Psyc Chp 12

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1. After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims up its home river to return to its birthplace. This behavior is an example of:

d. an instinct.

2. Some students work hard in school in order to attain high grades. This best illustrates the importance of:

d. incentives.

3. In poorer nations, subjective well-being is especially likely to be influenced by satisfaction with one’s ________. In wealthier countries, subjective well-being is especially likely to be influenced by satisfaction with one’s ________.

a. financial circumstances; home life

4. A starving rat will lose all interest in food if its ________ is destroyed.

c. lateral hypothalamus

5. The secretion of PYY _________ hunger and the secretion of orexin ________ hunger.

b. decreases; increases

6. In an attempt to lose some of the weight she gained from binge eating, Melissa uses laxatives and exercises until she is exhausted. Melissa most clearly demonstrates symptoms of:

c. bulimia nervosa.

7. Over the past 50 years, the incidence of anorexia nervosa has steadily increased. This is most clearly attributable to:

a. cultural ideals of beauty that increasingly encourage thinness.

8. During which phase of the sexual response cycle does the refractory period begin?

b. the resolution phase

9. The removal of a woman’s ovaries may contribute to decreasing sexual interest because her natural ________ level is _______.

a. testosterone; lowered

10. In studies that followed hundreds of New Zealand and U.S. girls from age 5 to 18, ________ was linked to sexual activity before age 16

c. a father’s absence

11. Research on sexual orientation indicates that:

c. committed long-term love relationships are more common among lesbians than among gay men.

12. The fraternal birth order effect refers to a factor associated with:

d. sexual orientation.

13. When asked what is most necessary for a happy and meaningful life, most people first mention the importance of satisfying their ________ needs.

d. belongingness

14. Assessing the impact of different management styles on the motivation and productivity of employees best illustrates the professional concerns of:

c. organizational psychology

15. Managers who build teamwork and effectively mediate employee conflicts are said to excel in:

b. social leadership.

By motivating us to satisfy our physical needs, hunger and thirst serve to:

b. maintain homeostasis.

Need is to ________ as drive is to ________.

a. food deprivation; hunger

Orexin is an appetite hormone secreted by the:

a. hypothalamus

Destruction of the ________ causes an animal to ________.

c. ventromedial hypothalamus; overeat

The concept of a set point is relevant to understanding the experience of:

a. hunger.

Lindsey is extremely afraid of becoming obese even though she is underweight. She often checks her body in the mirror for any signs of fat and refuses to eat most foods because she insists they are fatty or high in calories. Lindsey most clearly demonstrates symptoms of:

c. anorexia nervosa.

Which of the following is indicative of a sexual disorder?

b. premature ejaculation

Teenage girls are especially vulnerable to ________ because of their lower levels of protective antibodies.

d. STIs

Which of the following is not true with respect to sexual orientation?

d. With the help of a therapist, most people find it easy to change their sexual orientation

Women more than men, prefer to alternate periods of high sexual activity with periods of very little sexual activity. This best illustrates gender differences in:

b. erotic plasticity.

A section of the ________ has been found to be larger in homosexual men than in heterosexual men.

b. anterior commissure

Our ________ is said to be a gauge of how socially accepted we feel.

d. self-esteem

Personnel psychology is one of the main subfields of:

b. industrial-organizational psychology.

For each performance review, Professor Donnell is evaluated by her students, colleagues, department chair, and research assistants. This best illustrates:

d. 360-degree feedback.

Compared to ineffective managers, those who are effective are more likely to:

c. celebrate employee productivity by providing them with recognition and rewards.

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