PSYC 160- Ch. 11

Total Word Count: 1412
   Send article as PDF   

Many emerging adults want to engage in sexual activity but know that they are not emotionally ready to be parents. Their solution is:

contraception.

About _____ percent of females with AIDS contracted it through rape.

20

Low birth weight, undernutrition in infancy, and rapid weight gain in early childhood are associated with _____ in emerging adulthood.

a higher risk of disease

Raul’s family maintains a strong ethnic identity. To increase his chances of doing well in college he should:

resist both assimilation and alienation.

Lee is clingy and very jealous, fearing that other men are after his wife. We might suspect that his early attachment pattern was:

anxious

How many emerging adults in the United States, Canada, northern Europe, England, and Australia cohabit during emerging adulthood?

the majority

Compared to college students 30 years ago, more students today are:

focusing on career preparation.

Risk taking during early adulthood:

may benefit or harm society.

A person between the ages of 18 and 25 is entering a stage developmentalists call:

emerging adulthood.

During emerging adulthood, self-esteem and happiness _____ for most people.

increase

According to Erikson, once an emerging adult has established a sense of identity, he or she needs to resolve which crisis?

intimacy versus isolation

For most people, social networking has _____ social isolation in emerging adulthood.

decreased

Professor Mtukudzi finished school in 1960 and loved his experience. He is MOST apt to believe the reason for a student to attend college should be to increase the student’s:

personal and intellectual growth.

Approximately what percentage of 18 to 25 year olds in the United States and Canada are of African, Latino, Asian, or Native American descent?

50

The term massification means that:

college could benefit everyone.

Using a drug in a quantity or a manner that harms physical, cognitive, or psychosocial well-being is called drug:

abuse

All members of a family have _____, as the experiences and needs of individuals at one stage of life are affected by all those at other stages.

linked lives

About _____ percent of all new cases of STIs worldwide occur in people under the age of 26.

50

Social networking may lead to ______, which happens when there are too many people available to meet and evaluate as potential life partners.

choice overload

Genevieve is about to complete her bachelor’s degree. If she is typical, once she is established in her career she will earn approximately _____ more per year than a peer without a college degree.

$20,000

A longitudinal study done by Arum and colleagues on a cross-section of U.S. college students found that students’ cognitive growth was _____ that of college students 20 years ago.

half of

Why does research suggest caution with regard to cohabitation?

Cohabitators who marry have a high rate of divorce.

The recent effort by countries around the world to increase the number of young people attending college is prompted by national governments’ belief in:

massification

Which statement made by a teacher is MOST likely to activate stereotype threat?

"This exam will show which gender has better grammatical skills."

Which statement is false about people between the ages of 18 and 25?

They undergo routine diagnostic tests such as colonoscopies.

On average, emerging adults today show _____ compared to older adults.

less prejudice overall

Biologically, the years from 18 to 25 are the ideal time for:

physical work and successful reproduction.

According to the text, the term used to describe a person between the ages of 18 and 25 is:

emerging adult

Approximately what percentage of young adults in the United States rate their health as good, very good, or excellent?

96

Most women under age 30 who gave birth in 2011:

were not married.

Young adults rarely die from:

heart disease.

In the United States, how many people in their mid-20s feel that premarital sex "is not wrong at all"?

53%

Half of all new cases of STIs occur in people:

younger than 26.

Which of the following nations are making progress in its effort to halt AIDS?

Brazil

The possibility that one’s appearance or behavior will be misread to confirm another person’s prejudice is known as:

stereotype threat.

Massification is the idea that establishing higher learning institutions and encouraging college enrollment could:

benefit everyone.

In every developed nation, _____ of college students are female.

more than half

During which stage did Erikson believe that adults seek someone with whom to share their lives in an enduring and self-sacrificing commitment?

intimacy versus isolation

Worldwide, emerging adults think about their identities in terms of:

political loyalties and religious commitments, gender roles, and ethnic and vocational identities

During late adolescence and early adulthood, people are _____ to be proud of their ethnic background.

likely

Research reveals that personality is:

genetically influenced, environmentally influenced, and not fixed; plasticity is evident.

In general, emerging adults experience:

increasing self-esteem.

Severe anxiety and depression are not unusual during adolescence and emerging adulthood, especially for:

young women.

Distorted thinking, lack of energy, and flat affect can all be signs of:

schizophrenia

After age _____, few people are newly diagnosed with schizophrenia.

30

In which of the following countries is cohabitation considered unusual?

Ireland

The period of emerging adulthood occurs between __________ years old.

18 and 25

According to your text, _____ percent of young adults in the United States rated their health as good, very good, or excellent.

95

According to the text, by age ____, the immune system can fight off just about everything from the sniffles to cancer.

20

Historically, most couples had their first child as teenagers, whereas now most women are having their first child at age _____.

25

Most people over age 65 think that premarital sex is:

wrong

What percentage of emerging adults has at least one sexually transmitted infection?

50

The leading cause of death for young men in South Africa is:

AIDS

Which of the following may be a destructive risk common in emerging adulthood?

driving fast without a seat belt, abusing drugs, carrying a loaded gun

Forms of recreation that risk causing injury or death, and are attractive and thrilling as a result, are referred to as:

extreme sports.

The possibility that one’s appearance or behavior will be misread to confirm another person’s prejudices is:

stereotype threat.

U.S. Census data confirm that a college degree adds about _____ per year to a worker’s salary.

$20,000

College trends indicate that:

more girls than boys attend college.

Erikson’s fifth stage of development, identity versus role confusion, starts in adolescence and is completed:

later during adulthood.

A longitudinal study found that students at four-year colleges were more likely to be involved in _____ than were students at two-year colleges.

extra-curricular activities

Personality patterns of adults are affected by:

cultural norms, social context, and genetic continuity.

Aggressive young adults:

rated themselves as quite conscientious.

Social phobia is most likely to be diagnosed in women around age:

20

Which disorder is characterized by having irrational thoughts, delusions, and hallucinations?

schizophrenia

A commonality among intimate relationships is that they:

progress from attraction to close connection to ongoing commitment.

The idea that each of us enlarges our understanding, our experiences, and our resources through our intimate relationships is known as:

self-expansion.

Define homeostasis.

Adjustment of all body’s systems to keep physiological functions in a state of equilibrium.

Define dualism.

Right and wrong answer; tell me what it is.

Define relativism.

There are so many different points of view; they’re all right.

Define commitment.

There are different points of view but here’s what I believe and here’s why.

Define the theory of self-authorship.

The internal capacity to define one’s belief’s, identity, and social relations; self-scripting.

What’re the four phases of emerging adulthood?

1. Forming formulas 2. Crossroads 3. Becoming the author of one’s life 4. Internal foundation

Explain forming formulas.

Following ideas from others.

Explain crossroads.

Plan that a student has been following, but doesn’t fit anymore. New plans need to be established. Dissatisfied with self. (Action has not been taken yet)

Explain becoming the author of one’s life.

Ability to choose own beliefs and stand up for them (conflict and opposing viewpoints).

Explain internal foundation.

Grounded in their self-determined belief system, in their sense of who they are, and the mutuality of their relationships.

Define ethnic identity.

How members of ethnic, racial, and cultural minorities view themselves, both as members of their own group and in terms of their relationships with other groups.

What is Helm’s White Racial Identity Model?

Phase 1: Abandonment of Racism Phase 2: Movement towards a nonracist identity

Define prejudice.

An unjustified (usually negative) attitude toward a group and it’s members; sometimes unconscious bias.

Define fundamental attribution error.

When we go too far in assuming that a person’s behavior is caused by their personality. (Overemphasize disposition attribution and under-emphasize situational attribution.)

Scroll to Top