Unit 2- Cardiorespiratory Fitness

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What respiratory structure controls breathing?


Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a healthy diet?

low in carbohydrates

Briefly explain why maintaining a healthy weight is important in cardiovascular system care

Maintaining a healthy weight reduces the stress on the heart and blood vessels.

Which of the following is a healthy blood pressure level?


Explain why cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in men and women in the United States.

Generally, many cardiovascular diseases are related to lifestyle behaviors. Factors that contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease include lack of a balanced diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and the lack of regular doctor visits.

List another name for the larynx and the importance it plays in the human body.

The larynx is also called the voice box. While its main function is to allow a person to speak, it also protects the trachea.

The cardiovascular system, which transports blood through the body, is a one-way system.


Which of the following is a possible result of hypertension?


Explain how smoking damages the respiratory system and name two conditions that can develop when a person smokes.

It causes damage to the windpipe and can cause cancer or diseases.

Describe the location and importance of cilia and mucus in the respiratory system.

Mucus and cilia help filter dust and dirt. Cilia are small, hair-like structures in the nasal passage and trachea. Mucus is also found in the nasal passage and the trachea.

In the human body, the larynx is attached to the trachea.


Nutrients and waste both enter and leave cells through a process called __________.


Each lung is fed oxygen by a separate bronchus.


Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood to capillaries.


Your friend Amanda suffers from a condition that reduces her blood’s ability to carry oxygen. Which of the following is the name of that condition?


The aorta pumps blood out of the heart to the rest of the body.


Air is warmed and moisten as it moves through both the mouth and nasal passages.


The human cardiovascular system is considered closed because __________.

there are no holes for blood to enter or leave the system

The right ventricle transports oxygenated blood to the lungs.


Both the heart and arteries contract to pump blood throughout the body.


Stress is a factor that contributes to heart disease risk.


Which of the following is NOT a symptom of cardiomyopathy?


Which of the following is NOT a lifestyle risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

physical activity

The most important step for preventing cardiovascular disease is to live a healthy lifestyle.


Angioplasty is the most typical treatment for arteriosclerosis


What distinguishes atherosclerosis from arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is characterized by plaque buildup.

Which of the following is NOT a treatment for high blood pressure?

an LDL-rich diet

A myocardial infarction is a heart attack.


Hypertension is called "the silent killer" because __________.

it generally has no symptoms

Hypertension is NOT a type of cardiovascular disease.


Which of the following physiological effects occurs as a result of increased exercise?

the body’s blood pressure decreases throughout the body

The cardiovascular system helps move hormones throughout the body during exercise.


As a person ages, his or her levels of cardiorespiratory fitness tend to __________.


Your maximum oxygen intake is a measurement of the ability __________.

all of the above are measured by maximum oxygen intake

Increasing cardiorespiratory fitness levels is difficult for experienced athletes because __________.

they have already achieved high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness

During exercise, the oxygen concentration in the blood increases to twice that of resting levels


During exercise, an individual’s heart rate tends to increase steadily until __________.

a level of consistent intensity has been reached

How is blood pressure in the body affected by exercise?

systolic pressure increases, diastolic pressure remains constant

Females are unable to maintain a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness.


The muscular and cardiovascular systems can both be overloaded during exercise.


Which of the following is NOT a reason why exercise routines should have clearly stated goals?

Goals allow individuals to track their progress against others.

Which of the following is NOT an example of an anaerobic

jumping rope

Which of the following is the BEST reason to rest muscle groups between workouts?

It allows the muscles time to heal

Which of the following BEST describes cardiovascular fitness?

the ability of the body to do prolonged work

Why do people who participate in marathons tend to have smaller muscles?

Muscle endurance is more important for them than muscle strength.

Specificity means an exercise program should have end goals that target specific areas.


Anaerobic exercise does not require the body to use any extra oxygen.


What effect does increased blood flow have on the body when performing exercises?

delivers more oxygen to the body

Which of the following is the BEST example of increasing the intensity of a workout?

running one mile faster than normal

Which of the following athletic programs are associated with special needs?

all of the above

Explain how one remains properly hydrated during exercise and why it is important.

its important to drink water before, during, and after the game because if you’re dehydrated, you’ll pass out. also stay away from sugary drinks because it increases dehydration and can lead to vomiting.

What are some common issues for special needs individuals that may require special consideration while exercising or playing sports?

Special consideration may be required for a lot of issues some which are medical issues. other issues would be development or learning.

Swimming burns more calories per hour than aerobics and cycling.


The special needs participant should be allowed to choose his or her own athletic equipment.


Which of the following statements is TRUE about heart rate and exercise?

Maximum heart rate can be calculated by taking 220 minus your age

Explain what it means to adapt the environment for those with special needs.

to adapt those with special needs to their environment means to not exclude them from functioning in their own environment. Modifications can be made to their surroundings.

Describe how to determine your maximum heart rate and why heart rate is important to monitor while exercising.

Your maximum heart rate should be less then 200 and at least 130 when exercising. Its important to monitor your heart rate because you don’t need to do an intense activity nor push yourself to do something you can’t handle.

Which of the following is NOT true concerning the effects of pollutants on exercise?

Pollutant advisory warnings should be ignored.

Compare and contrast the benefits and effects of running and walking

Both running and walking can be done anywhere. both require no equipment. Running has a higher impact than walking.

When considering special needs acceptance guidelines, which of the following is NOT included?

A "one-size fits all" approach should be maintained.

Which of the following is NOT true about running and walking?

Both burn the same amount of calories.

Which of the following is NOT true about experiencing pain during exercise?

You should jog around to stabilize any pain during exercise.

Only special needs children should see the doctor before beginning an exercise program.


Walking and running both have low impact on joints.


It is best to eat within an hour of exercising.


Modifying the rules for special needs athletes can mean __________.

allowing more attempts to accomplish the task

All of the following are true about eating prior to exercise EXCEPT:

eating increases the amount of oxygen available during exercise

Special needs issues include all of the following EXCEPT:

athletic issues

Taking a group fitness class or cycling with others motivates many individuals to continue exercising


As people age, they become unable to control their cardiorespiratory fitness levels.


Which of the following is NOT transferred by alveoli?


All forms of aerobic activity can promote cardiorespiratory fitness.


Continuously running three miles every day over the course of 10 weeks is an example of the exercise principle progression.


What are the odds of nonsmokers developing cardiovascular disease when compared to smokers?

Nonsmokers are half as likely to develop cardiovascular disease.

Which of the following is NOT an element of progression?


Explain what distinguishes a stroke from a heart attack.

A heart attack occurs in the heart and a stroke occurs in the brain. A stroke can lead to paralysis and a heart attack is when your heart fails to pump blood throughout the body.

__________ of the population of the United States is obese.


Briefly explain why maintaining a healthy weight is important in cardiovascular system care.

maintaining a healthy weight can prevent cardiovascular failure. cardiovascular health is related to weight. the more weight you gain, the higher your blood pressure will increase.

Explain why living a healthy lifestyle is the most important step in preventing cardiovascular disease.

by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you prevent the blockage of blood vessels from happening

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