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MUS189 Final- Module 8, MUSIC CH 49 DEBUSSY, Music Test 2

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Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" does NOT feature _____.

accented rhythmic drive

Impressionist composers often made use of a strongly accented meter. (T/F)

false

Impressionist composers used various non-Western scale patterns in their works. (T/F)

true

Programmatic music was discontinued in the Impressionist period. (T/F)

false

The Paris World Exposition of 1889 provided French composers the opportunity to hear various musical ensembles from around the world. (T/F)

true

The overall form of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" is best described as _____.

ternary (ABA)

The program of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" concerns a _____.

mythical creature in a dreamlike state

The whole-tone scale was a favored device of Impressionist composers. (T/F)

true

Which best describes the character of the opening theme of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun"?

chromatic and with a free rhythm

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Impressionist music?

large-scale forms

Dissonances do not always resolve to consonances in twentieth-century music. (T/F)

true

In Schoenberg’s Pierrot lunaire, Pierrot is a(n) _____.

troubled clown

Schoenberg devised a new way to organize sound called the "twelve-tone" method. (T/F)

true

Schoenberg employed Sprechstimme, or speechlike melody in his Pierrot lunaire. (T/F)

true

Schoenberg’s Pierrot lunaire is associated with the twentieth-century arts movement known as _____.

expressionism

The German word Sprechstimme means _____.

speechlike melody

The character Pierrot from Schoenberg’s Pierrot lunaire derives from an early Japanese theatrical comedy genre. (T/F)

false

The twenty-one poems used in Pierrot lunaire are all in virelai form. (T/F)

false

Which of the following composers was NOT a student of Arnold Schoenberg?

Leonard Bernstein

Stravinsky included authentic French folk songs in his ballet The Rite of Spring.Which of the following is NOT associated with Arnold Schoenberg?

impressionism (atonality Sprechstimme Klangfarbenmelodie)

Stravinsky included authentic French folk songs in his ballet The Rite of Spring. (T/F)

false

Stravinsky is largely recognized for his revitalizing of which musical element?

rhythm

Stravinsky’s early works are considered to be strongly nationalistic. (T/F)

true

The ideals of which movement best describes the music of The Rite of Spring?

primitivism

The orchestra that Stravinsky used in The Rite of Spring was remarkably small. (T/F)

false

The premiere of The Rite of Spring was uneventful in Paris. (T/F)

false

The premiere success of the Ballets Russes was largely due to the leadership of Serge Diaghilev. (T/F)

true

What is the basis of Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring?

scenes of pagan Russia

Which of the following was NOT associated with the Ballets Russes of Serge Diaghilev?

Dostoyevsky

Which instrument begins with the melody in the introduction to The Rite of Spring, playing in its upper-most range?

bassoon

Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" does NOT feature _____.

a. chromaticism b. accented rhythmic drive c. homophonic texture d. antique cymbals IncorrectFEEDBACK: See p. 280. Difficulty – Hard Feedback The correct answer is: accented rhythmic drive

The overall form of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" is best described as _____.

a. sonata-allegro b. rondeau c. ternary (A-B-A’) d. theme and variations Feedback The correct answer is: ternary (A-B-A’)

The program of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" concerns a _____.

a. mythological creature in a dreamlike state b. baby deer just finding its legs c. magic ring that brings bad luck to its owner d. mythological creature who meets school-age children in war-torn Britain Feedback The correct answer is: mythological creature in a dreamlike state

Which best describes the character of the opening theme of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun"?

Select one: a. Chromatic and with a free rhythm b. Diatonic and dancelike c. Disjunct and forceful Feedback The correct answer is: Chromatic and with a free rhythm

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Impressionist music?

a. Pentatonic scales b. Rich orchestral color c. Unresolved dissonances d. Large-scale forms Feedback The correct answer is: Large-scale forms

impressionist composers often made use of a strongly accented meter.

F

mpressionist composers used various non-Western scale patterns in their works.

T

Programmatic music was discontinued in the Impressionist period.

F

The Paris World Exposition of 1889 provided French composers the opportunity to hear various musical ensembles from around the world.

T

The whole-tone scale was a favored device of Impressionist composers.

T

The opera Madame Butterfly is set in:

japan

Japan’s two hundred years of isolation ended when the US Navy arrived in 1854, lead by ___________.

commeddo perry

Japanese folk melodies are often built on a five note or _____________ scale.

pentatonic

Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly focuses on the heroine, a former geisha.

true

Late Romantic ideals were carried into the post-Romantic era both through the Italian operatic tradition as witnessed in Puccini and by German composers Strauss and Mahler, both of whom were noted for their orchestral writing.

The movement of verismo focused on the imaginative/fantastic.

false

Which of the following operas is considered part of the verismo tradition?

Puccini’s Tosca Leoncavallo’s I Pagliacci Puccini’s La bohème

Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly is considered exotic due to its setting and plot.

true

Puccini found his inspiration for Madame Butterfly after visiting Tokyo and viewing a traditional play there.

false

Which of the following is a post-Romantic composer?

Richard Strauss Giacomo Puccini Gustav Mahler

In order to marry her American love, Cio-Cio-San, in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly, renounces her role as a ________________.

geisha

The nineteenth-century trend towards evoking a culture outside the composer’s in opera was known as:

exotism

The characteristics of post-Romanticism were not found in works from Italy.

false

What specific musical technique did Puccini borrow from Wagner in his Madame Butterfly?

leitomis

The nineteenth-century trend towards realism in opera was known as:

verismo

Puccini makes reference to the music of which culture in Madame Butterfly?

Japanese usa

The single melody of the solo violin at the opening of "Un bel dì" from Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is evocative of:

the clear lines

Which instruments did Puccini use in Madame Butterfly to evoke the Japanese gagaku orchestra?

flute harp bells piccolo

A Lied is an art song for solo voice and piano sung in _____.

German

A song form in which the same melody is repeated for each stanza, often heard in popular music, is known as _____.

strophic form

A song form that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in which form?

Through-composed form

According to legend, a child touched by the Elfking must die.

false

Most Lied composers wrote their own words for the song.

false

Romantic Lieder texts often speak of love and/or nature.

false

The piano was declining in popularity at the time of the Romantic Lied.

false

Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

true

What is unusual about the ending of the song In the Lovely Month of May?

It does not cadence on the tonic.

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Robert Schumann’s In the Lovely Month of May?

It is in through-composed form.

Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was the most famous of Foster’s songs during his lifetime.

false

Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is primarily composed in what texture?

homophonic

Foster’s My Old Kentucky Home was inspired by _____.

his extensive visits to the American South

Music in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century America was wildly divergent from European traditions.

false

Nineteenth-century parlor music in the United States was written to be accessible to amateurs.

true

Nineteenth-century songwriters in the United States combined elements of all of the following EXCEPT _____.

film music

Stephen Foster is known for his ballads, minstrel show tunes, and plantation songs.

true

The music that accompanies the lyrics of Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair reflects Foster’s Anglo-Irish cultural heritage.

true

Which of the following songs was NOT written by Stephen Foster?

coal black rose

Which of the following was a type of racially charged theatrical variety show in the United States in the nineteenth century?

minstrel show

After his conservatory studies, Chopin spent most of his productive career in _____.

France

Chopin was romantically involved with George Sand, the renowned French _____.

novelist

Romantic-era piano works often had fanciful titles.

true

The nineteenth century was an age of great virtuoso pianists.

true

The piano changed little technically during the nineteenth century.

false

The piano was the most central instrument in nineteenth-century musical culture.

true

The short, lyric piano work might be considered the instrumental equivalent to the nineteenth-century Lied.

true

What best describes the character of Chopin’s Mazurka?

dancelike

Which genre is NOT a part of Chopin’s compositional output?

string quartets

Which is the best definition of "tempo rubato"?

"Robbed" time

A lost manuscript of music by Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, in her own handwriting, that contained September: At the River was discovered in _____.

1989

After her marriage, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was responsible for _____.

organizing the family Sunday salon concerts

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was enthusiastically encouraged to pursue a musical career by her family.

false

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel wrote several large-scale works as well as many Lieder.

true

In the recently discovered manuscript of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, poetry of which nineteenth-century poet was included _____.

Goethe

The concept of "river" in September: At the River by Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel is expressed by _____.

quick moving notes that accompany the melody

Which role was NOT generally acceptable for women in Romantic society?

conductor

Women in nineteenth-century Europe could not receive training in music.

false

Women in nineteenth-century Europe were expected to have refined musical skills.

true

Women played a critical role in music-making activities of the nineteenth century, except as teachers.

false

Gottschalk began playing piano late in his life.

false

Gottschalk wrote piano works based on North American musical traditions.

true

Gottschalk’s The Banjo anticipates the syncopated piano style of ragtime.

true

In his piece The Banjo, how does Gottschalk evoke, musically, the idea of the title?

He simulates banjo strumming and picking on the piano.

In which American city did Louis Gottschalk grow up?

New Orleans

In which country was Franz Liszt born?

Hungary

Liszt was an admirer of the virtuoso violinist, Niccolò Paganini.

true

The nineteenth century was an age of great virtuoso pianists.

true

Which of the following does NOT characterize Louis Gottschalk’s piano music?

Distinctly European in style

Which of the following is considered the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?

Louis Moreau Gottschalk

Berlioz was a devoted fan of Beethoven.

true

Hector Berlioz looked to the writings of Shakespeare as the basis for both operas and symphonic works.

true

In the nineteenth century Theobald Boehm improved the flute, making it metal rather than wood.

true

In which movement is the Dies irae (Day of Wrath) theme from the Mass for the Dead heard?

the fifth

Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is absolute music.

false

Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called _____.

program music

Once Adophe Sax developed the saxophone, it became a permanent and popular part of orchestral music.

false

The inspiration for Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique was _____.

the actress Harriet Smithson

The main theme, heard transformed in each movement of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, is called the _____.

idée fixe

Which of the following did NOT make improved instruments possible in the nineteenth century?

Household electrification

Censors did not concern themselves with political representation in nineteenth-century operas.

false

Edvard Grieg represents the _____ nationalist school.

Scandinavian

Hector Berlioz invented the symphonic poem.

false

In the twenty-first century, composers do not write nationalistic works.

false

In writing Peer Gynt, with which playwright did Grieg collaborate?

Henrik Ibsen

Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called program music.

true

Nationalistic program music might evoke a landscape.

true

Tchaikovsky’s music for Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is a famous example of _____.

program overture

Which category of program music best describes Grieg’s Peer Gynt?

incidental music

Which of the following was NOT a way that programmatic composers portrayed nationalistic sentiments in nineteenth-century music?

Utilizing ritornello form

Brahms wrote his Requiem mass in memory of _____.

his mother

How many symphonies did Brahms write?

4

The Romantic symphony featured an orchestra larger than that of the Classical masters.

true

The Romantic symphony follows the exact forms and proportions of the Classical genre of Beethoven.

false

The first movement of a Romantic symphony is usually the most dramatic and features the use of sonata-allegro form.

true

The scherzo movement in nineteenth-century symphonies generally is characterized by a slow march tempo.

false

The third movement of a nineteenth-century symphony is most likely in _____ form.

dance or scherzo

Unlike the symphonic poem the genre of symphony is often absolute music, without a program.

true

Which composer nurtured Brahms’s talents, going as far as taking him into his home?

Robert Schumann

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the nineteenth-century symphony?

Small orchestra with limited winds

Rigoletto is an opera based on Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

false

After her husband’s composing career began to flourish, Giuseppina Strepponi enjoyed continued success as an opera singer into her last years.

false

Giuseppe Verdi viewed himself as an Italian nationalist composer.

true

In the nineteenth century, opera excerpts were NOT marketed to domestic consumers via _____.

radio broadcasts

Jenny Lind was a famous nineteenth-century composer of opera.

false

Nineteenth-century Italian opera is characterized by the use of the bel canto style of singing.

true

The American debut tour of international singing sensation Jenny Lind was managed by _____.

P. T. Barnum

The literary basis for Verdi’s Rigoletto is _____.

a play by Victor Hugo

Which is NOT a Verdi opera based on a Shakespeare play?

Aida

Which of these operas exhibited the high point of the singing style known as bel canto?

Rossini’s Il barbiere di Siviglia

After considerable success in Dresden with Rienzi, Wagner began to choose subjects derived from Germanic tales.

true

Germany is noted for its long-established opera traditions.

false

Light German opera featuring spoken dialogue is called _____.

Singspiel

The role of the Valkyries was to carry fallen heroes from the battlefield to Valhalla on their winged horses.

true

Wagner employed recurring themes called idées fixes in his operas.

false

Wagner had a theater built at Bayreuth specifically for the performance of his music dramas.

true

What did Wagner call his large-scale sung theatrical works?

music drama

What is the basis for the story of Die Walküre?

A medieval German epic poem

Which leitmotif did Wagner NOT use in the closing scene of Act III in Die Walküre?

Zoroaster

Which term refers to Wagner’s concept of a total artwork, encompassing all the arts?

Gesamtkunstwerk

The Nutcracker was based on a story originally written by the Romantic writer Victor Hugo and expanded by E. T. A. Hoffman.

false

Ballet has been a part of theatrical entertainments since the Renaissance.

true

Ballet was first featured in Russian opera in the Romantic era.

false

Nadezhda von Meck’s relationship with Tchaikovsky was that of his _____.

patron

Tchaikovsky was the first Russian _____.

whose music appealed to Western tastes

Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker was choreographed by Marius Petipa.

true

The pas de deux, or dance for two, was developed by the choreographer Marius Petipa.

true

The overall structure of both the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy and the Trepak from Tchaikovksy’s Nutcracker is best outlined as _____.

ABA

Which new instrument did Tchaikovsky introduce to ballet?

Celesta

Which of the following was NOT a famous ballet written by Tchaikovsky?

Romeo and Juliet

Puccini found his inspiration for Madame Butterfly after visiting Tokyo and viewing a traditional play there.

false

Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly focuses on the heroine, a former geisha.

true

Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly is considered exotic due to its setting and plot.

true

What specific musical technique did Puccini borrow from Wagner in his Madame Butterfly?

Use of leitmotifs

The characteristics of post-Romanticism were not found in works from Italy.

false

The movement of verismo focused on the imaginative/fantastic.

false

The nineteenth-century trend toward realism in opera was known as _____.

verismo

The opera Madame Butterfly is set in _____.

Japan

Which of the following is NOT a Germanic post-Romantic composer?

Gustav Holst

Which of the following operas is NOT considered part of the verismo tradition?

Verdi’s Aida

Fauré composed his Requiem over the span of a single summer.

false

Fauré’s original ensemble plan for his Requiem was a(n) _____.

small chamber orchestra

French Romantic-era song composers were drawn to the poets of which movement?

symbolist

In his Requiem Fauré included nonstandard versions of traditional liturgical texts.

true

In the nineteenth century sacred music was not an important genre in France.

false

The French mélodie was inspired by the songs of Schubert.

true

The French Romantic mélodie parallels the German Lied tradition.

true

The French song genre that paralleled the German Lied in the nineteenth century was the _____.

Mélodie

What language did Fauré choose for the text of his Requiem?

latin

Which of the following is NOT considered a Symbolist poet?

Thoreau

Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" does NOT feature _____.

accented rhythmic drive

Impressionist composers often made use of a strongly accented meter.

false

Impressionist composers used various non-Western scale patterns in their works.

true

Programmatic music was discontinued in the Impressionist period.

false

The Paris World Exposition of 1889 provided French composers the opportunity to hear various musical ensembles from around the world.

true

The overall form of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" is best described as _____.

ternary (A-B-A’)

The program of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" concerns a _____.

mythological creature in a dreamlike state

The whole-tone scale was a favored device of Impressionist composers.

true

Which best describes the character of the opening theme of Debussy’s Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun"?

Chromatic and with a free rhythm

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Impressionist music?

Large-scale forms

Swing Low, Sweet Chariot became a favorite tune of which college-level performing group?

Fisk Jubilee Singers

Art-song arrangements of African American spirituals were an important part of which cultural movement?

Harlem Renaissance

At the turn of the 1800s camp meetings in the United States were not segregated by cultural background.

true

Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, was established as a college for freed slaves.

true

Spirituals fell out of circulation after the Civil War in the United States.

false

The singing of spirituals offered the slave community a sense of solidarity.

true

The style and structure of African American spirituals were in strict imitation of European models.

false

The texture of African American spirituals is best described as _____.

monophonic with some heterophonic elaboration

What scale is utilized in Swing Low, Sweet Chariot?

Pentatonic

Which European composer was an early supporter of African American musical styles like the spiritual?

Dvorák

Adolphe Sax was a famous musical instrument inventor who positively affected bands in the United States.

true

America’s vernacular traditions also included music for brass bands.

true

Before recorded music was widespread, music like the rags of Scott Joplin could be mechanically performed by _____.

player pianos

Rags, like marches, are structured in regular, duple-meter sections known as _____, each of which is usually repeated

strains

Scott Joplin is considered the "March King."

false

Scott Joplin is one of the first African American composers to receive wide recognition.

true

Scott Joplin won the Pulitzer Prize posthumously for _____.

Treemonisha

The United States Marine Band has a history dating back to the eighteenth century.

true

The work that is considered to be Scott Joplin’s most famous is his _____.

Maple Leaf Rag

Which of the following does NOT describe the style of ragtime?

No repetition in each rag

The Nutcracker was based on a story originally written by the Romantic writer Victor Hugo and expanded by E. T. A. Hoffman.

false

Ballet has been a part of theatrical entertainments since the Renaissance.

true

Ballet was first featured in Russian opera in the Romantic era.

false

Nadezhda von Meck’s relationship with Tchaikovsky was that of his _____.

patron

Tchaikovsky was the first Russian _____.

whose music appealed to Western tastes

Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker was choreographed by Marius Petipa.

true

The pas de deux, or dance for two, was developed by the choreographer Marius Petipa.

true

The overall structure of both the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy and the Trepak from Tchaikovksy’s Nutcracker is best outlined as _____.

ABA

Which new instrument did Tchaikovsky introduce to ballet?

celesta

Which of the following was NOT a famous ballet written by Tchaikovsky?

Romeo and Juliet

The pas de deux, or dance for two, was developed by the choreographer Marius Petipa.

true

Tchaikovsky was a famous composer from __________.

russia

Which best describes the tempo in Tchaikovsky’s Trepak from The Nutcracker?

begins

In which countries was nineteenth-century ballet favored as an independent dramatic form?

france russia

Which best describes the dynamics in Tchaikovsky’s Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy from The Nutcracker?

mezzo

Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker was choreographed by Marius Petipa.

true

The eighteenth century saw the rise of ballet as an independent art form. French ballet was preeminent in the early nineteenth century then Russian ballet flourished.

Nedezhda von Meck’s relationship with Tchaikovsky was that of his:

patron

the overall structure of both the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy and the Trepak from Tchaikovsky’s Nutcracker is best outlined as:

aba

During which holiday season is Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker performed every year?

christmas

Ballet was first featured in Russian opera in the Romantic era.

false

The Nutcracker was based on a story originally written by the Romantic writer Victor Hugo and expanded by E. T. A. Hoffman.

false

Ballet has been a part of theatrical entertainments since the Renaissance.

true

.Tchaikovsky was the first Russian:

whose

Which new instrument did Tchaikovsky introduce to ballet?

celesta

In the second act of Tchaikovsky’s ballet The Nutcracker

visit land sweet

after considerable success in dresden withe "rienzi", wagner began to choose subjects derived from germanic tales. t/f

true

germany is noted for its long- established opera traditions. t/f

false

light german opera featuring spoken dialogue is called ____.

singspiel

the role of the valkyries was to carry fallen heroes from the battlefield to valhalla on the winged horses. t/f

true

wagner employed recurring themes called "idees fixes" in his operas. t/f

false

wagner had a theater built at Bayreuth specifically for the performance of his music dramas. t/f

true

what did wagner call his large-scale sung theatrical works?

music drama

what is the basis for the story of "die walkure"?

a medieval german epic poem

which leitmotif did wagner not use in the closing scene of act 3 in "die walkure"?

zoroaster

which term refers to wagner’s concept of a total artwork, encompassing all the arts?

gesamtkunstwerk

Rigoletto is an opera based on Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

false, 250 H

After her husband’s composing career began to flourish, Giuseppina Strepponi enjoyed continued success as an opera singer into her last years

false, Strepponi’s career faded as her husband Verdi’s flourished

Giuseppe Verdi viewed himself as an Italian nationalist composer.

true

In the nineteenth century, opera excerpts were NOT marketed to domestic consumers via _____.

radio broadcasts (NOT four-hand piano arrangements, wind band medleys, or voice and guitar arrangements)

Jenny Lind was a famous nineteenth-century composer of opera.

false, she sang operas but did not compose them

Nineteenth-century Italian opera is characterized by the use of the bel canto style of singing.

true

The American debut tour of international singing sensation Jenny Lind was managed by _____.

P.T. Barnum

The literary basis for Verdi’s Rigoletto is _____.

a play by Victor Hugo

Which is NOT a Verdi opera based on a Shakespeare play?

Aida

Which of these operas exhibited the high point of the singing style known as bel canto?

Rossini’s Il barbiere di Siviglia

Brahms wrote his Requiem mass in memory of _____.

his mother

How many symphonies did Brahms write?

Four

The Romantic symphony featured an orchestra larger than that of the Classical masters.

True

The Romantic symphony follows the exact forms and proportions of the Classical genre of Beethoven.

False

The first movement of a Romantic symphony is usually the most dramatic and features the use of sonata-allegro form.

True

The scherzo movement in nineteenth-century symphonies generally is characterized by a slow march tempo.

False

The third movement of a nineteenth-century symphony is most likely in _____ form.

dance or scherzo

Unlike the symphonic poem the genre of symphony is often absolute music, without a program.

True

Which composer nurtured Brahms’s talents, going as far as taking him into his home?

Robert Schumman

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the nineteenth-century symphony?

Small orchestra with limited winds

Censors did not concern themselves with political representation in nineteenth-century operas.

False

Edvard Grieg represents the _____ nationalist school.

Scandinavian

Hector Berlioz invented the symphonic poem.

False

In the twenty-first century, composers do not write nationalistic works.

False

In writing Peer Gynt, with which playwright did Grieg collaborate?

Henrik Ibsen

Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called program music.

True

Nationalistic program music might evoke a landscape.

True

Tchaikovsky’s music for Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is a famous example of _____.

Program overture

Which category of program music best describes Grieg’s Peer Gynt?

Incidental music

Which of the following was NOT a way that programmatic composers portrayed nationalistic sentiments in nineteenth-century music?

Utilizing ritornello form

Berlioz was a devoted fan of Beethoven.

True

Hector Berlioz looked to the writings of Shakespeare as the basis for both operas and symphonic works.

True

In the nineteenth century Theobald Boehm improved the flute, making it metal rather than wood.

True

In which movement is the Dies irae (Day of Wrath) theme from the Mass for the Dead heard?

The fifth

Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is absolute music.

False

Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called _____.

Program music

Once Adophe Sax developed the saxophone, it became a permanent and popular part of orchestral music.

False

The inspiration for Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique was _____.

The actress Harriet Smithson

The main theme, heard transformed in each movement of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, is called the _____.

idée fixe

Which of the following did NOT make improved instruments possible in the nineteenth century?

Household electrification

Gottschalk began playing piano late in his life.

False

Gottschalk wrote piano works based on North American musical traditions.

True

Gottschalk’s The Banjo anticipates the syncopated piano style of ragtime.

True

In his piece The Banjo, how does Gottschalk evoke, musically, the idea of the title?

He simulates banjo strumming and picking on the piano.

In which American city did Louis Gottschalk grow up?

New Orleans

In which country was Franz Liszt born?

Hungary

Liszt was an admirer of the virtuoso violinist, Niccolò Paganini.

True

The nineteenth century was an age of great virtuoso pianists.

True

Which of the following does NOT characterize Louis Gottschalk’s piano music?

Distinctly European in style

Which of the following is considered the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?

Louis Moreau Gottschalk

A lost manuscript of music by Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, in her own handwriting, that contained September: At the River was discovered in _____.

1989

After her marriage, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was responsible for _____.

organizing the family Sunday salon concerts

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was enthusiastically encouraged to pursue a musical career by her family.

False

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel wrote several large-scale works as well as many Lieder.

True

In the recently discovered manuscript of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, poetry of which nineteenth-century poet was included _____.

Goethe

The concept of "river" in September: At the River by Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel is expressed by _____.

quick moving notes that accompany the melody

Which role was NOT generally acceptable for women in Romantic society?

Conductor

Women in nineteenth-century Europe could not receive training in music.

False

Women in nineteenth-century Europe were expected to have refined musical skills.

True

Women played a critical role in music-making activities of the nineteenth century, except as teachers.

False

After his conservatory studies, Chopin spent most of his productive career in _____.

France

Chopin was romantically involved with George Sand, the renowned French _____.

novelist

Romantic-era piano works often had fanciful titles.

True

The nineteenth century was an age of great virtuoso pianists.

True

The piano changed little technically during the nineteenth century.

False

The piano was the most central instrument in nineteenth-century musical culture.

True

The short, lyric piano work might be considered the instrumental equivalent to the nineteenth-century Lied.

True

What best describes the character of Chopin’s Mazurka?

Dancelike

Which genre is NOT a part of Chopin’s compositional output?

String quartets

Which is the best definition of "tempo rubato"?

"Robbed" time

false

"jeanie with the light brown hair" was the most famous of foster’s songs during his lifetime.

homophonic

foster’s "jeanie with light brown hair" is primarily composed in what texture?

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin

foster’s "my old kentucky home" was inspired by ______.

false

music in 18th and early 19th century america was wildly divergent from european traditions.

true

19th century parlor music in the US was written to be accessible to amateurs.

film music

19th century songwriters in the US combined elements of all of the following except _________.

true

stephen foster is inwon for his ballads, minstrel show tunes, and plantation songs.

true

the music that accompanies the lyrics of "jeanie with the light brown hair" reflects foster’s anglo- irish cultural heritage.

coal black rose

which of the following songs was not written by stephen foster?

minstrel show

which of the following was a type of racially charged theatrical variety show in the US in the 19th century?

german

A Lied is an art song for solo voice and piano sung in _____. Latin French Italian German

strophic form

A song form in which the same melody is repeated for each stanza, often heard in popular music, is known as _____. strophic form modified strophic form through-composed form bar form

Through-composed form

A song form that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in which form? Strophic form Modified strophic form Through-composed form Bar form

false

According to legend, a child touched by the Elfking must die. True False

false

Most Lied composers wrote their own words for the song. True False

false

Romantic Lieder texts often speak of love and/or nature. True False

false

The piano was declining in popularity at the time of the Romantic Lied. True False

true

Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. True False

It does not cadence on the tonic.

What is unusual about the ending of the song In the Lovely Month of May? It does not cadence on the tonic. It is highly dissonant. The piano drops out.

It is in through-composed form.

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Robert Schumann’s In the Lovely Month of May? It is in strophic form. It is in through-composed form. The poetry was written by Heine. It is for solo voice and piano.

musicians and composers achieved a higher social status during the romantic era than they had in the classical era. t/f

true

nationalistic feelings inspired composers to incorporate folk songs and dances from their native lands into their works. t/f

true

niccolo paganini was a _______.

virtuoso violinist

romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other excessive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to music. t/f

false

the bohemian artist adhered to the social norms of the establishment

false

the french revolution fostered the rise of a middle class society. t/f

true

the french revolution signaled the transfer of power from the hereditary landholding aristocracy to the _______.

middle class

the large size of the romantic orchestra resulted in the need for a _______.

conductor

which of the following is not typical of romantic music?

smaller orchestras

which of the following was not a new instrument added to the romantic orchestra?

french horn

Orchestration was of little value in nineteenth-century composition.

False

Which is NOT a new instrument added to the Romantic orchestra?

french horn

Romantic harmony is best described as:

chromatic and treated expressively.

Symphonies by Romantic composers are shorter than those of the Classical era.

false

Romantic composers rarely used dynamic markings and other expressive comments in their scores to communicate their intentions to musicians.

false

Romantic melody is best described as:

lyrical and singable

Who was NOT a woman composer of the Romantic era?

George Sand

Music conservatories appeared in the Americas in the nineteenth century.

true

Nineteenth-century composers sought to make their instruments "sing."

true

The Industrial Revolution produced more refined, but also more expensive, musical instruments.

false

Niccolò Paganini was:

a virtuoso violinist

Musicians and composers achieved a higher social status during the Romantic era than in the Classical era.

true

Which of the following is NOT typical of Romantic music?

smaller orchestras

Which of the following women was critical to the success of Chopin?

George Sand

Nationalistic feelings inspired composers to incorporate folk songs and dances from their native lands into their works.

true

Which is NOT considered a work with an "exotic" narrative?

moldau

Tchaikovsky’s music for the Nutcracker ballet is entirely nationalistic.

false

Which role did women NOT generally play in Romantic society?

conductors

Adolphe Sax was a famous inventor of musical instruments who revolutionized the key mechanisms on brass instruments.

true

The French Revolution fostered the rise of a middle-class society.

true

Which of the following works was inspired by a painting?

Liszt’s Faust

Robert Schuman was a composer as well as a:

pianist, conductor, and critic

latin

In which language is Mozart’s Dies irae from Requiem written? Latin French German Italian

false

Mozart did not write for solo singers in his Requiem. True False

true

Mozart’s Requiem is a sacred piece of music. True False

false

Mozart’s Requiem is an example of a Classical-era oratorio. True False

true

Mozart’s Requiem was the composer’s last work and was left incomplete. True False

true

The last part of Requiem that Mozart wrote was the Lacrimosa. True False

trombone

What instrument is featured in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem? Tuba Trombone Trumpet

It features several verses in German.

Which of the following does NOT describe Mozart’s Dies irae from Requiem? It begins with a chorus. It is in a strong duple meter. It features several verses in German. It is in Latin.

emotional restraint

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Romantic era? Secular music was predominant Experiments with new instruments Increased virtuosity Emotional restraint

Franz Xaver Süssmayer

Who completed the unfinished portions of Mozart’s Requiem? Franz Xaver Süssmayer Yo-Yo Ma Xavier Cugat Constanze Mozart

false

In the "Catalog Aria" Leporello assures Donna Elvira that indeed she is Don Giovanni’s one true love. True False

true

In the Classical era both serious opera and comic opera were popular. True False

true

In the beginning of the eighteenth century serious opera was the most prevalent style. True False

the librettist who adapted the play into an opera

Lorenzo da Ponte was _____. the first singer to play the title role in Don Giovanni the playwright on whose work the opera is based the librettist who adapted the play into an opera

false

Mozart’s Don Giovanni does not have any comic opera elements. True False

false

Operas were written with the intent to portray the events realistically. True False

A list of women in several countries whom Don Giovanni has seduced

The "Catalog Aria" in Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni catalogs what, exactly? A list of women in several countries whom Don Giovanni has seduced The contents of Don Giovanni’s library Scientific data on astronomical objects

Commendatore

Which character ultimately brings Don Giovanni to his justly deserved fate? Commendatore Zerlina Donna Elvira Leporello

Opera seria

Which of the following is NOT categorized as an opera that is more realistic? Ballad opera Singspiel Opera buffa Opera seria

Baritone

Which voice part sings the role of Don Giovanni in Mozart’s opera? Bass Baritone Tenor

Operas were written with the intent to portray the events realistically.

False

In the Classical era, both serious opera and comic opera were popular.

True

Which voice part sings the role of Don Giovanni in Mozart’s opera?

Baritone

The Catalogue Aria in Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni catalogs what, exactly?

A list of women in several Countries whom don Giovinni has seduced

Opera buffa presented lively, down-to-earth plots rather than the remote concerns of gods and mythological heroes…..(answer)

While serious opera was almost invariably in Italian, comic opera was generally in the local language of the audience (the vernacular)…(answer)

Which character ultimately brings Don Giovanni to his justly deserved fate?

The Commondatore

Mozart’s Don Giovanni does not have any comic opera elements.

False

At the beginning of the eighteenth century, serious opera was the most prevalent style.

True

Lorenzo da Ponte was:

The librettist who adapted the play into an opera

In Don Giovanni, the characters portray either the older, serious opera or the newer, comic opera. Match the character with either serious or comic opera.

Comic Opera :Leporello Serious Opera :the Commendatore, Donna Anna

In the Catalogue Aria, Leporello assures Donna Elvira that indeed she is Don Giovanni’s one true love.

False

Which term(s) describe(s) Mozart’s Don Giovanni?

1. opera seria 2. opera buffa

The type of Classical opera that continued a tradition of idealized characters and plots was:

opera seria

In the aria in which Donna Elvira sings with Don Giovanni and Leporello ("Ah, chi mi dice mai,") how does Mozart musically express her anger?

1.quick tempo 2.changes in range 3.sudden dynamic shifts

Which voice part sings the role of Don Giovanni’s servant, Leporello, in Mozart’s opera?

Bass

Which of the following characters was an object of Don Giovanni’s desires?

1.Donna Elvira 2. Zerlina 3. Donna Anna

In Mozart’s comic operas, he held society up to a mirror and emphasized the problems of separating people based on class and gender….(answer)

Which of the following operas was the result of collaboration between Mozart and Lorenzo da Ponte?

1.The Marriage of Figaro 2.Women Are Like That 3.Don Giovanni

The various movements of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony are unified by the opening motive.

True

Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony opens and closes in the key of C minor.

False

How many symphonies did Beethoven write?

Nine

All four of the movements in Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony are based on one:

theme

The second movement of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is in what form?

theme and variation

The movement of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony that makes the most extensive use of variation procedure is the:

second

Beethoven’s music is firmly rooted in the conventions of Classical form.

true

Which malady afflicted Beethoven and profoundly affected his work as a composer?

deafness

Which of the following statements describe the third movement of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony?

1.It is in scherzo form. 2.It features the opening motive of the first movement. 3.It is in triple meter.

Beethoven, in his music, completely abandons formal considerations.

False

Which of Beethoven’s symphonies was originally dedicated to Napoleon?

the third

The text of Schiller’s poem "Ode to Joy" is an expression of universal brotherhood and was inspired by the contemporary French Revolution…(answer)

Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony generally follows the outline of the standard multimovement cycle

true

Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony generally follows the outline of the standard multimovement cycle

1.It has bold dynamic contrasts. 2.It has bold dynamic contrasts. 3.The opening motive is featured throughout the first movement.

Which of Beethoven’s symphonies includes a chorus?

the ninth

The last movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9 features a choral setting of a poem called "Ode to Joy."…(answer)

Which of the following is true of Beethoven’s symphonies?

1.The earliest of his symphonies were very much in the older Classical style 2.Several of his symphonies had political or personal meanings. 3.The symphonies have recently been used to bridge cultural gaps.

Which of the following are found in Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony?

1.the substitution of the scherzo and trio as the third movement 2.the unification of all the movements with a single melodic idea 3.a development section following the exposition

Which of the following describes the form of the second movement of Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata?

Scherzo

Classical sonatas were set either for solo instrument (usually the piano) or for duos (violin and piano, for example)…(answer)

The sonata in the Classical era was an important genre for amateur musicians playing which instrument?

piano

Beethoven gave the nickname Moonlight to his own piano sonata.

False

Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata was dedicated to one of his students, with whom he had fallen in love.

True

Beethoven, in his Moonlight Sonata, follows formal molds in all of the movements.

False

Match the sections of the first movement of Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata to their sonic descriptions.

1. melody in right hand–strophe 1 2.return to original key area–strophe 2 3.Melody is stated in the left hand–coda 4.appegiated chords–introduction

Beethoven’s solo piano sonatas are some of his most important works.

True

Which of the following describes the first movement of Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata?

1.begins with a singing melody 2.soft dynamics 3.in an expressive minor key

Beethoven called the Moonlight Sonata a:

Fantasy Sonata

The Moonlight Sonata evokes what new expressive style?

Romantic

Generally, a scherzo is slower-paced than a minuet.

False

Place the parts of the first movement of Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata in the correct order.

1.intro 2.strophe 1 3.middle section 4.strophe 2 5.coda

The Countess Giulietta Guicciardi was:

1.one of Beethoven’s students 2.a woman with whom Beethoven was enamored 3.a woman with whom Beethoven was enamored

In the second movement of his Moonlight Sonata, Beethoven uses a variant of the minuet called a:

scherzo

The Countess Giuletta Guicciardi was:

Beethoven student

The sonata in the Classical era was:

1.sometimes used by composer-performers as show pieces 2.sometimes designed for amateur performance 3. considered the most significant in the keyboard literature

Classical sonatas were often written for one solo instrument, usually the:

piano

Haydn, Mozart, and their successors understood the term sonata as an instrumental work for one or two instruments consisting of three or four contrasting movements….answer

The Classical sonata typically consists of three to four movements.

True

Which best describes the tempo of the last movement of the Moonlight Sonata?

presto

cadenza

A brilliant solo passage in the manner of an improvisation within a concerto is called a(n) _____. cadence cadenza capitulation

true

First-movement concerto form is based on principles from Baroque ritornello and the sonata-allegro forms. True False

Babette von Ployer

For whom did Mozart write his Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453 to perform as soloist? Babette von Ployer Maria Theresia von Paradis Maria Anna Mozart

three

How many movements does a typical Classical-era concerto have? One Two Three Four

true

Improvisation is important in Classical concerto music. True False

false

In a cadenza during a concerto from the Classical period, the orchestra improvises freely. True False

true

Mozart wrote many of his piano concertos to showcase his own performance skills. True False

false

The Classical-era concerto has four movements. True False

the cadenza written by Mozart

The cadenza that is typically performed today in Mozart’s Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453 is _____. the cadenza written by Mozart freely improvised based on Haydn’s Emperor quartet

minuet

Which of the following parts is NOT found in the first-movement concerto form of the Classical era? Solo exposition Development Recapitulation Minuet

he was working on his Requiem.

At the time of Mozart’s death he was working on his Requiem. he was completely deaf. he was seventy-one years old.

first – fast – sonata-allegro

Fill in the three blanks in the following statement. The longest movement in the Classical multi-movement cycle is the ______ movement, and this movement is typically in a ______ tempo and is in ______ form. first – slow – minuet and trio first – fast – sonata-allegro second – moderate – theme and variations third – rondo – sonata-allegro

exposition, development, recapitulation

Identify the correct order of the sections of sonata-allegro form. development, exposition, recapitulation recapitulation, development, exposition development, recapitulation, exposition exposition, development, recapitulation exposition, recapitulation, development

false

Identify the following statement as true or false: Mozart worked successfully under the patronage system for his entire life. true false

false

Identify the following statement as true or false: Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik was written for large ensemble, with more than one player playing each part. true false

false

Identify the following statement as true or false: a sonata-allegro form is comprised of one main section. true false

false

Identify the following statement as true or false: the divertimento and the serenade were both operatic musical forms in the Classical era. true false

setting a light, social tone at a social event.

In writing Eine kleine Nachtmusik Mozart was primarily concerned with soloistic virtuosity. political inspiration. setting a light, social tone at a social event. featuring bombastic brass.

recapitulation.

The last section of sonata-allegro form that restates the opening thematic material is called the recapitulation. minuet. exposition. development.

the trio

The middle section of a typical third movement in a Classical instrumental cycle is called Theme 2. the development. the minuet. the trio.

minuet-and-trio

The third movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik is in what form? rondo sonata-allegro minuet-and-trio theme and variations

It is in sonata-allegro form.

Which of the following does NOT describe the third movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? It is in triple meter. The harmony is consonant. It is in sonata-allegro form. The texture is homophonic.

It was written for full orchestra.

Which of the following does not describe Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? It has four movements. It was written to be social music. The name translates to A Little Night Music. It was written for full orchestra.

piano

Which of the following instruments did Mozart NOT intend to perform Eine kleine Nachtmusik? violin piano viola cello

He embraced patronage.

Which of the following statements does NOT describe the life and career of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? He was born into a musical family. By the age of thirteen he had written several operas. His own instrument was the piano. He embraced patronage.

The Italian opera overture

From which older genre did the symphony evolve? The Italian oratorio The Italian opera overture The French opera overture

false

Percussion is absent from the second movement of Haydn’s Symphony No. 100. True False

true

The Classical symphony orchestra typically featured some woodwind and brass instruments along with strings. True False

ten to twenty players

The Classical-era orchestra is typically composed of _____. ten to twenty players thirty to forty players seventy to eighty players

Joseph Haydn

The composer of the London symphonies was: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven Joseph Haydn

string section

The heart of the Classical orchestra was the _____. string section woodwind section brass section

false

The meter heard throughout the second movement of Haydn’s Symphony No. 100 is triple meter. True False

false

The second movement of Haydn’s Symphony No. 100 was composed in sonata-allegro form. True False

true

Theme and variation was a typical form for the second movement of a symphony. True False

The use of melodies

Which of the following is NOT a contribution to the symphony of the German Classical symphonists? The use of a "steamroller" crescendo The use of a "rocket theme" The use of melodie

22

2

2

3

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