psych chapter 10 questions

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According to Jung, the collective unconscious contains _____.

archetypes

the id

positive regard

self-actualization

archetypes

According to Gray’s reinforcement sensitivity theory, the behavioral inhibition system is _____.

sensitive to punishments in the environment

predisposes one to feelings of positive emotion

underlies the trait of extraversion

sensitive to rewards

sensitive to punishments in the environment

According to Dan McAdams, our _____ are our identities.

unconscious urges

genetic predispositions

life stories

conditions of worth

life stories

Face validity refers to whether _____.

two examiners will agree about a person’s personality traits

the content of test items appears to be a good indicator of personality traits

the personality test will predict behavior outside the test situation

the person is giving answers to try to look better

the content of test items appears to be a good indicator of personality traits

Mischel nearly derailed the scientific study of personality by challenging the assumption that personality traits are _____.

consistent

consciously expressed

masculine
learned

consistent

Dr. Crane is looking for a test that he can use to understand more about his clients’ unconscious motivations. He would be very likely to use a(n) _____.

self-report measure

objective measure

projective measure

observational measure

projective measure

Shawn graduated from college with honors and approaches most aspects of life with the expectation that he will be successful. He expects a great deal of himself and sets his goals high. After his interview for a job in the most prestigious company in his state, he was convinced that he would get the job. You could say that he _____.

has a strong external locus of control

displays low self-efficacy

has a strong tendency to be conceited

displays high self-efficacy

displays high self-efficacy

Brittney is a counselor who believes that her clients have the innate ability to make good choices. She accepts each individual as they are and as a person in the process of change. It is important to her that her clients learn to evaluate themselves and not depend on the opinion of others. Brittney is practicing _____.

trait exploration

psychoanalytic counseling

social cognitive counseling

humanistic counseling

humanistic counseling

Which of the following neurotransmitters is associated with neuroticism?

Dopamine

Serotonin

Acetylcholine

GABA

Serotonin

Mischel developed his CAPS theory in part through research in which domain?

Psychoanalysis

Self-actualization

Life stories

Delayed gratification

Delayed gratification

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is an example of _____ test of personality.

a lexical

an observational

a projective

an empirically keyed

an empirically keyed

What has behavioral genetic research found in the domain of autobiographical memory?

Among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were very different

Among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were quite similar

The genetic overlap of identical twins reared apart had no effect on memories

Early autobiographical memories are determined entirely by experiences, and not by genetics

Among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were quite similar

Which of the following is NOT a method proposed by Rogers to develop a more positive self-concept?

Unconditional positive regard

Empathy

Genuineness

Defense mechanisms

Defense mechanisms

Gordon Allport believed that healthy, well-adjusted individuals _____.

show a positive but objective sense of self and others, and have a sense of humor, common sense, and a unifying philosophy of life

use their innate strengths to fulfill their conscious and unconscious instincts for pleasure, and focus primarily on subjective reality to determine their own sense of truth

have achieved self-actualization, are truthful, work for the common good, and believe in social justice

do not use defense mechanisms, are logical, independent, and financially successful

show a positive but objective sense of self and others, and have a sense of humor, common sense, and a unifying philosophy of life

Results of cross-cultural and animal studies on the big five model of personality _____.

fail to support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

are mixed in that cross-cultural studies support the big five model but animal studies do not

are mixed in that animal studies support the big five mode, but cross-cultural studies do not

support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

Freud believed that the prime motive in human existence is _____, Karen Horney believed that the prime motive in human existence is _____.

security / sex

sex / security

self-actualization / unconditional positive regard

sex / self-actualization

sex / security

According to Eysenck’s theory, introversion and extraversion are characteristic patterns of behavior that _____.

are shaped through behaviorism

aim to regulate arousal around baseline

should be measured using projective tests

determine a person’s sense of unconditional positive regard

aim to regulate arousal around baseline

Freud considered _____ to be the primary motivating force of human behavior.

the conscious

the unconscious

rewards and punishments

self-actualization

the unconscious

You are a personality researcher and want to continue after the tradition of Henry Murray. This means you will be more interested in _____.

the whole person rather than specific traits

sexual fantasies rather than overt behaviors

overt behaviors rather than personal diaries

personality traits rather than self report questionnaires

the whole person rather than specific traits

Which statement best describes the relationship between neuroticism and emotion?

Neuroticism is a personality trait and therefore not related to emotional experience.

Neuroticism is related to feeling more positive emotion.

Neuroticism is related to feeling more negative emotion.

Neuroticism is related to extreme emotions, both positive and negative.

Neuroticism is related to feeling more negative emotion.

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