URP 3001 Final

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The capital cities of Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand are also:

the most populous cities in Southeast Asia

Which one of the following is not true of Southeast Asia’s geographic pattern of urbanization?

Cambodia is one of the most urbanized countries

A mix of religions characterizes Southeast Asia. What religion dominates Manila, Jakarta, and Bangkok, respectively?

Christianity, Islam, Buddhism

Which one of the following is not true of the Mekong Delta’s Oc Eo?

It was located in present-day Indonesia

Which one of the following applies to sacred cities rather than market cities in Southeast Asia?

expansive and productive rural hinterlands

If you were visiting Indonesia, what would you go to Borobudur to see?

a temple

In 1511, the era of European colonialism in Southeast Asia began with the arrival of a fleet from what country in Malacca’s harbor?

portugal

The premier passage through the island‑studded seas of Southeast Asia is the Strait of Malacca. In what country is the city that dominates that strait today?

Republic of Singapore

What city evolved around the Intramuros and became the command and control center of the Spanish galleon trade which ranged between Mexico and Asia?

Manila

The Chinese in Southeast Asia:

migrated to the region primarily during colonial times

The influence of Chinese migrants on Southeast Asian cities has been most pronounced:

around the South China Sea

Manila is to Spain as Jakarta is to:

Netherlands (Holland)

How many of the following factors play almost no role in the growth of Singapore’s urban population?

Reclassification
Natural Increase
Internal Migration

two

When laborers circulate seasonally between rural villages where they live and urban sites where they work, it is called:

circular migration

The new high-technology city of Cyberjaya anchors what country’s Multimedia Super Corridor?

Malaysia’s

Which one of the following is not true of Southeast Asia’s growing middle class?

it has resisted suburbanization

In McGee’s original model of city structure, what land use tends to occupy the periphery of Southeast Asian cities?

market gardening zone

Singapore’s EMR takes the form of an "expanding city-state" which now stretches well into the territory of:

Malaysia and Indonesia

McGee, in reference to Southeast Asia, coined the word desakota to describe the process by which:

territory near a metropolitan core is incorporated into the urban economy without the necessity for cityward migration

What city serves as Southeast Asia’s leading port and industrial center; as its leading banking and commercial center; and as a key player in the global economic system?

Singapore

Which one of the following does not apply to Singapore?

development under French colonialism

Approximately 75% of Singapore’s population is:

Chinese

A multinational firm would be least likely to choose which one of these cities for labor-intensive product assembly and packaging?

Singapore

In the first decade of the 21st century, the leaders of what country relocated its national capital to the town of Pyinmana where they built a new seat of government named Naypyidaw?

Myanmar (Burma)

The Petronas Twin Towers, symbol of the competition to have the tallest building in the world, is located in:

Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur means "muddy confluence." The city is located at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers. This is a description of Kuala Lumpur’s:

site

What countries of Southeast Asia have the highest levels of urban primacy?

Thailand and the Philippines

Why was the geographical name Jabotapek coined in the late 20th century?

Because Jakarta had grown and sprawled far across its hinterland

The central core of Manila has seen an increase in:

high-intensity commercial and office land use

Binondo is the heart of Chinatown, Tondo is a densely-populated and impoverished district, Emita is a fishing village-cum-tourist enclave, and Makati is a district of expensive suburban housing. These locations within Manila are evidence of the:

multiple nuclei model of urban land use

Metro Manila includes Quezon City, where you would find:

all of the above

Bangkok:

has been the focus of massive foreign investment since the Vietnam War

The socialist model of urban development, as practiced in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, includes all of the following stages except:

avoidance of globalization

Cities in Vietnam, until recently, were devoid of mass advertising, had few cars on their roads, and offered only government-run hotels. These traits were typical of urban landscapes that:

conformed to socialist ideology

Housing shortages in Manila are exacerbated by land scarcity. Which one of the following is evidence of artificial land scarcity?

Large tracts of vacant land in the central city

Around Manila, many new suburban communities and mixed-use developments such as Nuvali, are engendering conflict because they:

require tenant farmers to move off land they have long occupied

Water for a thirsty Singapore comes from all of the following except:

lakes and rivers

The famous Angkor Wat is one of hundreds of wats in what Southeast Asia country?

Cambodia

Many of the new developments on the outskirts of Manila are taking the place of former:

sugar cane plantations

Because both India and Malaysia were part of the British Empire in the 1800s, the British brought many Tamils to Kuala Lumpur. What has happened to their Bricktown neighborhood?

it has been gentrified, but still exudes a strong Indian sense of place

Tokyo, Shanghai, and Osaka are all:

megacities

The People’s Republic of China:

is not among the world’s most urbanized countries but is among the world’s mot rapidly urbanizing countries

Which one of the following associations is not correct?

Tokyo- "winter capital" of a great empire

Which one of these statements about Kyoto is true?

The traditional crafts have largely disappeared in the wake of modernization

Changan, in China:

is one of the best expressions of the classic Chinese capital city

The urban landscapes of which region were least altered by European colonialism?

East Asia

Hong Kong, translated, means "fragrant harbor." The translation tells you something about Hong Kong’s:

site

What do Taipei, Seoul, and Hong Kong have in common?

They were all conquered by colonial powers

The cities of Manchuria became part of imperial Japan in the 1930s. What did Japan do to these cities?

Japan turned them into manufacturing centers connected by rail lines

In Hong Kong, which of these is not true?

Peripheral land in the administrative region is available for urban expansion.

Space for Tokyo’s urban development has been provided by:

all of the above (erecting skyscrapers, claiming land, spreading)

Within Japan’s urban core is an inner core known as what?

Tokaido

Like other cities that are command-and-control points of the global economy, Tokyo has modeled its growth on:

all of the above (vertical development, multifunctional development, compact development)

Since the late 1970s, the Chinese government has:

greatly relaxed controls on rural-to-urban migration

Tiananmen Square, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, and the Summer Palace are signature landscapes of what city?

Beijing

Xidan is a modern, busy shopping area. Wangfujing is a popular, pedestrianized retail strip. Zhongguancun is "China’s Silicon Valley." In what city are Xidan, Wangfujing, and Zhongguancun?

Beijing

After the Communist Party took control, Beijing was transformed into a producer city. Growth in what sector of the economy put Beijing in that category?

The manufacturing sector

If Beijing is the "Washington, D.C., of China," then what city is the "New York City of China"?

Shanghai

Pudong is:

a high rise, globally-connected district in eastern Shanghai

Which one of the following cities functions under an authoritarian national government but a capitalist economic system?

Guangzhou

Because they were returned to the People’s Republic only two decades ago, what two cities today enjoy the privileges of being Special Administrative Regions (SARs)?

Hong Kong and Macau

Why did the People’s Republic permit Hong Kong to thrive as a coastal enclave of Western-style capitalism and British colonialism for so long?

Hong Kong pumped billions of dollars of foreign exchange into China each year.

Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Zhuhai, and Macau form a single urbanized area that completely engulfs:

the Pearl River Delta

What Chinese city, because of its colonial heritage, has a distinctly Japanese flavor?

Taipei

For at least three decades, from the 1950s through the 1970s, cities of East Asia evolved along two distinctly different development paths. Which one of the following cities did not follow the socialist development path during that period?

Taipei

In 2010, Taipei ceased to be Taiwan’s most populous city as a result of:

the creation of New Taipei City in the suburbs

In the late 20th century, what was the main method used to temper the urban primacy of Seoul?

building master-planned new towns outside of Seoul

Since the late 1970s, all except which one of the following characteristics has applied to the PRC’s economic system and therefore its cities?

policy of self-reliance

When agriculture was de-collectivized in China, what happened to the rural population?

all of the above

Because of its location at the top of the global urban hierarchy, what East Asian city ranks among the world’s three global cities?

Tokyo

Which one of the following not true of Taipei’s urban geography?

Inner city population has plummeted, creating a doughnut hole of population density.

Which one of the following trends works against the greening of East Asia’s cities?

Rising automobile use

The restoration of Cheonggye Stream (Cheonggyecheon):

helped to re-brand Seoul as a green city

Urban environmental initiatives in East Asia include all of the following except:

pushing low-density development into urban expansion zones

The cities of what country have been least affected by the forces of globalization?

North Korea

The hokou system in the People’s Republic of China functioned as:

an internal passport system

Which pair of cities fits the description "capitals of a divided nation"?

Seoul and Pyongyang

Lhasa, which is being turned into a culturally Chinese city, is the capital of what country?

Tibet

Although much traditional housing in central Beijing has been torn down, some courtyard houses (some turned into shops) remain. Where would you find these traditional courtyard houses?

in hutongs (alleys)

Cheap migrant labor in Chinese cities comes primarily from:

rural areas of China

The two most populous cities in Australia are:

Sydney and Melbourne

Which one of these statements is not true about Australia and New Zealand?

Suburbanization has only recently become a major trend

Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia are:

regions of the southwest Pacific

An Australian state capital began as a penal colony of the British in 1788, served as a sealing and whaling port in the 19th century, and became a "gateway to Antarctica" in the 20th century. What city is it?

Hobart

Railroads were initially built in Australia to connect:

each coastal city with its hinterland

What statement reflects the pattern of urban primacy in Australia?

Each state of Australia is dominated by a primate city.

The earliest European settlements in Australia began as:

penal colonies

Canberra was deliberately located:

between the two cities that have dominated Australia’s urban hierarchy

"A garden city built around a large lake, with a central focus on a parliamentary triangle and satellite suburbs with town centers of their own." This statement describes:

Canberra

What statement reflects the pattern of urban primacy in New Zealand?

New Zealand’s most populous city is also a clearly defined primate city

The largest cities in the small island countries of the southwest Pacific generally began as:

colonial trading ports

Which one of the following has been an impediment to urban development in most island states of the southwest Pacific?

Land is held as a communal resource by traditional owners

Large, expensive houses in cities of the island Pacific are likely to be:

owned by expatriates and in gated communities

The cities of what country on the following list are most likely to be most severely affected by global warming?

Tonga

What city has overtaken Melbourne as home to a majority of Australian corporate headquarters?

Sydney

The growth of what city in Australia has taken place as people have left New South Wales and moved to the Sunbelt?

Brisbane

Which one of the following is a category of "disadvantaged places" within metropolitan Australia?

peri-urban localities

The process of deindustrialization hit Aotearoa/New Zealand in the late 20th century. Which one of the following correctly states an impact of deindustrialization on Auckland?

Some manufacturing relocated to Auckland from other cities on North and South Islands.

In Australia, the "sea change" phenomenon is drawing people away from big cities and toward:

small coastal towns

In Australia, the "tree change" phenomenon is drawing people away from big cities and toward areas that are:

wetter and cooler

The displacement of young people and lower-paid workers from high cost-of-living areas in Australia is a problem if a city considers what to be important?

waterfront development

Which one of the following cities would not be classified as the capital of a Less Developed Country (LDC)?

Wellington

Which one of the following is true of the aboriginal population of Aotearoa/New Zealand?

Maoris face significant disadvantages in New Zealand’s cities.

Which one of the following does not apply to Sydney?

Environmentally sustainable metropolitan area

Trends in the evolution of Sydney’s city center include:

increase in high-rise luxury dwellings

In Sydney, housing prices have more than doubled since the century began, resulting in:

the concentration of lower-income groups in rental housing

Ozone levels in Sydney regularly exceed the 4-hour standard for ozone concentration on 21 days a year. Why?

Car ownership

Gentrification and the New Urbanism are often criticized because they foster:

social exclusion

Located on the border between Queensland and New South Wales, it is Australia’s highest intensity high-rise tourist destination. What city is it?

Gold Coast

The old Swan Brewery site in inner Perth was turned into a high-amenity development of theaters, restaurants, and offices. What made the redevelopment controversial?

protests by aboriginal Australians

Capital cities of Pacific Island nations (e.g., Suva) are generally characterized by all of the following except:

strong tourist sectors

Around what city on the following list has it been common for squatter settlements to be bulldozed rather than adequately resourced?

Port Moresby

The "walking school buses" that serve many of Auckland’s children:

both A and B (depend on parents and watchful other adults, are evidence of the greening of New Zealand’s cities)

What signature landscape is not correctly paired with the city where it is located?

The Harbour Bridge= Melbourne

The federal capital of Australia and the federal capital of the United Sates are similar in all of the following except:

They were both located in light of national defense considerations

Which one of the following is true of Sydney’s suburbs?

The greatest concentration of migrants is found in the suburbs

Which one of the following is not true of "green buildings" constructed as part of "green developments" such as Sydney’s Central Park?

Segregated housing densities and land uses

Permitting midnight and prayers and extending hours for worship engendered conflict in Sydney’s Baulkham Hills district when:

Muslim residents wanted to expand their place of worship

Auckland grew up around a harbor site. With reference to what other feature could the site of Auckland be described?

as an isthmus site

Papua New Guinea is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and therefore maintains a High Commission in Australia. In what city are all High Commissions located?

Canberra

Simla served as the summer capital of colonial India. Why did the British need a summer capital?

to enjoy cooler temperatures at a higher elevation

Kolkata has been a leader among Indian cities in the engineering sector but has lagged in developing its:

information technology industries

The city of Kabul:

has benefitted by its strategic location at the western end of the Khyber Pass

Mumbai is the most religiously diverse city in South Asia. Two religious minorities play a role in the economy far beyond their numbers. Who are they?

Jains and Parsis (Zoroastrians)

What happened to the population of Karachi after the partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947?

The native-born population declined significantly as a proportion of the total population

Beginning in the 1980s, major change came to the Indian economy as a result of many factors including:

abolishing the old "License Raj"

In efforts to "go global," Indian cities have been:

all of the above

In South Asia, what country has a dominant northern city and a dominant southern city, but not a well-balanced urban hierarchy?

Pakistan

In which one of the South Asian city models is population density highest at the city center, declining as one moves toward the periphery?

bazaar city

Which one of the following does not occupy one of the vertices of India’s Golden Quadrilateral?

Hyderabad

Dhaka is:

both a primate and a capital city

Varanasi in the north and Madurai in the south are pilgrimage cities for:

Hindus

What city has emerged as India’s cultural capital and has one of the world’s largest film industries, giving it the nickname "Bollywood"?

Mumbai

What group of cities in South Asia has been expanding in population the most?

the six megacities

Both Murphey’s "City in a Swamp" and Kipling’s "Cholera Capital of the World" were about:

Kolkata

"Bourgeois urbanism" is characterized by which one of the following?

gloss and glitter

What ancient city was the predecessor of one of India’s present-day megacities?

Shahjahanabad

"Green entrepreneurialism" in Indian cities has been controversial because it has:

been accompanied by evicting the poor

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro are:

the earliest cities of the Indian sub-continent

The Sikhs are especially prominent in north Indian cities. The Sikhs are a:

none of the above

The U.N. uses the population of the entire urban agglomeration to define a metacity. What are South Asia’s metacities?

Delhi and Mumbai

What has been established near the port of Colombo to diversify the national economy?

a Free Trade Zone

Because of the huge populations affected, two billion "life years" in South Asia are lost as a result of:

urban air pollution

The "Presidency Towns" of British India did not include:

Madurai

Which one of the following is not true of the Taj Mahal?

located in Mumbai

The main cultural tension in Indian cities is between Muslims and Hindus. In Sri Lankan cities it is between:

Buddhists and Hindus

Calcutta (now Kolkata) was to jute as Bombay (now Mumbai) was to:

Cotton

In the model of the colonial-based city in South Asia:

a waterfront location was essential

In which of the following statements is the national capital not identified correctly?

The capital city of Pakistan is Karachi

One of the most magnificent planned cities in India dates from the pre-colonial period and has a great fort towering over it. It has become a top tourist attraction. What city is it?

Jaipur

In the model of the bazaar-based city in South Asia:

the colonial administrative section was known as the "civil lines"

They are called bustees, jhunggi, and chawl. They occur in all of the major cities of South Asia. What are they?

Slums

The Civil War in the United States led to the growth of what major Indian city in the 1860s because it could supply British mills with cotton?

Mumbai

What locational characteristic did the Presidency towns have in common?

They were located along the coast where they could serve as seaports.

Place marketing strategies used in the cities of South Asia include all of the following except:

the encouragement of street vendors as valued entrepreneurs

What city of South Asia is a world-renowned launching ground for treks in the Himalayas?

Kathmandu

Although it has been legally abolished, caste remains a fact of life in Indian cities. Which one of the following presents the traditional castes from highest to lowest?

priests, warriors, business people, laborers

A supply of technically-skilled, and English-proficient (but underemployed) college graduates, combined with the forces of technology that have reduced distances and hence costs, have make Indian cities natural locations for:

offshore outsourcing

What river valley in South Asia served as one of several urban culture hearths and a cradle of civilization?

Indus River valley

Because of India’s investment in higher education and the forces of globalization, what city became known as the "Silicon Valley of India"?

Bengalūru (Bangalore)

Capital cities of Pacific Island nations (e.g., Suva) are generally characterized by all of the following except

strong tourist sectors

The globalization of cities leads to:

decreasing importance of national boundaries

What is, and will continue to be, the most populous urban agglomeration on the continent of South America?

São Paulo

Which one of the following cities is least vulnerable to sea level rise?

Paris

Which one of the following groups in not suburbanizing?

All of these groups are suburbanizing

The Mercer Eco-City Index places three U.S. cities on the list of the twenty most environmentally sustainable cities. What U.S. city was not on that list?

Houston, Texas

In cities of the Global South, all of the following factors work to push people out of rural areas and into cities with the exception of:

rural industrialization.

The decentralized nature of the Internet may give an advantage to:

all of the above

If a make-shift settlement develops on land and if the people who build there have no title to the land, then the settlement is called a:

squatter settlement

With respect to city populations, rapid growth is to negative growth as:

African cities are to Russian cities

What is, and will continue to be, the most populous urban agglomeration on the continent of North America?

Mexico City

Norfolk, located in coastal Virginia, has been targeted as especially vulnerable to sea level rise. What other factor increases the city’s vulnerability?

the land is sinking

With 38 million people, what urban area will remain the world’s most populous at least through 2050?

Tokyo

Which of the following is made possible by ICT?

telecommuting

Both "Boomers" and "Millennials" are fueling the revitalization of central cities in the United States. Which one of the following reasons for this applies to the Boomers but not the Millennials?

empty nest syndrome

Pittsburgh was once the heart of the U.S. steel industry. What industries now form a significant part of Pittsburgh’s economic base?

engineering and medical research

Metropolitan decentralization is associated with:

CBD decline

Dubai’s Burj Khalifa and Brazil’s planned capital of Brasilia are examples of:

megaengineering projects

Ho Chi Minh City is likely to face more frequent, heavier rains, bigger storm surges, and more tropical storms. Why?

Global warming, which is expressed as higher temperatures over the adjacent South China Sea.

What two regions will account for an ever increasing number of the world’s megacities?

East Asia and South Asia

High fertility rates are a major influence on population growth and decline. In which one of the following countries would high fertility rates contribute the most to urban population increase?

India

Of the following, which one has had the greatest impact on time-space compression?

new communication technologies

Given the cities on the following list, what is the ratio of cities with high network connectivity to cities with low network connectivity?

Boston / Kinshasa / London / Pyongyang / Seoul

3 to 2

In general, cities in what country on the list below will not drop in rank among the world’s most populous urban agglomerations over the next several decades?

Nigeria

Urban gardening:

helps reduce the urban heat island effect

What urban region of the future was predicted by Constantinos Doxiadis?

ecumenopolis

Which one of the following describes an urban economic base that could be classified as a K-economy?

medical research and development, plus health care services

What percent of the world’s population now lives in urban areas?

just over 50%

Even in cities that are included in global networks, circumstances may exclude individuals and groups from having access to globalization’s positive benefits. Who might be excluded?

all of the above

What is the name of the technology that integrates vast data bases with georeferenced data in order to design, plan, and manage urban environments?

Geographic Information Systems

The Internet creates new opportunities for lower-ranking cites in the urban hierarchy to compete in niche markets. Which one of the following provides an example of this principle?

The musical recording industry of Brandon, Manitoba

In what year did the United States reach the urban‑majority mark?

1920

In general, cities in what country on the list below will not drop in rank among the world’s most populous urban agglomerations over the next several decades?

Nigeria

Pittsburgh was once the heart of the U.S. steel industry. What industries now form a significant part of Pittsburgh’s economic base?

engineering and medical research

What two regions will account for an ever increasing number of the world’s megacities?

East Asia and South Asia

According to the World Bank:

more than half of Africa’s urban resident do not have access to proper sanitation

Given the cities on the following list, what is the ratio of cities with high network connectivity to cities with low network connectivity?

3 to 2

Norfolk, located in coastal Virginia, has been targeted as especially vulnerable to sea level rise. What other factor increases the city’s vulnerability?

the land is sinking

Even in cities that are included in global networks, circumstances may exclude individuals and groups from having access to globalization’s positive benefits. Who might be excluded?

all of the above

Dubai’s Burj Khalifa and Brazil’s planned capital of Brasilia are examples of:

megaengineering projects

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