Psych Ch. 8 quiz

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Cross-sequential design

In a ________ design, one group of people is followed and assessed at different times as the group ages.

Each of her parents much have one recessive blond hair gene

Brandy has naturally blond hair. Based on this information what do we know about Brandy’s parents?

Cohert effect

The cognitive and social changes students go through because they are born and grow up in an age of smartphones would be referred to as a(n)

Polygenic inheritance

When sets of genes group together, the result can be multiple traits expressed as a single dominant trait. This is best explained by the process known as:

Cystic fibrosis

Which of the following is a disorder resulting from recessive inheritance? Turner’s syndrome Klinefelter’s syndrome Cystitis fibrosis Down syndrome

Turner’s syndrome

Which disorder is characterized by having only one X chromosome in the 23rd pairing? Tay-Sachs Turner’s syndrome Klinefelter’s syndrome PKU

Germinal period

The first 2 weeks of pregnancy are called the ________ period.

Developing organs can be affected by toxins passing through the placenta

Which of the following does not happen in the germinal period? Diving mass of cells travels to the uterus Developing organs can be affected by toxins passing through the placenta Mass of cells form a hollow ball Cells begin to differentiate

Embryonic

The period of pregnancy that contains the clearest examples of critical periods is the _______ period.

Mercury

Intellectual disability and blindness are possible outcomes of the effects of ________ on the developing baby.

Habituation

One way researchers study newborn development involves measuring how long infants continue to focus upon no changing stimulus. This technique is referred to as:

Concrete operations

In which of Piaget’s stages would a child be who has just developed the ability to conserve?

Scaffolding

Vygotsky defines _______ as the process of helping less as the learner improves at a given task.

Ambivalent

What kind of attachment, according to Ainsworth, is shown by a baby who clings to his or her mother, gets upset when the mother leaves, and demands to be picked up but at the same time kicks her and pushes her away?

Physical contact

Studies by Harry Harlow showed that the most important element to developing attachment is:

Autonomy versus shame and doubt

According tho Erickson, which stage results in a sense of independence because of one’s ability to control their own actions?

Secondary sex characteristic

A change in the body of young boys such as appearance and growth of body hair is considered:

A personal fable

"It can’t happen to me. I’m special." Is a common attitude found in adolescents who have developed:

Postconventional morality

According to Kholberg, about one-fifth of the adult population is at the ________ level of morality.

Find a consistent sense of self

According to Erickson, the task of the adolescent is to:

His taste in clothes

If Collin is going to argue and disagree with his parents, which of the following topics will he typically be arguing over?

The aging process

As Conrad has gotten older, he finds that it is becoming more difficult to remember certain words or the name of a new acquaintance. What is the most likely explanation for this change in memory?

Finding a mate

According the Erickson, the primary task of early adulthood is:

Authoritarian parenting

According to Baumrind, which type of parent would most likely say "Because I said so" or "It’s my way or the highway!"?

Cellular-clock theory

Which theory of aging is compared to the limited number of repairs you can have before your car’s warranty runs out?

They are not asked to take part

According to research, the reason many older people are no longer involved in their community is because:

Denial

What stage might terminally ill patients be in if they refuse to write a last will and testament because they believe that is doing so, they are admitting they will die?

Cohort effect

The thinking and attitude of many who survived the Depression of the 1930s changed them for the rest of their lives. This would be an example of a :

Recessive

If a person has one gene influencing blue eyes but actually has brown eyes, blue eyes must be a ________ trait.

Klinefelter’s

In ___________ syndrome, the 23rd pair of chromosomes consists of an XXY pairing, resulting in reduced masculine characteristics and excessive height.

One egg is fertilized by one sperm and then splits

Which of the following represents the fertilization process for monozygotic twins?

Stem cells

What part on an infant’s body is said to stay in an immature state until needed to produce more cells?

Between 22 and 26 weeks

Based on today’s science and medicine, when does the age of viability begin?

Preferential looking

Dr. Khan measures how long baby Lydia looks at a particular stimulus?

2 months

At what age can the typical infant roll over?

Unused synaptic connections and nerve cells are cleared out to make way for new cells

Studies of the infant brain show signs of what scientists call synaptic pruning. What occurs during this process?

Preoperational

In which of Piaget’s stages does the child become capable of understanding conversation?

Formal operations

In which of Piaget’s stages does the child become capable of abstract reasoning?

Easy

Which infant temperament is associated with babies who are very regular in their schedules of sleeping and eating.

Secure

In the Strange Situation, _________ babies would cry when their mother left the room but were happy upon their return.

Such behavior is due to the tremendous pressure applied by peers.

What is a most likely explanation as to why teenagers and young adults may engage in risky and dangerous behavior?

The imaginary audience

Samantha enters the classroom where 2 students are talking. When they stop their discussion, Samantha is certain they must have been talking about her. Such a belief is an example of:

Changes in memory begin to occur

What cognitive changes in middle adulthood are the most noticeable?

Authoritative

Independence and self-reliance in the teenage years are most likely due to _________ parenting.

Integrity versus despair

The crisis of late adulthood, according to Erickson, is:

Free-radical theory

Which theory of aging states that unstable oxygen molecules tend to steal electrons as they bounce around, thus causing damage to the surrounding cells?

Anger is a normal reaction to death and not a sign of mental illness.

Kip is worried that he is losing his mind because he finds himself angry at a friend who died in an automobile accident. Based on Kubler-Ross’s research, what might you tell him?

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