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Instructional Unit and the Lesson Plan on Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is an illness that relates to various conditions that commonly affect an individual’s heart as it involves the existence of some blocked blood arteries that may result in various heart diseases (McTaggart, 2016). There is a need to educate all the stakeholders in how the disease and its impacts can be managed and also prevented. Therefore, this is an instructional lesson plan to three stakeholders which include nursing staffs, patients and the family of the patients or caregivers. Some of the contents of the lesson will be touching on the causes of the disease and some of the behavior that increases the risks of getting the disease. The stakeholders that need to be educated will include the patients who are already suffering from the disease, the nurses who are monitoring and managing the patients and the families and caregivers of the sick who could be people who are healthy and are not suffering from the disease. Therefore, the educational settings will intend to provide staff development, offer patients education and family education.

Educational Settings   

1.      Staff Development

Title: Monitoring and Management of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in patients.

Audience: the nurses who work in the hospitals to address the issue of staff development by gaining more knowledge in the field.

Educational setting: the process of learning will be happening at various hospital’s conference rooms in different facilities.

Learners Assessment: question papers will be administered, and the improvements on a level of practice will also be evaluated.

Education strategy: the lesson for staff development entails involving professionals who will be giving some of the specific statistics from the hospitals representing the exact number of the patients who suffer from the cardiovascular disease and are already in the facilities seeking for treatment. The nurses will also have an opportunity to share and comprehend some of their first-hand experiences and exchange ideas on how to deal with the disease (Weinman et al., 2007). Conducting the training at the workplace will ensure that there either little or no disruption of the general programs of the health facilities as the nurses will be attending the lessons on pre-planned shifts that they are off-duties.

The purpose of the lesson:  this lesson intends to ensure that the nurses are up to date with some of the changes in the management of the cardiovascular disease and some of the new information and innovations about the disease. The nurses will also find a great moment to share ideas with some of the experts or senior colleagues in the field of nursing.

The basis of lecturing procedures applied: some of the proceedings that will be applied during the lecture will include an engagement of the nurses as it will make it easy to offer descriptions, interact and also offer the nurses an opportunity to seek more clarifications where necessary (McTaggart, 2016).

Goals: one of the major objectives of teaching nurses on some of the information about the cardiovascular disease is to improve the level of services that are offered to the patients suffering from the disease, equip the nursing fraternity with the right skills and techniques and finally boost the performance of the healthcare facilities.

The rationale for the lesson: the reason for training the nurses or the hospital staffs is because both the treatment and prevention cannot be achieved without their input as they are the ones who diagnose, treat and management the patients of the disease. 

Behavioral objectives: the training will enable the hospitals to be more efficient in conducting cardiovascular diagnosis as they will be educated on the right procedures of the disease management (CDC, 2015).

Lesson content: some of the contents of the training will be the availing of the detailed information on the disease pertaining its causes and symptoms.

The sequence for teaching:

10:00 – 10:15 – the nurses who are registered for the lesson settle down about their shifts, then followed an official introduction by the trainer to the trainees and then a brief discussion on the meaning and causes of cardiovascular disease.

10:15 – 11:00 – the instructor gives a detailed explanation of the causes and types of cardiovascular diseases that attack the heart, together with the techniques for controlling and preventing the disease from affecting other new patients.

11:00 – 12:00 – make room for nurses present to discuss and dig deep on this subject, the practitioner should also listen to the nurses’ thoughts on the topic.

17:00 – 17:30 – answer all questions raised by the nurses and highlighting the major areas that need focus and eventually pose questions to the trainees.

Instructional resources used: the use of a projector will be effective in lecture delivery since it is more efficient in note-taking and maximizes class time as a result minimal erasing and rewriting of the board during the session.

Learning evaluation: the assessment of the nurses involves monitoring them in how they conduct their service deliveries after the training and check whether there will be any change in quality or whether they apply the newly acquired knowledge. An improvement and a change in approach will mean that the training was fruitful.

2.      Patient Education

Title: The management of the cardiovascular disease.

Audience: patients of the disease who could be suffering from diabetes, hypertension, tobacco use and other heart problems.

Learners Assessment: making the use of oral examination.

Education strategy: the trainer will subdivide the patients into various groups concerning the ages and apply the most appropriate teaching aids that would work best for each cluster. Some patient could be more informed than others.

The purpose of the lesson: this lesson seeks to help patients who could be suffering from any of the cardiovascular diseases and other heart problems, and it will equip them with the necessary knowledge to manage their condition and reduce the impact of the disease on them (McTaggart, 2016).

The rationale for the lesson: some of the patients of cardiovascular disease may not be corporative in taking their medicines; therefore, the lesson would educate them on the need to improve their health.

The basis of lecturing procedures applied: the use of theoretical approach would be implemented as it provides for an interaction between the trainer and the patient.

Goals: the lesson aims to educate patients on the best ways to manage their conditions and reduce the risk of the disease.

Behavioral objectives: patients are individuals of different background in regards to their social status and various techniques can be used to train various groups. The patients are ready to learn because they are the risk of suffering from various heart diseases.

Lesson content: this will involve taking the patients through their medication, the different meals to accompany these meds and when to take and not to take these medicines.

The sequence for teaching:

11:00 – 11:05 – a proper formal introduction of the patients, trainer, and the subject should mark the start of the training process.

11:05 – 11:30 – a detailed discussion on cardiovascular disease (CVD), its management and the analysis of the patient’s symptoms. The trainer will write down extensive notes while carefully scrutinizing each of the symptoms.

11:30 – 12:00 – after keenly analyzing the symptoms, the instructor will engage the patients to know of other persisting symptoms and how they responded to medication previously. This will help the trainer in coming up with the appropriate remedy for the disease.

12:00 – 13:00 – assist the patient to organize a meal plan to accompany this prescription in conjunction to recommending the right physical exercises that will help this individual reduce risks of contracting stroke.

Instructional resources used: samples of medicines can be presented by the trainer as it will make the patients relate with much ease. In addition to this, the application of a whiteboard is also necessary to make further illustrations.

Learning evaluation: after completing the training, patients will be engaged in a question and answer session to gauge their understanding of the subject.

3.      Family Education

Title: prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and living a healthy lifestyle.

Audience: this group will include the caregivers and other families Interested in the program.

Learners Assessment: use of a theoretical test.

Education strategy: organizing a formal meeting at the community halls.

The purpose of the lesson: the lesson intends to teach the healthy families and caregivers about the CVD to reduce their chances of suffering from the disease.

The basis of lecturing procedures applied: making use of a question and answer session where the audience will have the opportunity to seek clarity on areas they do not understand.

Goals: this lesson intends to educate the audience on ways to prevent the CVD by avoiding some of the behaviors that would put them at risk.

The rationale for this lesson: every individual is in danger of suffering from CVD.

Behavioral objectives: the group includes people of different social class, and there will be a need to conduct a piece of training that will suit each group. The trainer will make the group feel ready to learn by illustrating the impacts of the disease in the country.

Lesson content: some of the issues and lifestyle choices that would increase the risk of suffering from the disease.

The sequence for teaching:

16:00 – 16:15 – introduction between the trainer and trainees will take place then the trainer will officially present the topic for discussion before the commencement of the subject.

 16:15 – 17:00 – a detailed account of CVD causes, its types, and prevention will be highlighted along the various symptoms discussed. The practitioner should give clear examples and solid evidence to support their topic. 

17:00 – 17:20 – allow those in attendants to expound on the subject through discussion, the trainer should also involve them in a conversation to give them a hint of any emerging CVD cases among those in attendance.

17:20 – 17:50 – answers the questions posed by the audience, prescribe the proper exercises for the individuals to control CVD and finally inquire to know whether the topic was well comprehended.

Instructional resources used: for good clarity of the information, a projector will be used since it offers a greater teaching versatility and it makes the audience comprehend the information more since projectors give better presentations than other means.

Learning evaluation: by engaging in a question and answer session after the lecture, this is the most efficient way to assess individual understanding.


In summary, training the nurses, patients and families and caregivers on CVD assist them in comprehending the information about the disease in regards to how it should be managed and prevented. The use of the theoretical approaches is effective as it enables the trainees to get all the necessary information relating to CVD. The training programs intend to encourage the audience to take appropriate measures and avoid some lifestyles that would help them in reducing the risk of CVD. Assessment of the trainees assist in determining whether the program would be useful or there will be a need to make some improvements and organize for a more detailed training session.

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