Psychology Ch. 15

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A fear becomes a phobia when _____.

an individual will go to any length to avoid the situation that he fears

Which of the following statements is true of schizophrenia?

Individuals with schizophrenia may be lacking in the ability to read the emotions of others.

Which of the following statements is true of the sociocultural factors involved in suicide?

Suicide rates are found to be higher in states with a culture of honor.

Which psychological approach would attribute a person’s depression to escalating negative and self-defeating thoughts?

The cognitive approach

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), which of the following nations has the highest suicide rates?

Japan

What kind of thinking involves ascribing personal meaning to completely random events?

Referential thinking

Which of the following is a common negative symptom of schizophrenia?

Flat affect

Which of the following statements is true of borderline personality disorder (BPD)?

BPD is more common among those younger than 30.

For a person to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD), he or she must have experienced a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least _____.

two weeks

Which of the following statements is true of the biopsychosocial model?

The biopsychosocial model states that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors are all equally significant ingredients in producing both normal and abnormal behavior.

_____ refers to a psychological state in which an individual feels overexcited and unrealistically optimistic.

Mania

In the context of treating children who suffer from bipolar disorder, _____, included by the DSM-5 as a new diagnosis, is considered a depressive disorder in children who show persistent irritability and recurrent episodes of out-of-control behavior.

general anxiety disorder

Dissociative disorders are _____.

psychological disorders that involve a sudden loss of memory or change in identity due to the separation of an individual’s conscious awareness from previous memories

Individuals with depressive disorder appear to have too few receptors for the neurotransmitters _____.

serotonin and norepinephrine

An example of a specific phobia that is associated with the fear of strangers is referred to as _____.

xenophobia

Which of the following statements is true of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD)?

Individuals with ASPD show lower levels of autonomic nervous system arousal.

Dissociation refers to a psychological state in which the person feels _____.

disconnected from immediate experience

Which of the following is NOT one of the three criteria that is used to distinguish normal from abnormal behavior?

Behavior that is statistically atypical in nature

In 1973, Rosenhan performed a study in which eight healthy adults were admitted to a psychiatric hospital. What did this study demonstrate?

Once a person has been labeled with a psychological disorder, that label colors how others perceive everything else he or she does.

Which of the following disorders is related to the experience of anxiety, but has NOT been classified by the DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Which of the following statements is true of the psychological factors involved in suicide?

The most common disorders among individuals who commit suicide are depression and anxiety.

The _____ is the name of the manual that was published in 1952 by the American Psychiatric Association for the major classification of psychological disorders in the United States.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

Which of the following groups has the highest suicide rate among all the other demographic groups in the United States?

Native Americans

Hallucinations are _____.

sensory experiences that occur in the absence of real stimuli

Which of the following statements is true of the sociocultural factors involved in depression?

Depression increases as standards of living and employment circumstances worsen.

An individual diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is most likely to _____.

exhibit repetitive behavior and have restricted interests

Which of the following disorders is an example of a culture-related disorder?

Anorexia nervosa

Which of the following statements is true of the biological factors involved in bipolar disorder?

High levels of norepinephrine and low levels of serotonin are associated with bipolar disorder.

Which of the following is true of people suffering from histrionic personality disorder?

People with this disorder are inappropriately seductive in their interactions with others.

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