PSYC201-Ch. 4 quizzes

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Synchrony depends on _____.

responsiveness and timing

Geoffrey enjoys spending time with his 1-year-old son. Compared with his wife, Geoffrey’s interaction with their son is likely to be _____.

more actively playful

In research on synchrony, mothers were instructed to interact with their infants by copying their facial expressions, and then on cue to show no emotional reaction at all. This procedure is called the _____.

still-face technique

According to traditional behaviorism, personality is _____.

molded by one’s parents

A sign of secure attachment is when a child _____.

maintains contact with the caregiver while exploring

When playing with their children, fathers are more likely than mothers to _____.

engage in physical play

When a baby acts upset because a caregiver is about to leave, the baby is exhibiting _____.

seperation anxiety

How do people become "fixated" in a Freudian stage?

Their normal developmental urges are frustrated.

When playing with their children, mothers are more likely than fathers to _____.

play peek-a-boo

The emotions of shame, pride, and embarrassment require that a child first _____.

gain an awareness of other people

Which of the following emotions is the last to develop in an infant?


Andrew and Laura want to enhance their synchrony with their 6-month-old son. They can best do this by _____.

imitating his vocal and facial expressions

With social awareness comes several new emotions, including _____.

pride, shame, embarrassment, and guilt

Which theorist stated, "Failure to bring up a happy child, a well-adjusted child—assuming bodily health—falls squarely upon the parents’ shoulders"?


Experience produces connections between _____ and emotions.


Which statement about emotional development in toddlers is true?

Emotions such as pride and humility depend on cultural values.

Research has found that a person’s temperament is _____.

linked to biological patterns that appear in infancy

The coordinated interaction between caregiver and infant is called _____.


Developmentalists have demonstrated that social learning takes place _____.

throughout life

A child with secure attachment is one who _____.

makes contact with the caregiver after the caregiver reenters the room

Which psychologist developed the Strange Situation test?


Center-based day care is common in countries such as France, Israel, and China, where _____.

it is heavily subsidized by the government

Margarita and Roberto are warm, nurturing parents who hold their baby often. They are exhibiting _____.

proximal parenting

Worldwide, only about 15 percent of infants receive daily care from _____.

a paid, trained, nonrelative caregiver

The Western value of independence is clearly exhibited in _____.

Erikson’s stage of autonomy versus shame and doubt

Four-month-old Sylvia and 13-month-old Lizzy are left with a babysitter. How will they react?

Lizzy will probably show more distress than Sylvia.

Which behavior develops around 6 weeks of age?

the social smile

According to Erikson, failure to develop autonomy over one’s own actions is most closely identified with _____.

Shame and doubt

Attachment in infants is definitely evident by the age of _____.

1 year

Child care that is provided a person other than the parents is called _____.

Rodney was raised on a farm in Utah and enjoys the taste of beef liver cooked with onions. Sarah was raised in New York City and would never think of eating beef liver, but she very much enjoys sushi. What explains their differences in food preference?

social referencing

In the Strange Situation, a sign of insecure attachment might be _____.

crying and being unable to be comforted when her mother returns

Erikson’s second stage of development is called _____.

Nine-month-old Taran explores new environments when his Mother is present but shows distress when she leaves the room. Taran’s behavior illustrates a(n) _____ attachment.


Abed is 12 months old, and his uncle Nadin is visiting for the first time in 6 months. Nadin is delighted to see his nephew, so as he enters the room, he booms, "There’s my little man!" Abed looks to his mother, who is smiling broadly at her brother, and crawls to him to be picked up. Abed is demonstrating _____.

Social Referencing

If we place a dot of rouge on a 20-month-old girl’s nose and stand the child in front of a mirror, she may then touch her own nose. This indicates that the child has some _____.


Lawrence is playing with his infant daughter Rosalie. He responds to Rosalie’s facial expressions by mimicking and exaggerating the same expressions. All of a sudden, Lawrence stops showing any emotion. How is Rosalie likely to respond?

Rosalie will probably frown, fuss, drool, or look away from her father.

The crucial aspect of synchrony is _____.

mutual interaction

According to cognitive theory, infants use their early relationships to develop a set of assumptions that become a frame of reference for later in life. Such a set of assumptions is called a _____.

Working model

At 6 weeks of age, baby Jessica’s newest emotional reaction is MOST likely to be _____.

A social smile

Proximity-seeking and contact-maintaining behaviors are displays of _____.


Close father-infant relationships can teach infants (especially boys) appropriate expressions of emotion, particularly _____.


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