URP3001 Exam 1 Quiz Questions

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In the United States, which one of the following would have the largest population?

The City of Omaha alone
The Omaha Urban Area
The City of Omaha and contiguous municipalities
The Omaha Metropolitan Area

The Omaha Metropolitan Area

"The movement of products, money, information, and human talent around the world in ever larger quantities, at every lower costs, and in ever less time." What is it?

globalization
Westernization
industrialization
modernization

globalization

Which one of the following is an example of a non-basic economic activity?

strip mall in Kalamazoo, Michigan
banking in London, England
military activities in Jacksonville, Florida
fashion design in New York, New York

strip mall in Kalamazoo, Michigan

Continents which do not have any megacities at the present time include:

Antarctica
Antarctica, Australia, and Europe
Antarctica, Australia, Europe, and Africa
Antarctica and Australia

Antarctica and Australia

"Loci of national sovereignty with landscapes that are charged with the symbols of solidarity (real or imagined) and museums that are the attics of the nation." To what category of cities does this description apply?

capital cities
port cities
metropolises
commercial cities

capital cities

Large cities are fewer in number and farther apart than medium-sized cities; medium-sized cites are fewer in number and farther apart than small cities. What theory accounts for the regularities of size and spacing of cities as market centers?

concentric zone theory
edge city theory
economic base theory
central place theory

central place theory

Which one of the following would be categorized as an urban environmental risk at the local scale with a short-term impact?

decreasing water quantity
loss of ecosystem functions and services
increasing GHG emissions
increasing litter

increasing litter

A new town is:

comprehensively planned to be as self-contained as possible
often criticized because of the lack of amenities
spontaneous in its origins
about the same as a commuter suburb

comprehensively planned to be as self-contained as possible

Regardless of how large a settlement is, it does not become truly urban until:

a leadership class evolves
a classless society can be documented
an agricultural surplus is produced
its workforce is divorced from the soil

its workforce is divorced from the soil

How does the contemporary world’s urban population growth rate compare with the overall population growth rate?

In some years the world’s urban population increases more rapidly than the world’s population as a whole, and in other years it increases more slowly.
The world’s urban population is increasing about as fast as the world’s population as a whole.
The world’s urban population is growing more rapidly than the world’s population as a whole.
The world’s urban population is growing more slowly than the world’s population as a whole.

The world’s urban population is growing more rapidly than the world’s population as a whole.

Montreal has lost the headquarters of many of Canada’s 500 largest companies to what city?

Ottawa
Toronto
New York City
Vancouver

Toronto

Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland rose to prominence during what era of urban history?

The era of colonial mercantilism
The era of urban benevolence
The era of post-industrial capitalism
The era of industrial capitalism

The era of industrial capitalism

The city of Los Angeles is so large that it has several business districts, including Hollywood and Beverly Hills. This is reminiscent of the:

sector model
concentric zone
inverse concentric zone model
multiple nuclei model

multiple nuclei model

Which one of the following monikers would not fit Los Angeles?

Gang Capital of America
City on the Bay
City of Sprawl
Entertainment Machine

City on the Bay

With respect to language, the Ottawa city region is:

predominantly English-speaking
divided between English and French
predominantly English-speaking with small French-speaking minorities
predominantly French-speaking

WRONG: predominantly English-speaking with small French-speaking minorities

If you do not view Hurricane Katrina’s impact on New Orleans as a "natural disaster," which one of the following sources of damage would you emphasize?

sustained winds of over 100 mph
breaches in the poorly-designed levees
heavy rain and downpours of up to 25 inches in 30 hours
flooding induced by the storm surge

breaches in the poorly-designed levees

The militarization of city police forces contradicts the concept of:

community policing
public-private partnerships
interjurisdictional cooperation
fortress architecture

community policing

The Stonewall Riots in 1969 are regarded as the beginning of the gay and lesbian rights movement in the United States. In what city did they take place?

Boston
Chicago
San Francisco
New York City

New York City

Self-contained urban villages and business improvement districts have been successful in U.S. cities, but they have also been criticized for all of the following except:

displacing lower-income and working class families.
making it impossible for artists to find affordable space to work.
being designed around principles that encourage segregated land uses.
putting power in the hands of the private sector instead of an elected government.

being designed around principles that encourage segregated land uses.

What category of land use accounts for an enormous one fifth of urban land in the United States?

residential
roads and highways
undeveloped land
commercial

roads and highways

The industrial free zone along the border between the Dominican Republic and Haiti operates on the same principles as:

centro historicos.
NAFTA
maquiladoras.
urban cantones.

maquiladoras.

What happened to Havana after 1991 during the "Special Period in a Time of Peace"?

Automobile use soared as the price of gasoline declined.
Rural populations in eastern Cuba illegally migrated westward to the capital.
International tourism declined.
The city’s housing stock began to expand.

Rural populations in eastern Cuba illegally migrated westward to the capital.

After 1898, what foreign country got involved in Havana’s road and railroad expansion, sugar and cigar factory construction, and the newly arrived automobile industry?

Spain
Mexico
Soviet Union
United States

United States

What two cities rank just below Mexico City in the country’s urban hierarchy?

Merida and Monterrey
Veracruz and Guadalajara
Merida and Puebla
Guadalajara and Monterrey

Guadalajara and Monterrey

Which one of the following statements is not true of the Caribbean’s urban geography?

Cites in the Lesser Antilles tend to sprawl across entire islands.
All islands are dominated by a primate city (or primate town).
Insularity and mountainous topography tend to be constraints on urban growth.
The historical port cities were all well situated for trading with Europe and Africa.

Cites in the Lesser Antilles tend to sprawl across entire islands.

According to the Griffin-Ford model, what category of land use borders the "spine" of a Latin American city?

industrial land use
elite residential land use
low-income residential land use
governmental land use

elite residential land use

Mara Salvatrucha, or MS13, is dominant in El Salvador but now spreads from Canada to Colombia. What is Mara Salvatrucha?

an exotic species
a folk dance
a gang
a disease

a gang

Capital city, metacity, world city: What is the only city in Middle America and the Caribbean that would fit each of these three categories?

Mexico City
Havana
Kingston
Santo Domingo

Mexico City

The military engineers who designed and laid out the Spanish Crown’s "New World" cities followed the:

Vatican Protocols.
Spanish Flotilla.
Treaty of Tordesillas.
Laws of the Indies.

Laws of the Indies.

Which one of the following cities is incorrectly associated with the region in which it is located?

Guatemala City is in Central America.
Mexico City is in Central America.
Bridgetown is in the Lesser Antilles.
Havana is in the Greater Antilles.

Mexico City is in Central America.

The ambulantes (street vendors) of South America’s cities:

are counted as part of a city’s formal economy
account for only a tiny fraction of all fresh produce vendors
represent one of the few occupations open to poor women
are typically single people without children

represent one of the few occupations open to poor women

The growth of Lima during the second half of the 20th century could best be described as:

slow and private-industry-controlled
conforming to the concentric zone model
government-controlled and nucleated
rapid and unplanned

rapid and unplanned

In the 19th century, South American cities became more integrated into the global economy by coordinating the export of primary commodities and the import of manufactured goods. What primary commodities were important in the 19th century?

beef, minerals, coffee, rubber
sugar, coffee, bananas, yerba mate
gold, silver, titanium, iron ore
rubber, sugar, bananas, hardwoods

beef, minerals, coffee, rubber

As the gap between rich and poor has widened in most cities of South America, what has happened to the urban elite?

They have moved to protected luxury apartments and gated suburban communities.
They have re-concentrated in the central city.
They have moved to housing subdivisions in the suburbs.
They have abandoned the cities for small town life.

They have moved to protected luxury apartments and gated suburban communities.

Guarded apartments, walled housing estates, chauffeured shuttles to private schools: these are all characteristics of:

historico centros
waterfront developments
defensive urbanism
pueblos jovenes

defensive urbanism

Residential areas in the "Pilot Plan" of Brasília largely comprise:

six-story apartment buildings
townhouses and small apartments
courtyard houses reminiscent of the Mediterranean
single-family, detached houses

six-story apartment buildings

Brazil’s efforts to open up the interior of the country to settlement and development has:

resulted in Brasília becoming the most important city in the country
included establishment of new urban centers far from the coast
changed the dual primacy of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo to triple primacy
led to a sharp reduction in the primacy of Rio de Janeiro

included establishment of new urban centers far from the coast

The level of urbanization (percent urban) in South America approximates that of:

South Asia
the U.S. and Canada
East Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa

the U.S. and Canada

The colonial core of Lima, the central area of Brasília, and the Carioca landscapes of Rio de Janeiro have all been designated:

New Wonders of the World by the New7Wonders Project.
the Patrimony of Humankind by the UN
World Heritage Sites by UNESCO
Engineering Wonders of the World by the American Society of Civil Engineers

World Heritage Sites by UNESCO

Lima:

accounts for only 10% of Peru’s population, a small proportion by modern standards
weathered the crises of the 20th century to emerge as one of South America’s wealthiest cities
had its central historic district destroyed by an earthquake in the 19th century
was used by the Spanish as a transshipment point for wealth extracted from the Andes

was used by the Spanish as a transshipment point for wealth extracted from the Andes

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