that the problem is a family problem and not just the problem of one individual is known as _____.

reframing

Which of the following is a part of the process of systematic desensitization?

Relaxation exercises

Which of the following indicates the view of a humanistic therapist regarding the cause of psychological problems?

They occur as a result of client’s functioning below the optimal level.

Psychoanalysts attempt to analyze a client’s problems by:

bringing the client’s unconscious thoughts to consciousness.

Which of the following class of drugs is used to treat agoraphobia?

Tricyclic drugs

The main goal of psychoanalysis is to:

provide clients with insight into their unconscious conflicts.

Which of the following is a primary goal of psychodynamic therapists?

To help clients resolve unconscious conflicts and gain insight

Which of the following is a primary goal of behavioral therapists?

To amend maladaptive actions

Which of the following is an element recognized by Carl Rogers as one that is essential for human growth?

Genuineness

Which of the following individuals would be benefitted from the "question the evidence" technique in cognitive therapy?

Linda, who states that she can never remain happy alone after her divorce

Who may benefit the most from electroconvulsive therapy?

Brad, who is contemplating suicide

Which of the following statements is true of dream analysis?

Dreams give individuals an outlet to express symbolically their unconscious wishes.

A major advantage of group therapy is that clients:

have more opportunities to develop social skills.

Which of the following is a side-effect of administering electroconvulsive therapy?

Memory loss

Which of the following indicates the view of a cognitive therapist regarding the cause of psychological problems?

They occur as a result of client’s low self-worth

In systematic desensitization, after the client has mentioned about the most and the least frightening aspects of the feared situation, the very next step involves:

arranging the frightening aspects in a hierarchy.

Transference is useful in the therapeutic situation because it:

provides an opportunity to recreate important relationships.

According to the psychoanalytic approach toward psychotherapy, which of the following is an essential part of the job of a psychotherapist?

To free the individual from conflict that resides in his or her unconscious mind

According to Freud’s therapeutic technique, getting people to talk freely:

allows their deepest thoughts to emerge.

The therapy that is based on the assumption that psychological problems are due to self-defeating and irrational thoughts is:

cognitive therapy.

In which of the following instances should the individual be recommended for cognitive restructuring?

Nelson says he will never fall in love again after his girlfriend broke up with him.

Which of the following scenarios indicates the psychoanalytic phenomenon of transference?

Derek resents his psychotherapist who resembles his previous girlfriend.

Which of the following statements is true of behavior therapies?

They assume that insight is irrelevant to the goal of treatment.

In the context of types of therapy, psychoanalysis is a _____ therapy.

insight-oriented

Which of the following is a characteristic of group therapy?

Altruism

Which of the following is a class of antipsychotic drugs that is administered as a part of drug therapy?

Neuroleptics

When compared to psychoanalysts from the past, contemporary psychoanalysts place less emphasis on:

sexual fantasies.

Which of the following is a feature of group therapy?

Validation

Which of the following individuals would be benefitted from the self-instructional method in cognitive-behavioral therapy?

Meredith, who is suffering from depressive thoughts

Which of the following individuals would be benefited from systematic desensitization?

Rudy, who has a phobia of closed spaces

Which of the following statements is true about humanistic therapies?

They focus on the individual’s self-healing capacities.

Which of the following questions is a behavioral therapist more likely to ask rather than a psychoanalyst?

How much did your anxiety subside after you washed your hands?

Which of the following is a primary goal of humanistic therapists?

To maximize the growth potential

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