Psych Chapter 4 Quiz

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Which of the following statements is correct concerning what hypnosis can do?
A. Hypnosis can create amnesia.
B. Hypnosis can give a person superhuman strength.
C. Hypnosis can improve intelligence.
D. Hypnosis can improve memory.

A) hypnosis can create amnesia

What is the primary difference between a hypnogogic and hypnopompic hallucination?
A. Hypnogogic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.
B. Hypnogogic hallucinations occur in REM sleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur in NREM sleep.
C. Hypnogogic hallucinations occur in NREM sleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur in REM sleep.
D. Hypnopompic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnogogic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.

A) Hypnogogic hallucinations occur just after we’ve fallen asleep, while hypnopompic hallucinations occur between REM sleep and waking up.

After taking a drug for several years, Bruce decides to quit taking it. He begins to experience a variety of physical symptoms, psychological symptoms such as irritability, and a strong craving for the substance. What term is used to describe what Bruce is experiencing?
A. tolerance
B. physical dependence
C. withdrawal
D. drug intoxication

C. withdrawals

LSD is similar to which of the following drugs?
A. MDMA
B. methadone
C. PCP
D. CHT

C) PCP

Consciousness is the ________.
A. state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes
B. awareness of ourselves and the environment
C. memory of personally experienced events
D. intentional recollection of an item of information

B) awareness of ourselves and the environment

You see an advertisement for a method of learning a foreign language that seems simple—just put on a tape and fall asleep. The accompanying description cites proof that people can learn while asleep. Being a good psychological detective, what question would you ask about the offered proof?
A. Did the individuals actually dream about the foreign language?
B. What did the EEG indicate about the participants’ level of sleep?
C. Did the researchers use only long sleepers who would spend more time with the tapes?
D. Were study breaks included in the tape to provide greater comprehension of the material?

B?

Periods of REM sleep alternate with periods of non-REM sleep in a cycle that recurs about every ________ minutes or so.
A. 30
B. 90
C. 150
D. 210

B. 90

______ is a disorder in which breathing briefly stops during sleep, causing the person to choke, gasp, and momentarily awaken.
A. Sleep apnea
B. Insomnia
C. Narcolepsy
D. Non-REM sleep

A) sleep apnea

To treat your sleep problem, you are told that you should not nap, you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day, and you should get out of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing?
A. enuresis
B. narcolepsy
C. insomnia
D. REM sleep behavior disorder

C) insomnia

When amphetamines are abused, the resulting effects may include ________.
A. loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, and vomiting
B. increased appetite, sleepiness, and euphoria
C. heart disease, high blood pressure, impaired circulation, and erectile problems in men
D. restlessness, insomnia, muscle tension, heartbeat irregularities, and high blood pressure

A)loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, and vomiting

Drugs that speed up the functioning of the nervous system are called ________.
A. stimulants
B. depressants
C. narcotics
D. psychogenics

A) stimulants

A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey, the boss gets off the train at a terminal. The therapist suggests that the "terminal" in the dream indicates an unconscious desire by the client to "terminate" his boss. This desire to terminate the boss, if it exists, would reflect what Freud called the ________ content of the dream.
A. primary
B. manifest
C. secondary
D. latent

D) latent

According to Freud, the visible, or directly observable, content of a dream is its ________ content.
A. primary
B. manifest
C. secondary
D. latent

B) manifest

Which statement is correct concerning how much sleep people need?
A. Most older people need at least 10 hours.
B. Men need more sleep than women.
C. Most young adults need between 7 and 9 hours of sleep.
D. Women need more sleep than men.

C) Most young adults need between 7 and 9 hours of sleep.

A circadian cycle is about ________ hours long.
A. 1.5
B. 12
C. 6
D. 24

D) 24

Which of the following statements is correct concerning what hypnosis CANNOT do?
A. Hypnosis cannot create amnesia.
B. Hypnosis cannot regress people back to childhood.
C. Hypnosis cannot alter sensory perceptions.
D. Hypnosis cannot improve memory.

B. Hypnosis cannot regress people back to childhood

Louisa has just drifted off to sleep on the sofa, and is almost immediately awakened by her mother, who urges her to go to bed. Louisa insists that she was not sleeping, but is now terrified by the ghost that she is sure she has seen. Louisa is probably experiencing a(n.:
A. hypnogogic hallucination.
B. hypnic jerk.
C. hypnopompic illusion.
D. nightmare.

A. hypnogogic hallucination.

The need to take a drug in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms is called ________.
A. a craving
B. tolerance
C. obsessive compulsion
D. physical dependence

D. physical dependence

Which statement is correct concerning marijuana?
A. There is evidence that marijuana is physically addictive.
B. There is evidence that marijuana is psychologically addictive.
C. There is evidence that marijuana causes cancer.
D. Marijuana usage can lead to psychological dependence.

D. Marijuana usage can lead to psychological dependence.

The state we are in when we are awake and reasonably alert is called ________.
A. altered state of consciousness
B. waking consciousness
C. self-awareness
D. intelligence

B. waking consciousness

The stage of sleep in which delta waves begin to appear is ________ sleep.
A. Stage 1 (N1.
B. Stage 2 (N2.
C. Stage 3 (N3.
D. Stage 4 (N4.

C. Stage 3 (N3.

Which device would a sleep researcher use to monitor a sleeping person’s brain waves?
A. electromyograph (EMG.
B. electrocardiograph (EKG.
C. electro-oculograph (EOG.
D. electroencephalograph (EEG.

D. electroencephalograph (EEG.

You are telling a joke to your friend who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known as ________.
A. enuresis
B. narcolepsy
C. sleep terror
D. daytime insomnia

B. narcolepsy

Benzedrine, methedrine, and dexedrine are all ________.
A. narcotics
B. depressants
C. illegal
D. amphetamines

D. amphetamines

The activation-synthesis hypothesis resulted from using ________.
A. EEGs on college students while they were sleeping
B. drugs while sleeping
C. a combination of laser technology and X-ray
D. PET scans

D. PET scans

In comparing the dreams of men and women, researchers have found that generally ________.
A. there is no difference between them
B. men dream more about home and family than women do
C. women dream more often about strangers than men do
D. Men’s dreams more often involve cars, weapons, tools, and sex

D. Men’s dreams more often involve cars, weapons, tools, and sex

Melatonin is a ________.
A. hormone
B. sleeping pill
C. depressant
D. stimulant

A. hormone

You meet a psychologist who says she views hypnosis from the social-cognitive perspective. Which of the following is the best description of what her view of hypnosis would be?
A. There is no hypnotized person role; hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness.
B. There is no hypnotized person role; hypnosis is not an altered state of consciousness.
C. People play the role of a hypnotized person; hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness.
D. People play the role of a hypnotized person; hypnosis is not an altered state of consciousness.

D. People play the role of a hypnotized person; hypnosis is not an altered state of consciousness.

Upon just waking up, you report a vivid visual event. What term do psychologists use for such phenomena?
A. hypnotic illusion
B. positive hallucination
C. hypnagogic hallucination
D. hypnopompic image

D. hypnopompic image

Which of the following is NOT an altered state of consciousness?
A. concentration
B. meditation
C. daydreaming
D. intoxication

A. concentration

You are watching sleep researchers monitor the sleep of a normal adult. The participant is hooked up to an EEG. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?
A. alpha eventually replaced by delta
B. delta eventually replaced by theta
C. beta eventually replaced by alpha
D. delta eventually replaced by beta

C. beta eventually replaced by alpha

A student nurse looks at a patient’s chart and does not understand the meaning of serious sleep apnea, so she asks the head nurse for assistance. How might the head nurse describe this condition?
A. The patient is mentally ill and tends to try to suffocate himself at times.
B. The patient cannot sleep unless he uses several pillows to deaden sounds that might awaken him.
C. The patient appears to awaken throughout the night and start walking, but he will not respond to commands.
D. The patient has a potentially life-threatening condition in which air does not flow into or out of his nose or mouth for periods of time while he is asleep.

D. The patient has a potentially life-threatening condition in which air does not flow into or out of his nose or mouth for periods of time while he is asleep.

Mary is having insomnia. Which piece of advice would you give to help her deal with it?
A. Take sleeping pills.
B. Go to bed every night at different times to "shock your sleep system."
C. Study in bed and then go immediately to sleep.
D. Don’t do anything but sleep in your bed.

D. Don’t do anything but sleep in your bed.

Heroin addiction has been treated with ________.
A. morphine
B. LSD
C. methadone
D. amphetamines

C. methadone

Which of the following is classified as a depressant?
A. cocaine
B. alcohol
C. heroin
D. marijuana

B. alcohol

Interpretation of the ________ content of a dream is expected to reveal the ________ content.
A. latent; manifest
B. manifest; latent
C. manifest; sublimated
D. metaphorical; denotative

B. manifest; latent

Sigmund Freud would agree with all of the following EXCEPT ________.
A. dreams represent the unconscious
B. early memories could be found in dreams
C. the key to analyzing a dream will be found in the latent content
D. Freud never really believed that dreams represented the unconscious

D. Freud never really believed that dreams represented the unconscious

How does Ernest Hilgard explain pain reduction through hypnosis?
A. Hypnosis increases dopamine levels in the body.
B. People merely play the role of the hypnotized person and attempt to ignore the pain.
C. Hypnotized individuals dissociate the experience, so part of the mind is unaware of the pain.
D. Hypnosis results in an altered state of consciousness that alters brain waves in regions of the brain responsible for the perception of pain.

C. Hypnotized individuals dissociate the experience, so part of the mind is unaware of the pain.

Chemicals that can alter thinking, perception, and memory are called ________.
A. legal drugs
B. illegal drugs
C. hallucinogens
D. psychoactive drugs

D. psychoactive drugs

What term do sleep researchers use to designate stages 1-4 of sleep?
A. REM sleep
B. non-REM sleep
C. REMN sleep
D. paradoxical sleep

B. non-REM sleep

Which of these individuals has the highest risk of sleep apnea?
A. John, 62 years old, who is overweight
B. Angela, 21 years old, who is depressed
C. Alicia, 42 years old, who is suffering from anorexia
D. Juan, 8 years old, who is experiencing episodes of enuresis

A. John, 62 years old, who is overweight

If Frank is using a drug that causes addiction in nearly 75% of those who use it, he is probably ingesting ________.
A. MDMA
B. heroin
C. crack
D. LSD

Drugs derived from opium are called ________.
A. stimulants
B. depressants
C. narcotics
D. psychogenics

C. narcotics

A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey, the boss gets off the train at a terminal. The content of this dream, as related by the client to the therapist, is what Freud called its ________.
A. primary content
B. manifest content
C. secondary content
D. latent content

B. manifest content

The best adjectives associated with the activation-synthesis hypothesis are ________.
A. bizarre, meaningless, and random
B. unconscious, symbolic, and meaningful
C. meaningful, problem oriented, and historical
D. intelligent, free, and neurotic

A. bizarre, meaningless, and random

SCN stands for ________.
A. stop control now
B. suprachiasmatic nucleus
C. serotonin-controlled nucleus
D. sleep control nucleus

B. suprachiasmatic nucleus

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