PSY210 – Ch 4 – Practice Quiz

Total Word Count: 377
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What is characteristic of the emotions that develop over the course of the first 2 years of life?

They are spontaneous and uncensored.

When a baby is upset because a caregiver is leaving, the baby is exhibiting

separation anxiety.

According to psychoanalytic theory, the prime focus of pleasure in early infancy is

the mouth.

In Erikson’s theory, the infant’s earliest task is described as that of

learning whether the world can be trusted to meet basic needs.

According to cognitive theory, infants use their early relationships to develop a set of assumptions that become a frame of reference they may use later in life. Such a set of assumptions is called a

working model.

What acronym might you use to remember the Big Five personality traits?


A crucial aspect of synchrony is

mutual interaction.

"Proximity-seeking" and "contact-maintaining" behaviors are displays of


In the Strange Situation, a sign of secure attachment is

smiling at Mother when she returns to the room.

When playing with their children, fathers are more likely than mothers to

engage in physical play.

At what age can you expect a normally developing infant to walk well, run, and have a vocabulary of 50-100 words?

18 months

An increased level of cortisol is associated with an infant’s


Researchers placed a dot of rouge on babies’ noses and then had them look into a mirror. At what average age did most babies touch their noses when they saw their reflection?

18 months

How do people become "fixated" in a Freudian stage?

Their normal developmental urges are frustrated.

The autonomy versus shame and doubt crisis involves the child’s

trying to control his or her own actions.

Concerning temperament and personality, research has found that

temperament is linked to biological patterns that appear in infancy.

A lasting emotional bond that an infant forms with a caregiver defines


A 9-month-old explores new environments when her mother is present but shows distress when her mother leaves the room. The child’s behavior illustrates

secure attachment.

A parent and a toddler meet someone the toddler does not know but who makes the parent nervous. The toddler will probably

act anxious.

Infant day care is of high quality if caregivers emphasize, among other things

sensorimotor exploration.

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