US history chapters 6

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Thomas Alva Edison

Inventor an industrialist. Invented light bulb, electrical company.

Alexander Graham Bell

Inventor of the telephone

George Pullman

Railroad industrialist. Inventor of the sleeping car. Creator of company town.

Trans-continental railroad

Railroad line built in the United States of America between 1863 and 1869 connecting east coast with west coast.

Interstate commerce act

Act designed to limit the power of railroads and prevent them from forming monopolies.

Andrew Carnegie

Industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.

Sherman anti-trust act

Act making it illegal to form trusts that interfered with free trade.

Samuel Gompers

Unionist who created the American Federation of Labor.

American Federation of Labor

One of the first federations of labor unions in the United States.

Mary Harris Jones

A prominent American labor and community organizer, who helped coordinate major strikes and co-founded the Industrial Workers of the World.

How did the growth of the steel industry influence the development of other industries?

Steel was a necessary material for many new industries, such as the railroads, toolmaking, construction. Also, many industries were needed to support the steel industry, such as coal mining, and iron ore mining.

How did inventions and developments in the late 19th century affect how people worked.

Electricity and machinery increased the need for factory workers. Workers were less valued for their skills, and were worked long and under harsh conditions.

Why did people, particularly farmers, demand regulation of the railroads in the late 19th century.

Railroads abused government land grants, taking land away from farmers. They also charged high rates for transportation.

Why were business leaders such as John D. Rockerfeller called Robber Barons?

They eliminated competition, then raised prices to gouge people.

Why did the South industrialize more slowly than the North.

The South had a more agricultural economy with less need for factories.

Why did workers form unions in the late 19th century?

Unfair hiring and unacceptable working conditions required workers to band together to improve their lot.

What factors limited the success of unions?

High unemployment and low skills requirement meant that striking union workers could easily be replaced.

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