Psych Quiz 5

Total Word Count: 441
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A person’s lowest BMI occurs between the ages of..?

5 and 6

Today’s children could become the first generation in more than 100 years to have a shorter lifespan than their parents as a result of:

Nutritional deficiencies and being overweight

Parents of a 5-year-old girl are likely to say:

"She isn’t eating enough", "eat your dinner and you can have dessert"

To ensure adequate nutrition and vitamin intake, what is recommended?

Fresh food

A common allergy for young children is:

Cow’s milk, peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, soy, wheat, shellfish

One of the most common diseases of young children in developed nations is..?

Tooth decay (1/3rd of children under the age of 6 suffer from tooth decay)

Preschoolers often have trouble tying their shoelaces because they have inadequate:

fine-motor skills

At what age does any specific disease overtake accidents as a cause for human mortality?

40

Instead of accident prevention, health workers prefer the term:

Injury control/harm reduction

What is the leading cause of death among children between the ages of 1 and 4 years old?

Drowning

Which environmental substance has been shown to reduce intelligence and increase behavior problems in young children?

Lead

prefrontal cortex

part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning, and language

corpus callosum

the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them

A disorder that research has suggested may result from abnormal development of the corpus callosum is:

Autism

What percentage of Great Britain and the U.S are left handed?

10%

Amygdala

A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, particularly fear and aggression.

The increased activity of the amygdala is a reason that young children experience…?

Nightmares/phobias

Stress can lead to weight gain since having too much cortisol in one’s bloodstream has been associated with increased abdominal fat. Cortisol is the hormone released by the _____ when a person is stressed.

Hypothalamus

By the age of 2, a child will typically have a vocabulary of _____ words; by the age of 6, a child will typically have a vocabulary of _____ words.

100-2000 words; 10,000+ words

Children typically understand the basics of grammar by the _____.

age of two

balanced bilingual

a person who is fluent in two languages, not favoring one over the other

Most teacher-directed preschool programs stress:

academics, often taught by one adult to the entire group

The goal of most teacher-directed preschools is

to distinguish schoolwork from unstructured play

In the U.S, low income children are offered a free preschool education through what?

Headstart

An evaluation of Head Start found that benefits were MOST apparent for children:

from families with lowest incomes, in rural areas, or those with real disabilities.

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