Unit 3 Chapters 23-25

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After World War II, the only nation that could rival the United states was:

the Soviet Union.

The policy of "containment" can best be described as:

preventing the spread of communism worldwide.

The "Iron Curtain"

separated the free West from the communist East.

Why did American policymakers agree to spend billions of dollars on the economic recovery of Europe under the Marshall Plan?

They were afraid that if they did not help with he recovery, western European nations might fall into the Soviet sphere of influence.

The Berlin Blockade was:

the reaction by the Soviet Union to the establishment of a separate currency in western Berlin’s occupied zones.

Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for?

A permanent military buildup and a global application of containment.

Why did the United States back away from pressuring its European allies to grant self-government to colonies in Asia and Africa?

American diplomats valued nations like France more highly for their alliance in the European Cold War.

The impact of the Cold War on American culture was:

especially evident in the movies.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights:

included freedom of speech and religion.

How did the Soviet focus on social and economic rights in the Cold War human rights debate affect American attitudes?

In the climate of anticommunist hysteria, it prompted many Americans to condemn these rights as a first step to socialism.

Why did nearly 5 million workers walk off their jobs over the course of 1946?

The removal of price controls resulted in a drop in workers’ real income.

President Truman’s civil rights plan called for all of the following EXCEPT:


All of the following statements about the Cold War’s impact on American life are true EXCEPT:

Cold War military spending weakened the economy.

Operation Wetback:

was a military operation that rounded up illegal aliens found in Mexican-American neighborhoods for deportation.

How did white supremacists take advantage of anticommunist rhetoric?

They charged African-American civil rights leaders with a communist agenda.

Civil rights initiatives after 1948:

waned, given widespread American sentiment that any criticism of American society smacked of "disloyalty."

The Taft-Hartley Act:

outlawed the closed shop.

What about the golden age of capitalism between 1946 and 1960 was most beneficial for Americans?

Most monetary gains reached ordinary citizens through rising wages.

Which of the following is NOT true about the growth of the postwar West?

Washington and Oregon eclipsed California’s population, due to unprecedented employment opportunities in the defense industry.

Why did auto manufacturers and oil companies vault to the top ranks of corporate America in the 1950s?

The consumer demand for the automobile boomed in this decade.

Why were American suburbs of the 1950s so heavily segregated?

Residents, brokers, and realtors dealt in contracts and mortgages that barred the sale to non-white residents.

Between 1950 and 1970, suburbanization:

hardened racial divisions in American life.

How did American companies contribute to the influx of Puerto Rican migrants by the hundreds of thousands beginning in the 1950s?

The increasing control of land by U.S. sugar companies on the island pushed small tobacco and coffee farmers off the land and into a search for jobs on the mainland.

The new conservatives:

emphasized tradition, community, and moral commitment.

Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed which kind of individuals to his cabinet?

Wealthy businessmen to run the government like an efficient business.

How did President Dwight D. Eisenhower surpass the New Deal in Government involvement in the economy?

He presided over the construction of 41,000 miles of interstate highways.

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles’s policy of massive retaliation:

declared that any Soviet attack would be countered by a nuclear attack.

Why did the Soviet Union strongly support the national independence movements in the new Third World?

They hoped to convince new nations to ally themselves with the eastern bloc against European and American imperialists.

Ngo Dinh Diem:

was backed by the United States in his decision to ignore the Geneva Accords’ plan for elections in Vietnam.

What made Elvis such a popular celebrity?

He brought the rhythms and sexually provocative movements of black musicians to white audiences.

What inspiration did Martin Luther King Jr. gain from Mahatma Gandhi?

The idea of peaceful civil disobedience.

Governor Orval Faubus responded to the court-ordered desegregation of Central High School:

with defiance, refusing to comply and allowing violence to break out.

The 1960 presidential debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon:

highlighted the impace of television on political campaigns.

Which event did President John F. Kennedy blame on the failures of the Eisenhower administration?

The launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik.

In his 1961 farewell address, President Eisenhower warned Americans about:

the military-industrial complex.

The Freedom Rides of 1961 traveled through which of the following states?

Alabama and Mississippi

The 1963 March on Washington:

was a high point in black and white cooperation.

What did President John F. Kennedy have in common with his predecessor Dwight D. Eisenhower?

Both tended to view the entire world through the lens of the Cold War.

During the Bay of Pigs invasion:

the CIA failed in its mission.

Which of the following was NOT true of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

The crisis was part of a dispute between the United States and he Soviet Union after a U.S. Navy vessel carrying nuclear warheads was intercepted off the coast of Turkey.

Why did John F. Kennedy consider civil rights a moral crisis for the nation?

He found racial discrimination incompatible with the United States’ claim for leadership of the free world.

During Freedom Summer:

a coalition of civil rights groups launched a voter registration drive in Mississippi

What did the defeat of Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater show?

The civil rights movement had redrawn the political map and opened the South to he Republican Party.

On what grounds could foreign nationals apply for immigrant status in the United States after 1965?

Their family ties to U.S. citizens or other immigrants.

Which of the following statements best describes the legacy of the War on Poverty?

It helped significantly reduce America’s incidence of poverty.

The free speech movement:

began in Berkeley to protest a campus ban on political groups convening and distributing literature at a central meeting place.

Why did the United States continue to support South Vietnamese leader Ngo Dinh Diem’s corrupt and weak regime?

Presidents Kennedy and Johnson feared losing Vietnam to communism.

After the Stonewall riot:

a militant gay liberation movement was born.

In 1966, the Supreme Court ruled in Miranda v Arizona that:

those in police custody had certain rights.

The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision:

created a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion.

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