Unit 6

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Which of the following BEST describes the possible impact of tobacco use on families?

all of the above

A carcinogen is a cancer-causing substance.


How do tobacco products affect the finances of the smoker?

all of the above

Which of the following statements about the societal costs of tobacco use is TRUE?

Tobacco users contribute to an overall loss of productivity.

A role model, like a popular public figure, that smokes could increase an individual’s desire to use tobacco.


The effects of tobacco use on society include high taxes and loss of life.


Smoking in a social situation to fit in, even though you don’t want to, is an example of __________.

reluctant acceptance

Which of the following statements about tobacco products is TRUE?

Tobacco products contain over 4,000 different chemicals.

A desire to feel included or belong to a group can contribute to an individual using tobacco.


Which of the following factors might make tobacco use more appealing to teens?

Tobacco is easy to obtain.

Smoking reduces a person’s life span by an average of __________.

13 to 14 years

Advertising or promoting the use of tobacco to adolescents is prohibited.


What percentage of adult deaths is attributed in part to smoking?

10% 20% 30% 40%

How have high taxes on tobacco products impacted the number of people who use them?

The number of tobacco users has decreased.

Smoking can have both long- and short-term effects on an individual’s health.


A 10% increase in cigarette prices has been found to result in a _____ decrease of smokers.


What is the minimum age that individuals can purchase tobacco legally in most US states?


Environmental tobacco smoke causes the death of approximately 7,000 nonsmokers per year.


Secondhand smoke is more dangerous in enclosed spaces.


Which of the following effects of smoking is an individual least likely to experience from secondhand smoke?

a change in senses a change in physical appearance yellowing teeth a change in physical ability

As a testament to how bad smoking is, _____ of current smokers would like to quit.


Becoming educated about the dangers of smoking can help you to refuse cigarettes.


Most teenage smokers who try to quit are successful.


When trying to quit smoking using individual strategies, you should __________.

celebrate every success

Which of the following is the BEST way to refuse an offer of tobacco products?

give an excuse

Which of the following is NOT a national resource for quitting smoking?

Nicotine Anonymous

The majority of those who smoke would like to quit.


Being a living example of a tobacco-free lifestyle can __________.

all of the above

Which of the following is a good individual resource to help quit smoking?

a professional

Which strategy is a good step for resisting smoking?

Practice your responses to an offer to smoke before being asked.

Which of the following statements is NOT true about alcohol?

Alcohol is a depressant, which means it speeds up the nervous system.

Approximately, how many commercials promoting alcoholic beverages do teens see each year?


95% of violent crimes committed on college campuses are alcohol-related.


Alcohol is one of the most widely used drugs in society and approximately half of the American population consumes alcohol.


Paula believes that drinking will help her relax and calm her nerves. Which of the following factors is most likely influencing her decision to drink alcohol?


Which of the following forms of alcohol can be consumed?


Proof is the standard measure used to determine how much alcohol is contained in an alcoholic beverage.


Carol can be defined as a social drinker because she can easily limit drinking and she chiefly drinks alcohol when she is out with friends or family members.


Which of the following statements is TRUE about the relationship between alcoholism and genetics?

Alcoholism is strongly tied to genetics, and children of alcoholics are more likely to become alcoholics themselves.

Which of the following statements is NOT true?

It is against the law to be in an establishment that serves alcohol unless you’re 21

Which of the following statements is NOT accurate of blood alcohol content (BAC)?

BAC is used to determine number of beverages consumed.

Drinking five ounces of wine is better for the body than drinking twelve ounces of beer because there’s less pure alcohol in a glass of wine.


Which of the following BEST describes the consequences of driving under the influence?

Apart from fines and jail time, driving under the influence puts the life of the driver and everyone else on the road at risk.

Which of the following is NOT true about alcohol and sexual activity?

Drinking alcohol may lead to enhanced sensitivity while engaging in sexual activity.

Which of the following is NOT a learning difficulty children with fetal alcohol syndrome face?

Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause children to have increased IQs.

Which of the following statements BEST describes the effects that alcoholism has on one’s life?

Alcoholism can bring turmoil to the entire family and can affect one’s school or work performance.

Long-term alcohol use is more severe in older people than younger people because older people’s body systems are generally weaker.


Which of the following is NOT a behavioral difficulty children with fetal alcohol syndrome face?

problems with shyness

Which of the following is NOT an effect of alcohol on the digestive system?

Excessive amounts of alcohol can cause breathing to slow, become irregular, or stop.

Which of the following is a short-term effect of alcohol use?


During pregnancy, mothers should abstain from drinking alcohol because a fetus’s liver is unable to process alcohol due to underdevelopment.


Which of the following statement is TRUE about the effect that alcohol has on society?

Many societal problems are directly related to alcohol, such as domestic violence and child neglect.

Which of the following is NOT a factor that influences a person’s reaction to alcohol?

intellectual capacity

Pregnant women can protect their fetus from developing fetal alcohol syndrome by not drinking alcohol during pregnancy.


Exposure to alcohol affects the blood supply to the fetus and can cause physical deformities to the face, eyes, and heart.


Alcoholism isn’t a "real" addiction.


Tara would be considered an alcoholic because she continues to drink alcohol even though her doctor has warned her of the severe health damages it’s causing.


Involuntary functions, such as breathing, may shut down if a person has alcohol poisoning.


How does planning activities with friends who don’t drink help you avoid situations involving alcohol?

You are all less likely to want to go somewhere alcohol is served.

All of the following are examples of nonprofits that work towards educating people about alcohol and aiding in the process of rehabilitation EXCEPT:

Boys and Girls Club of America

Why is alcoholism considered a chronic disease?

Alcoholism requires lifelong treatment.

Alcohol treatment options can vary depending upon the severity of an individual’s alcohol problem.


An alcohol awareness program sponsored by a local police department is an example of a __________.

government program

An individual alcohol treatment program is most likely to be sought out by __________.

the individual with the alcohol problem

Which of the following is NOT an alcohol-related fact?

Everyone is drinking.

Which type of alcohol awareness and education program would you expect to be active in the smallest geographical area?


One strategy to remain alcohol-free is to be armed with facts about alcohol use.


Why is the simplest strategy for remaining alcohol-free simply to avoid situations where alcohol is present?

You cannot be tempted to drink alcohol if none is available.

FDA regulations require that all medication labels include __________.

specific ingredients and possible side effects

All drugs can be considered medicines.


Which US government agency is responsible for regulating medications?


Which of these statements BEST describes the synergistic interaction effect?

an interaction between two or more medicines that increases their effectiveness

The Food and Drug Act was the first US law that regulated medicine.


The FDA regulates facilities that manufacture OTC medications.


Which of these FDA regulations required that manufacturers disclose possible dangers and side effects of their medicines?

Kefauver-Harris Amendment

Which of the following is NOT a major type of medicine?


Switching drugs to OTC status generally increases costs for insured patients.


Medicines that relieve pain are called __________.


Why are drugs like depressants described as the opposite of amphetamines?

Stimulants increase breathing and heart rate while depressants slow these functions.

Which of the following statements BEST describes tobacco?

It is only legal for people age 18 and older.

Only teens can abuse illegal drugs.


Why might overweight people choose to abuse a stimulant?

to lose weight

Which of the following is NOT a major source of pressure that influences teens to seek escape through drug abuse?

a supportive network of friends

Why do anabolic steroids differ from other illegal drugs?

They do not cause intoxication.

Not all drugs are considered medicines because __________.

medicines are used to cure, treat, and prevent diseases

Which of the following statements is false?

By law, the media must portray drug use accurately and honestly.

Most designer drugs are meant to imitate the effects of painkillers


The nonmedical use of a drug would be an example of drug abuse.


Drug abuse can often lead to suicide because __________.

all of the above

Teens are more susceptible to the effects of drugs than adults.


The only person that is negatively affected by drug use is the addict.


Prolonged use of psychoactive drugs can cause brain damage.


Drug use can cause the spread of diseases.


Which of the following statements is NOT true about drug dependence?

People that are dependent on drugs can stop using the drug without experiencing any side effects.

Illegal drug use often leads to more illegal behavior.


Choose the correct cycle of addiction.

drug use, tolerance, dependence, addiction, withdrawal

Which of the following are behaviors that often result from drug use?

engaging in criminal activiy

The cost of drug use for the public involves all the following EXCEPT:

decrease in prevention and treatment costs

Life skills and relapse prevention training are both included in treatment programs.


Residential treatment facilities often offer GED preparation and career training.


Most people who become addicted to drugs are able to stop on their own and do not need outside help.


Patients needing social detox __________.

need medication to assist with detoxing

The first step of drug addiction treatment is to __________.

gather patient information

One of the most effective strategies for resisting drugs is simply to __________.

avoid situations where drugs are present

All of the following are drug-resistant strategies EXCEPT:

screaming for help

Schools enforcing zero-tolerance policies punish students in possession of any unauthorized drugs.


Stating the consequences of drug use is a resistance strategy that can involve __________.

all of the above

Giving an excuse to someone offering drugs is the only way to refuse them.


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