US History Chapter 26-27

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One factor that aroused Soviet suspicions of the western allies during world war ll was

D) the western allies long delay in opening a second front in western europe

By 1947, the intense rivalry between the Soviet Union and the united states was called

B) the Cold War

What impact did world war ll have on the Soviet Union?

D) world war ll killed more than twenty million soviet citizens and weakened the country’s economy

Joseph stalins primary goal after world war ll was to

C) ensure friendly governments on its borders in Eastern Europe

What allowed the US to emerge from world war ll as the most powerful nation in the world?

C) it had both a monopoly on atomic weapons and expanded production capacity

The first instance of Soviet expansionism after World War II was in

A) Poland and Bulgaria.

Why did Joseph Stalin feel that U.S. foreign policy after World War II was hypocritical?

B) Americans were demanding democratic elections in Eastern Europe but supporting friendly dictatorships in Latin America.

The Allies divided Germany in 1946 because

A) they could not agree on the country’s future.

What did British prime minister Winston Churchill suggest about the Soviet Union in his iron curtain speech of 1946?

C) Its suppression of the popular will in eastern and central Europe had isolated those regions from the free world.

Who was the author of the 1946 rationale for a hard-line U.S. foreign policy of containment?

D) Career diplomat George F. Kennan

The U.S. government’s policy of containment was first implemented when President Truman asked Congress to send military and economic missions and $400 million in aid to

C) Greece and Turkey

European nations used most of the funds provided by the American Marshall Plan of 1948 to

B) stimulate their economies and buy American products

How did President Truman respond to the Soviet blockade of West Berlin in 1948 and 1949?

A) He ordered the airlifting of more than two million tons of goods to West Berliners

Why did President Truman approve the development of a hydrogen bomb in 1949?

C) The United States had confirmed that the Soviets had detonated an atomic bomb

The purpose of the National Security Act of 1947 was to

C) place oversight of all branches of the military under the secretary of defense.

The National Security Council was established to

A) advise the president on defense planning

The peacetime military alliance created by the United States, Canada, and Western European countries to deter attacks from the Soviet Union was the

B) North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The Central Intelligence Agency was established to

C) gather information relevant to the national defense and to perform any functions and duties related to intelligence affecting the national security

In the post-World War II era, the term third world was used to refer to

D) those outside the Western and Eastern blocs that had yet to develop industrial economies

What occurred with the flight of the Chinese Nationalists from China in 1949?

D) The People’s Republic of China was established

How did the U.S. government respond to the fall of the Nationalist government in China?

D) The United States refused to grant official recognition to the Communist government and aided the exiled Nationalists

The United States ended its official occupation of Japan after World War II

in 1949, as soon as it was clear China would not become an American economic center in Asia

What was President Truman’s initial response to the Israeli declaration of statehood in 1948?

B) Truman quickly recognized Israel and pledged to make its defense a cornerstone of U.S. policies in the Middle East

In the post-World War II economy

C) women’s earnings saw significant decline

The purpose of the Employment Act of 1946 was to

A) formalize the U.S. government’s responsibility for keeping the economy healthy

Which of the following describes the pattern of labor strikes in the United States in 1946?

B) Labor strikes increased public exasperation with and hostility toward unions

Which of the following was among the factors responsible for the postwar economic boom in the United States?

A) War-torn countries’ spending on American products

Which of the following describes Eisenhower’s politics of the middle way in the early 1950s?

A) Eisenhower pledged to govern by compromise and consensus

What did anti-Communist zealot Senator Joseph McCarthy do that led to his condemnation by the U.S. Senate?

D) McCarthy conducted televised hearings in which he charged that the U.S. army was full of Communists

What was the Eisenhower administration’s approach to social welfare programs?

C) It allowed the welfare state to grow and the federal government to take on new projects

What was President Eisenhower’s most important and far-reaching domestic initiative?

B) The passage of the Interstate Highway and Defense System Act of 1956

President Eisenhower believed the development of nuclear power for domestic purposes should

A) be left in the hands of private enterprise

The three-part program for compensating, terminating, and relocating Native Americans reflected the Eisenhower administration’s commitment to

D) limiting the scope of federal government activity

In the context of President Eisenhower’s policy toward Native Americans, termination meant

C) ending the federal government’s special relationship with the Indians by transferring jurisdiction over tribal lands to state and local governments

One unintended consequence of the federal government’s program to relocate Native Americans was

A) the emergence of a militant pan-Indian movement two decades later

The key to President Eisenhower’s New Look in foreign policy was

B) a smaller conventional army bolstered by strength in airpower and nuclear weapons

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles supported a foreign policy strategy of

B) going to the brink of war to halt the Soviets’ efforts to extend their territory any further

When Hungarian freedom fighters mounted a revolt against the Soviet-controlled government of their country in 1956, the Eisenhower administration

C) did nothing, because Eisenhower was unwilling to risk American soldiers or possible nuclear war

President Eisenhower viewed communism in Vietnam as

C) a force that had to be stopped before it spread to Japan, Taiwan, and the Philippines

Between 1955 and 1961, the United States spent $800 million in South Vietnam, most of it to

B) fund the South Vietnamese army

In the 1950s, the CIA intervened in the internal affairs of

C) Iran, Guatemala, and Cuba

Why did many Cuban people support the uprising led by Fidel Castro against Fulgencio Batista in 1959?

B) Many Cuban people had a strong desire for political and economic autonomy

The purpose of the Eisenhower Doctrine was to

A) aid any Middle Eastern nation requesting assistance against armed aggression from any country controlled by international communism

The United States reacted to the Soviet Union’s successful launch of Sputnik in 1957

B) with a feeling of inferiority about U.S. scientific and technological development

What was the military-industrial complex Eisenhower warned Americans about before he left office?

C) An association between the military and defense contractors to spend more money on increasingly powerful weapons systems

The output of American farms increased between 1940 and 1960, while the number of farmworkers

B) decreased by nearly one-third

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