URP 3001 Exam 1

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A trip to Taipei, Taiwan, to study the Matsu parade would make an appropriate chapter for a book on the:

cultural geography of cities

Which one of the following terms is best used to refer to "a city and its suburbs"?

urban area

The world’s first cities appeared where?

Southwest Asia

"Loci of national sovereignty with landscapes that are charged with the symbols of solidarity (real or imagined) and museums that are the attics of the nation." To what category of cities does this description apply?

Capital cities

Regardless of how large a settlement is, it does not become truly urban until:

its workforce is divorced from the soil

Large cities are fewer in number and farther apart than medium-sized cities; medium-sized cites are fewer in number and farther apart than small cities. What theory accounts for the regularities of size and spacing of cities as market centers?

central place theory

a new town is:

comprehensively planned to be as self-contained as possible

Which one of the following would be categorized as an urban environmental risk at the local scale with a short-term impact?

increasing litter

What industry transformed the following cities: Adelaide, Australia; Tolliati, Russia; Turin, Italy; Detroit, USA?

automobile industry

Which one of the following continents does not now have one of the world’s five most populous urban agglomerations?


Hyperdiverse immigrant cities in the United States and Canada are characterized by:

both the celebration and contestation of cultural differences.

Self-contained urban villages and business improvement districts have been successful in U.S. cities, but they have also been criticized for all of the following except:

WRONG: making it impossible for artists to find affordable space to work"

Immigrants to Washington, D.C., are likely to reside in:

the suburbs

Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland rose to prominence during what era of urban history?

the era of industrial capitalism

What would you be least likely to find in the scores of "edge cities" which have materialized on the fringes of major metropolitan areas?

mass transit stations

In global city regions:

cities increasingly function as nodes of the global economy

With respect to language, the Ottawa city region is:

divided between English and French

Which one of the following describes the political status of language in Montreal?

French is the language of government, commerce, and education.

It has a population of over 50 million. It is where 1 out of every 6 Americans live. It is responsible for 20% of the United States’ Gross Domestic Product. What is it?


Shopping malls are to lifestyle centers as:

anchor department stores are to specialty shops

What capital city is sometimes referred to as a "Tropical Manhattan" or a "Singapore for Central America"?

Panama City

When it was founded in 1519, Panama City was important to the Spanish Crown because it offered a connection to:

Ecuador and Peru

According to the Griffin-Ford model, what category of land use borders the "spine" of a Latin American city?

elite residential land use

The large tract of open space surrounded by colonial buildings in the center of Mexico City is known as the:


Capital city, metacity, world city: What is the only city in Middle America and the Caribbean that would fit each of these three categories?

Mexico City

Which one of the following is not true of the development that stretches from Cancun to Belize City?

Its primary driver is casino gambling.

According to the Griffin-Ford model, what typifies the center of a Latin American city?

a plaza mayor surrounded by a grid of streets

Havana was founded in 1514 on the Caribbean coast of Cuba, but the area’s swampy and unhealthy nature forced colonists to relocate. The relocation of Havana was the result of problems with the original city’s:


To what city would you travel to see the oldest permanent European settlement in the Americas?

Santo Domingo

Which one of the following cities is incorrectly associated with the region in which it is located?

Mexico City is in Central America.

Using the term "dual cities" in the context of South American urbanism refers to:

WRONG: the contiguity between cities that constitute a single metropolitan area

Brazil’s 1956 Development Plan designated what city as the site of the country’s foreign-led automobile industry beginning with Volkswagen?

WRONG: Curitiba

As the gap between rich and poor has widened in most cities of South America, what has happened to the urban elite?

They have moved to protected luxury apartments and gated suburban communities.

The level of urbanization (percent urban) in South America approximates that of:

the US and Canada


has a center that is shaped like an airplane with a residential and governmental axis.

Guarded apartments, walled housing estates, chauffeured shuttles to private schools: these are all characteristics of:

defensive urbanism

With nearly 50 million people in an area the size of Austria, it represents a quarter of the national population and one-third of the GNP. What is it?

Brazil’s megalopolis

In which one of South America’s regions do cities have the largest proportion of indigenous inhabitants?

Andean America

Beginning in the 1960s, architect and mayor Jaime Lerner masterminded the evolution of what city into one of the pioneering laboratories of sustainable urbanism?


Self-help housing in South America is characterized by all of the following except:

planned zones of urban expansion

When sewer and storm water drains are combined into a single system:

sewage may enter waterways during storms

"the movement of products, money, information, and human talent around the world in ever larger quantities, at every lower costs, and in ever less time." what is it?


What US city grew because of a superior situation that was enhanced by the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825?

New York City

In the United States, which one of the following would have the largest population?

The Omaha Metropolitan area

According to geographer Peter Hall, "the first great city in world history" was:


Cities where raw materials or semi-finished products are transferred from one mode of transit to another are categorized as:

transportation centers

There is a disagreement over the criteria which differentiate world cities and global cities. According to Saskia Sassen, however, what are the only three truly global cities?

New York, London, Tokyo

Which one of the following jobs would most likely be classified as part of a city’s informal economy?

street vendor

Which one of the following is the most accurate statement about mercantilism?

trade subsidies and trade monopolies were essential to mercantilistic enterprise

Which one of the following is not an example of a city where immigration is a relatively new and very important phenomenon?

Which one of the following monikers would not fit Los Angeles?

City on the Bay

If you do not view Hurricane Katrina’s impact on New Orleans as a natural disaster, which one of the following sources of damage would you emphasize?

breaches in the poorly designed levees

What Canadian city leads in financial command functions?


Los Angeles was a small town in the 1880s. What then precipitated a growth boom?

arrival of the railroads

Smog in which one of the following cities provides an example of transnational air pollution because pollutants are carried across an international border by prevailing winds?


What two cities rank just below Mexico City in the country’s urban hierarchy?

Guadalajara and Monterrey

Havana’s prosperity during the first hundred years of its existence was tied to its role as:

WRONG: A mining town for the gold and silver of Cuba

What city was hit by an earthquake in 2010, killing more than 200,000 people and leaving thousands homeless?


The European settlement of Middle America and the Caribbean began circa:

1500 AD/CE

The most urbanized country in Central America is Panama at 77% urban. On the basis of that information, you could predict that Panama also has the:

What crop has consolidated Central America’s national capitals by the ends of the 19th century?


A Water War erupted in Cochabamba, Peru in 2000. What event precipitated these major uprisings and multiday protests by the city’s citizens

A global company was given control of the city’s water and it raised water fees

Which one of the following is not true with respect to spatial segregation in South American cities?

WRONG: Proximity seems to be accentuating tensions between social classes

The cities of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro were founded in what century?

16th Century

The ambulantes (street vendors) of South America’s cities:

represents one of the few occpations open to poor women

During its "golden age" in the late 19th century, it was known as the Paris of South America. To what city does this moniker refer?

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is located on the edge of the humid pampas. How would you describe the setting of Lima?

coastal desert

If you were studying cities located in the more developed countries, you might consider case studies in all of the following except:


The United Nations recently inaugurated a new category of city size: metacities. What is a metacity

urban agglomeration with over 20 million inhabitants

After the collapse of the Roman Empire, European cities declined, but in East Asia at least one city stood at over a million residents. What was that city?

Changan, China

Cities in which of the following countries would be classified as post-socialist cities?

Wrong: Germany

Over the next fifty years, virtually all of the world’s urban population growth will be concentrated in urban areas located in

Wrong: More developed regions

Textile manufacturing would be illustrative of which sector of a city’s economy?

secondary sector

Which one of the following cities would be most likely to fit the principles of central place theory?

Decatur, Illinois, an agricultural service center

How does the contemporary world’s urban population growth rate compare with the overall population growth rate?

Wrong: in some years the world’s urban population increases more rapidly than the world’s population as a whole and in other years it increases more slowly

Continents which do not have any megacities include

Antarctica and Australia

The immigrant population of Toronto:

hyperdiverse city

All of the following have fueled the growth of creative and designed-based industries in Montreal except:

an emphasis on retaining corporate headquarters functions

Which one of the following would not be associated with "fortress cities" as conceptualized in the book City of Quartz?

cars with headlights on for safety

In first, second, and third places among US metropolitan areas in population size are:

New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago

Which one of the following is not one of the US and Canada’s eleven recognized megalopolitan regions?

I-40 from Memphis to Oklahoma City

Montreal has lost the headquarters of many of Canada’s 500 largest companies to what city?


The city of Los Angeles is so large that it has several business districts, including Hollywood and Beverly Hills. This is reminiscent of the:

multiple nuclei model

After 1898, what foreign country got involved in Havana’s road and railroad expansion, sugar and cigar factory construction, and the newly arrived automobile industry?

United States

The migration of Mexican workers to the United States began in the 1940s because:

labor was needed by US corporate farms

Which city among the following has the highest per capita income and the lowest rates of gang violence?

San Jose

The industrial free zone along the border between the Dominican Republic and the Haiti operates on the same principles as:


What drove the initial demand for African slaves in the Caribbean Basin?

sugar plantations

Which of the following is not associated with the concept of "enclave urbanism"?

interconnected neighborhoods

One of the main reasons for the building of Brasilia was to:

redistribute the population from the coast to the interior

The earliest urban anchor of Portugal’s colonial holdings in South America and the second largest city in the entire Portuguese realm at the time was:

Salvador da Bahia

Which one of the following is not true with respect to spatial segregation in South American cities?

Polarization of lifestyles by neighborhood is decreasing

A right-angled gridiron of streets oriented around a central plaza was the urban form required under:

Spain’s "Laws of the Indies"

The growth of Lima during the second half of the 20th century could best be described as:

rapid and unplanned

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