Psych. Mod. 6.4

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Morphine and heroin duplicate the action of ________.

endorphins

When amphetamines are abused, the resulting effects may include ________.

loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, and vomiting

After taking a drug for several years, Bruce decides to quit taking it. He begins to experience a variety of physical symptoms, psychological symptoms such as irritability, and a strong craving for the substance. What term is used to describe what Bruce is experiencing?

withdrawal

Which of the following is classified as a depressant?

A) Cocaine
B) Alcohol
C) Heroin
D) Marijuana

B) Alcohol

The need to take a drug in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms is called ________.

physical dependent

Russell needs more of the drug he has been using to get the normal high he got when he first started. Russell is experiencing ________.

drug tolerance

Morphine, heroin, and methadone ________.

are derived from opium

A person will often take a barbiturate as a ________.

sleep aid

How does Ernest Hilgard explain pain reduction through hypnosis?

Hypnotized individuals dissociate the experience, so part of the mind is unaware of the pain.

Upon just waking up, you report a vivid visual event. What term do psychologists use for such phenomena?

hypnopompic image

Benzedrine, methedrine, and dexedrine are all ________.

amphetamines

One major danger of barbiturates is ________.

drug interaction

The key to hypnotic induction seems to be related to ________.

state of suggestibility

What is the primary difference between a hypnogogic and hypnopompic hallucination?

Hypnogogic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.

Which of the following statements is correct concerning hypnosis?

A) The hypnotist is always in control.
B) A hypnotized person is in an involuntary condition of suggestion.
C) People will do things they would not ordinarily do when under hypnosis.
D) A person who is under hypnosis is really in control of his or her behavior.

D) A person who is under hypnosis is really in control of his or her behavior.

Louisa has just drifted off to sleep on the sofa, and is almost immediately awakened by her mother, who urges her to go to bed. Louisa insists that she was not sleeping, but is now terrified by the ghost that she is sure she has seen. Louisa is probably experiencing a(n):

hypnogogic hallucination

You are listening to a person who keeps telling you to relax, attempting to create a situation in which you are likely to follow suggestions. What treatment are you undergoing?

hypnosis

Nicotine is a ________.

stimulant

The social-cognitive theory of hypnosis suggests that ________.

people are merely playing a role

Caffeine is a ________.

stimulant

The two most important symptoms of substance dependence are:

tolerance and withdrawal

Drugs derived from opium are called ________.

narcotics

Which of the following neurotransmitters are associated with alcohol?

A) GABA
B) Acetylcholine
C) Endorphins
D) Adrenaline

A) GABA

LSD is similar to which of the following drugs?

A) MDMA
B) Methadone
C) PCP
D) CHT

C) PCP

Which statement is correct concerning marijuana?

A) There is evidence that marijuana is physically addictive.
B) There is evidence that marijuana is psychologically addictive.
C) There is evidence that marijuana causes cancer.
D) Marijuana usage can lead to psychological dependence.

D) Marijuana usage can lead to psychological dependence.

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