PSY 456 CH 15

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1. (p. 569) "The desire for immortality has its own pitfalls" is a message communicated in a
A. Chinese folktale.
B. Irish legend.
C. Native American proverb.
D. Shamanic tale.

A. Chinese folktale.

2. (p. 569) The message communicated in the Chinese folk tale, The Mortal King, is that
A. life is too short.
B. life is too long.
C. the desire for immortality has pitfalls.
D. the desire for immortality is a worthy but unattainable goal.

C. the desire for immortality has pitfalls.

3. (p. 570) According to Thomas Attig, coming to terms with our finiteness and mortality can be understood as a
A. psychodynamic process.
B. grieving process.
C. mechanism of change.
D. defensive mechanism.

B. grieving process.

4. (p. 570-571) Which of the following advantages are gained by studying death and dying?

1. It can focus attention on the importance of taking care of unfinished business.
2. It helps individuals dissipate feelings of guilt or blame about a loved one’s death.
3. It helps individuals avoid the severe pain of grief.
4. It allows opportunities to explore unexpressed and unresolved grief.

A. 1, 2, and 3
B. 1, 2, and 4
C. 1, 3, and 4
D. 2, 3, and 4

B. 1, 2, and 4

5. (p. 572) The study of death and dying
A. limits opportunities to explore unexpressed and unresolved grief.
B. brings insights causing intense feelings of guilt about a loved one’s death.
C. can be academically intriguing.
D. increases death anxiety and restricts us from coming to terms with our own mortality.

C. can be academically intriguing.

6. (p. 572) Some of the "lessons taught" in death studies are still based on
A. a culturally diverse population.
B. middle-class white population.
C. homeless volunteers and inner-city youth.
D. senior citizens.

B. middle-class white population.

7. (p. 572-573) Which of the following groups is underrepresented in resource materials commonly used in death education courses?
A. Children
B. Ethnic groups and minorities
C. Homeless people
D. Middle class people

B. Ethnic groups and minorities

8. (p. 573) Heritage is best understood by exploring cultural associations, social class, and
A. spirituality.
B. skin color.
C. communities.
D. religion.

A. spirituality.

9. (p. 573) The process by which individuals and systems respond respectfully and effectively to people of all cultures, languages, backgrounds, and other diversity factors in a manner that recognizes, affirms, and values the worth of others and protects and preserves the dignity of each is cultural
A. accommodation.
B. complexity.
C. sensitivity.
D. competence.

D. competence.

10. (p. 574) Although death is fundamentally a __________ fact, socially shaped ideas and assumptions create its meaning.
A. religious
B. biological
C. cultural
D. mystical

B. biological

11. (p. 576) Fritz Roth’s suitcase exhibit was essentially about
A. trips to the otherworld.
B. children packing for an end of life journey.
C. personal mortality.
D. preserving linking objects.

C. personal mortality.

12. (p. 578) According to Dolores Dooley, the Republic of Ireland has been engaged in
A. a national debate about the use of ‘grief clinics.’
B. a national conversation about death and the process of dying.
C. ongoing tension regarding Catholic funeral rites and rituals.
D. legalizing medical marijuana.

B. a national conversation about death and the process of dying.

13. (p. 578) In Italy, Francesco Campione began an organization, Projecto Rivivere, that uses the Internet to
A. help children with death and bereavement.
B. sell funeral goods and services.
C. provide holistic approaches to end-of-life care.
D. promote membership.

A. help children with death and bereavement.

14. (p. 578) Although Australia is familiar with natural disasters, what event occurred to initiate the formalizing of death education and coordinated services?
A. Fritz Roth’s last journey exhibit
B. 1977 Granville train disaster
C. 1980 tsunami in the outer islands
D. death of Mal Cooperin after the opening of the Australian Care Centre

B. 1977 Granville train disaster

15. (p. 579) In which country does the name of the primary death education organization translate as "The Association for Thinking about Life and Death?"
A. Japan
B. Fiji
C. Germany
D. Italy

A. Japan

16. (p. 581) According to John Jordan, what is the bridge over which empirical findings in thanatology can cross into the world of the practitioner?
A. Cultural awareness
B. Clinical experience
C. Theory
D. Opportunities with ill patients

C. Theory

17. (p. 581) According to David Balk, bridging the gap between researchers and practitioners requires
A. dynamic exchange between theory and practice that makes research a useful form of gaining knowledge.
B. step-by-step progression rather than a dynamic process.
C. elimination of the cultural split between thanatologists and therapists.
D. testing practitioners on the literature produced by the researchers.

A. dynamic exchange between theory and practice that makes research a useful form of gaining knowledge.

18. (p. 581) "Compassionate cities," a term coined by Allan Kellehear, denotes a model of public health that encourages
A. community participation in end-of-life care.
B. care limited to hospice and palliative care.
C. federal government involvement in funeral practices and aftercare.
D. death education geared towards professionals.

A. community participation in end-of-life care.

19. (p. 581-583) What is an innovative public health program that recognizes the need for community involvement, commitment, and consideration of death as a fact of life?
A. Golden Acres
B. The Path Ahead
C. City of Positive Journeys
D. Compassionate Cities

D. Compassionate Cities

20. (p. 583) Which of the following are defining characteristics of a "compassionate city?"

1. A strong commitment to social and cultural differences
2. Offers inhabitants a close circle of secure support without interference from outsiders
3. Meets special needs of the aged, those living with life threatening illness, and those living with loss
4. Preserves and promotes spiritual traditions and storytellers

A. 1, 2, and 3
B. 1, 2, and 4
C. 1, 3, and 4
D. 2, 3, and 4

C. 1, 3, and 4

21. (p. 584) Herman Feifel is quoted as saying that the death awareness movement has
A. little effect in broadening our grasp of the phenomenology of illness.
B. little to say about the vitality if human responses to loss.
C. desensitized us to our common humanity, which is all too eroded in the present world.
D. helped humanize medical relationships and health care.

D. helped humanize medical relationships and health care.

22. (p. 584) In commenting on the messages of care for the dying promoted by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Dame Cicely Saunders, and Mother Teresa of Calcutta, Robert Fulton and Greg Owen remark that this message is also about
A. correcting financial and economic imbalances that affect people throughout the world.
B. expanding medical services to large numbers of people who are in populations that are underserved.
C. essential religious and spiritual values that extend beyond the immediate goal of care for the dying.
D. focusing on care of the bereaved and initiating more humane ways of providing funeral services.

C. essential religious and spiritual values that extend beyond the immediate goal of care for the dying.

23. (p. 584-585) The "Get Rolling Stone until you die" advertisement is used in the text to make the point that
A. death imagery exists in the media.
B. one should live life to the fullest.
C. drug abuse may lead to death.
D. pop culture supports thanatology.

A. death imagery exists in the media.

24. (p. 585-586) The shoe advertisement shown in the text illustrates
A. how death is a universal concept.
B. how death is socially acceptable.
C. death imagery in advertising design.
D. how distasteful and unregulated some advertising can be.

C. death imagery in advertising design.

25. (p. 587) What is a potential downside of humanizing death and dying?
A. Circumstances surrounding death are brought into the personal domain of the individuals and families who are closest to a particular death.
B. Traditional customs and practices are being revived in new ways.
C. It may minimize and devalue death.
D. Death is not seen as a foe to be vanquished or fought to the bitter end.

C. It may minimize and devalue death.

26. (p. 587) In considering various ways of defining a "good death," which of the following statements about ancient Greece is true?
A. Dying at a young age was considered a misfortune, whereas in our society we want to "live hard and die young."
B. Dying at a young age was considered exceptional luck, whereas in our society it is considered a misfortune.
C. People did not treasure their young the way we do.
D. People believed that when a person died young they were in a properly sanctified state and this resulted in a good death.

B. Dying at a young age was considered exceptional luck, whereas in our society it is considered a misfortune.

27. (p. 587) In ancient Greece, it was considered exceptional luck to die
A. in battle or as a martyr.
B. at an old age with a large family.
C. young, in the fullness of one’s creative energies.
D. during a self-chosen time of solitude.

C. young, in the fullness of one’s creative energies.

28. (p. 588) According to Robert Kastenbaum, which of the following constitutes the good death?

1. It affirms significant personal relationships.
2. It is transfiguring and enacts the highest values.
3. It finally ends the long, contemplative journey.
4. It is coherent and the final phase of a good life.

A. 1, 2, and 3
B. 2, 3, and 4
C. 1, 2, and 4
D. 1, 3, and 4

C. 1, 2, and 4

29. (p. 588) One component of a "good death" is the affirmation of the whole person. This involves
A. empowering the dying person by striving for clear communication.
B. the entire family being present at the time of death if they choose.
C. seeing the dying person not as a disease but in the context of his or her life.
D. publication of a comprehensive obituary or life-review.

C. seeing the dying person not as a disease but in the context of his or her life.

30. (p. 589) An alternative way of defining a good death has been offered by Stu Farber and his colleagues. They propose the term __________ death and define it as a nonjudgmental relationship emphasizing the mutuality of caregivers and patients.
A. transfiguring
B. compassionate
C. respectful
D. interpersonal

C. respectful

31. (p. 589) Which of the following are included in the concept of an appropriate death?

1. Minimal pain and suffering
2. Respecting one’s preferences
3. Resolving conflicts
4. Long productive life

A. 1, 2, and 3
B. 1, 2, and 4
C. 1, 3, and 4
D. 2, 3, and 4

A. 1, 2, and 3

32. (p. 589) According to Avery Weisman, what is the first step required in order to achieve an appropriate death?
A. Rid ourselves of the notion that death is appropriate.
B. Rid ourselves of the notion that death is never appropriate.
C. Determine what we need to do to have an appropriate death.
D. Determine how to define an appropriate death.

B. Rid ourselves of the notion that death is never appropriate.

33. (p. 590) Natural, expected, honorable, and rueful are among the "criteria for a good death" suggested by
A. Robert Kastenbaum.
B. Edwin Shneidman.
C. Stu Farber.
D. William Wendt.

B. Edwin Shneidman.

34. (p. 590) Edwin Shneidman suggests that the good death focuses not just on the person’s dying, but also on the
A. final phase of life.
B. the person’s post-self.
C. significant personal relationships.
D. the completion of life’s tasks.

B. the person’s post-self.

35. (p. 591) What is the term used for individuals who live beyond 100 years?
A. Centurians
B. Octogenarians
C. Centenarians
D. Crestenarians

C. Centenarians

36. (p. 592-593) In contemplating death in the future, which of the following is likely to demand the greatest attention from individuals and societies?
A. Older population
B. Increase in birthrate
C. Reduction in time for funerals
D. Younger population

A. Older population

37. (p. 594) In Japan, high-rise cemeteries exist because
A. people prefer to be entombed close to the heavens and God.
B. burial space is subject to strict zoning laws.
C. 21st century people prefer modern burial accommodations.
D. burial space is at a premium.

D. burial space is at a premium.

38. (p. 594) Which of the following is an example of a specialized support and advocacy group?
A. The Mortal Kings
B. Sibs in Sync
C. Parents of Murdered Children
D. Will-Lee’s Dream

C. Parents of Murdered Children

39. (p. 595) The premise of Kit Reed’s story, Golden Acres, is that
A. people should enjoy relaxed, leisurely lives in their old age.
B. elderly people prefer to live in rural, rather than urban, environments.
C. elderly people occupy a large proportion of the population and overcrowding may lead to life-or-death decisions.
D. people should be allowed to die a natural death in familiar surroundings when they reach the end of their lifespan.

C. elderly people occupy a large proportion of the population and overcrowding may lead to life-or-death decisions.

40. (p. 595) Poet Gary Snyder has called attention to the loss of a
A. parent.
B. culture.
C. species.
D. history.

C. species.

41. (p. 596) Many people who complete a course in death and dying find that
A. their anxieties about death have not changed.
B. they are now prepared to confront grief and put it behind them.
C. their explorations have consequences for living that had not been foreseen when they first signed up for the course.
D. they are interested in a career in thanatology.

C. their explorations have consequences for living that had not been foreseen when they first signed up for the course.

42. (p. 597) Death awareness creates an added dimension to living by bringing us into the present and serving as a reminder of
A. things left undone.
B. the importance of family.
C. the precious precariousness of life.
D. our past heritage.

C. the precious precariousness of life.

43. (p. 571) Death education can result in insights that help dissipate or resolve long-held feelings of guilt.

TRUE

44. (p. 573-574) Language reveals a great deal about personal and cultural attitudes towards death.

TRUE

45. (p. 580) Practitioners in the area of end-of-life care and bereavement typically make thorough use of thanatological research and integrate it into their practice.

FALSE

46. (p. 581) The goal of a "compassionate city" is essentially concerned with hospice and palliative care.

FALSE

47. (p. 581-583) Care of the dying as normal and routine and an emphasis on the importance of community relationships both relate to the ideal of creating compassionate cities.

TRUE

48. (p. 589) Edwin Shneidman was a respected thanatologist and suicidologist.

TRUE

49. (p. 590) After Charles Lindbergh’s lymphoma diagnosis, he viewed his life as "an ill-timed disease" and strongly considered physician-assisted suicide.

FALSE

50. (p. 591) Kastenbaum says that the good death is simply the final phase of good living, good aging, good care, and not-so-good luck.

FALSE

51. (p. 593) During the next two decades, the number of persons age 65 and over in the United States is expected to finally decrease.

FALSE

52. (p. 593) The trend of ceremonies moving from day to night and weekday to weekend is an alteration that has developed in the funeral industry as a result of social change.

TRUE

53. (p. 594) The Internet has not had any significant effect on the availability of death, dying, and bereavement resources.

FALSE

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