PSY test # 3- chapter 11

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the disorder that is characterized by eating binges followed by forced vomiting is called

bulimia nervosa

carol has become very afraid of being overweight. She has recently reduced her food intake although she feels hungry all the time. As a result, her weight has dropped sharply below average, but she still believes that she is overweight. Carol is most likely experiencing:

anorexia nervosa

according to the DSM-IV-TR, to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, a person’s weight loss must be at least ______ percent below normal.

15

a person stopped eating candy and other sweets, then gradually eliminated other foods until the person was eating almost nothing could be experiencing

restricted- type anorexia nervosa

what is the first type of food usually eliminated from the diet of the developing anorexic person

sweets and fattening snacks

a person who loses weight by forcing herself to vomit after meals or by using laxatives, and who otherwise fits the definition of anorexia is experiencing

binge-eating/ purging- typer anorexia nervosa

what percentage of individuals with anorexia die from medical complications

2-6%

the peak age for the onset of anorexia nervosa is

14-18

the primary motivating emotion a person with anorexia experiences is

FEAR

a modern explanation of why many anorexic people continually have food-related thoughts and dreams is that

such thoughts and dreams are a result of food deprivation

the most common cognitive disturbance in anorexia nervosa is

distorted body image

if you were looking at a photograph of yourself and adjusting the size until you thought the picture looked like you, you would most likely be participating in an assessment of your

accuracy in estimating body size

a patient in therapy who eats exactly eight pieces of bread that he or she has carefully made into balls of equal diameter is displaying a symptom of anorexia nervosa related to

obsessive-compulsive patterns

misusing diuretics and laxatives following a binge is a symptom of the _____ type of bulimia nervosa

purging

someone who fasts or exercises strenuously following a binge is engaging in

non-purging type

bulimia is always characterized by

uncontrollable overeating

if an anorexic woman has lanugo, what happened

grew fine silky hair on her body

the central feature of bulimia nervosa is

binge eating followed by compensatory behavior

the best diagnosis for a woman who regularly eats a whole pizza, a carton of ice cream, and a box of donuts in one sitting, then forces herself to throw it all up

purging-type bulimia nervosa

flora begins almost every day. Cookies, cake, ice cream, and almost anything else that is sweet goes down her throat. Sometime during the binge she takes a huge dose of a laxative so that she will "empty out" the food. This set of assumptions would lead to a diagnosis of

purging-type

glenda binges almost everyday. she eats chips, and dips, burgers and fries, and a couple of shakes. after her eating she goes to the gym and does 90 minutes of aerobics, send and hour on the stair-stepper, and then does weights for another hour. she also does not eat for 72 hours. this set of assumptions would lead to a diagnosis of

non-purging type of bulimia nervosa

if binge eating is followed by a period of strenuous exercise to compensate for the food, the diagnosis is probably

non-purging type- bulimia nervosa

people who are often overweight and regularly binge eat without compensatory behaviors are experiencing

binge eating disorder

if a friend of yours had bulimia nervosa and engaged in frequent binges, about how many of his or her binges per week would you expect to witness yourself

none

in terms of emotions, the pattern common in bulimia from pre-binge, through binge, to post-binges is best described as

tension- powerless- shame

for people with bulimia nervosa, binge episodes produce feelings of

guilt and depression

how successful are compensatory behaviors in controlling weight

what is the most likely explanation for the different explanations of eating disorders in men and women

male eating disorders are more likely tied to work or sports

similarities between bulimia and anorexia include

begin after a period of dieting; there is a fear of obesity; preoccupied with food, weight and appearance; anxiety and depression

one medical problem linked to bulimia nervosa is

tooth loss

the medical problem that is about twice as frequent in anorexic women as it is in bulimic women is

amenorrhea

the currently accepted view of anorexia is that its cause is

multi dimensional

if one found that the average weight and size of cheerleaders had declined significantly over the years, and that those who aspired to be cheerleaders had a high level of eating disorders, one would have evidence for ______ causes of eating disorders

societal

which professionals are most at risk for an eating disorder

actors and athletes

if one study, prospective parents rated a picture of a chubby child as less ______ than an average-weight child

friendly and intelligent

research on doll choice in preschoolers shows that

the children consistently choose the skinny doll over the chubby doll

family members are over involved in each other’s lives, but are affectionate and loyal. this description fits Minuchin’s definition of an

enmeshed family pattern

Salvador Minuchin describes a family system in which members are overly involved in each other’s affairs. it is known as the

enmeshed family pattern

the important contribution to the treatment of eating disorders made by Hilde Bruch combines which theoretical frameworks

psychodynamic and cognitive therapies

what underlies Bruch’s ego deficiency view of eating disorders is a sense of

lack of control over lives and misperceptions of internal cues

Bruch’s research suggests that when people with eating disorders are anxious or upset, they think they are

hungry

support for the idea that mood disorders set the stage for eating disorders comes from evidence that shows

low activity of serotonin

the levels of brain ______ are low in many people with depression and in eating disorders

serotonin

the part of the brain most closely associated with the control of eating and body weight is the

hypothalamus

when and experimenter stimulates a rat’s lateral hypothalamus, the most likely result is

eating

when an experimenter stimulates a hungry rat’s ventromedial hypothalamus, the most probable short-term result is

reduces hunger

according to the weight set point theory, the consequences of dieting to below one’s weight set point are

an increasing urge to binge

a person’s "weight set point" is

the "weight thermostat" responsible for keeping an individual at a particular weight

the first step in treating anorexia nervosa is to

get the person to begin to regain the weight they had lost

the treatment that has been the most popular for restoring weight among anorexic person is

supported nurse care and high calorie diet

anorectic patients receive a gradually increasing diet over the course of several weeks, encouragement, education, and reassurance that they will not become obese. the form of therapy they are receiving is

supportive nurse care

all treatments for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa share the long-term common goal of

addressing the underlying causes of the disorders

if a therapist were trying to help a bulimic patient recognize and change her maladaptive attitudes toward food, weight, eating and body shape, the therapist would most likely be practicing

cognitive therapy

all the treatment methods for bulimia nervosa share the immediate goal of

helping clients to eliminate binge/purge patterns

tanya is a behavioral therapist who exposes bulimic patients to situations that usually cause binge episodes and then prevents them from binge eating. the technique that she is using is called

exposure and response prevention

a therapist who sat with the bulimic patient while the patient ate appropriate quantities of "forbidden" foods, and then stayed until the patient no longer had the urge to purge would be practicing

exposure and response prevention

the medication most helpful in the treatment of bulimia is an

antidepressants: prozac and fluoxetine

relapse for both bulimia and anorexia is most likely triggered by

a new life stress

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