U.S. History B Final Exam

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1. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor to limit the ability of the United States to (2 points)

(0 pts) fulfill its Lend-Lease commitments with Britain. (0 pts) resist Japan’s invasion of America’s west coast. (0 pts) slow Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union. (2 pts) mount a strong resistance to Japanese expansion in Asia and the Pacific.

2. During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union were united in (2 points)

(2 pts) their opposition to Nazi Germany. (0 pts) their hatred of totalitarianism. (0 pts) their embrace of democratic principles. (0 pts) their efforts to free China from communism.

3. World War II increased opportunities for women because (2 points)

(0 pts) most men were striking for higher wages. (0 pts) there were few jobs available for men. (0 pts) only about half of all women in their 20s were sent into combat. (2 pts) industry desperately needed more workers.

4. Which one of the following was an important precedent set during the Korean War? (2 points)

(0 pts) The United States had sent troops to war in Asia for the first time. (0 pts) U.S. forces had allied themselves with communists to fight totalitarianism. (2 pts) The president had committed troops to battle without a congressional declaration of war. (0 pts) Congress had ordered troops into action over the opposition of the president.

5. During the Cold War, which policy did the United States and the Soviet Union hope would prevent either country from using nuclear weapons against the other? (2 points)

(0 pts) the Eisenhower Doctrine (0 pts) brinkmanship (0 pts) mutual disarmament (2 pts) Mutual Assured Destruction

6. The end of rationing and other restrictions after World War II (2 points)

(0 pts) marked the beginning of a downward economic spiral. (2 pts) opened the floodgates to consumer purchases. (0 pts) signaled the end of the wartime economic boom. (0 pts) was strongly opposed by American businesses.

10. Which of the following societal factors contributed to the change in car ownership seen in the chart? (2 points)

(0 pts) white collar job growth (0 pts) the Great Depression (2 pts) suburbanization (0 pts) the counterculture movement

7. Who was most likely to move to the suburbs in the 1950s? (2 points)

(2 pts) white middle class families (0 pts) single young men (0 pts) African American women (0 pts) poor rural families

8. What new innovation heavily influenced popular culture during the 1950s? (2 points)

(0 pts) the radio (2 pts) the television (0 pts) the internet (0 pts) the record player

9. According to this graph, car ownership rose the greatest during the (2 points)

(0 pts) late 1940s (2 pts) early 1950s (0 pts) early 1960s (0 pts) late 1960s

11. Which states allowed but did not require school segregation? (2 points)

(0 pts) Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Wyoming (2 pts) Arizona, Kansas, New Mexico, Wyoming (0 pts) Arizona, Texas, Kansas, Wyoming (0 pts) Arizona, Mississippi, Florida, Virginia

12. Brown v. Board of Education challenged (2 points)

(0 pts) the right of all people to become educated. (2 pts) the "separate but equal" principle in education. (0 pts) the policy of busing students to schools far from home. (0 pts) the right of the courts to decide educational issues.

13. According to the graph, how did African American voter registration in Louisiana change from 1964 to 1968? (2 points)

(0 pts) Voter registration declined by 50 percent. (2 pts) Voter registration almost doubled. (0 pts) Voter registration did not change. (0 pts) Voter registration rose by 10 percent.

14. What action allowed this rise in voter registration? (2 points)

(0 pts) The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (2 pts) the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (0 pts) the Economic Opportunity Act (0 pts) the March on Washington

15. In his address to the nation, what did President Kennedy say would improve civil rights in the United States? (2 points)

(0 pts) new economic incentives put in place by Congress (0 pts) the use of federal troops in support of local police (2 pts) new laws and a change in people’s conduct in their daily lives (0 pts) a stronger foreign policy and new domestic civil rights laws

16. The Cuban missile crisis led the United States and the Soviet Union to (2 points)

(2 pts) move toward détente. (0 pts) tear down the Berlin Wall. (0 pts) fight several battles in Cuba. (0 pts) break off diplomatic relations.

17. Why was the Tet Offensive a strategic blow for the United States? (2 points)

(0 pts) The offensive resulted in the fall of South Vietnam. (2 pts) The offensive demonstrated that the communists had not lost the will or ability to fight. (0 pts) South Vietnamese urban cities supported the communists. (0 pts) Communist forces took and held a number of many South Vietnamese cities.

18. President Nixon’s plan for U.S. troops to withdraw as South Vietnamese government forces assumed more combat duties was known as (2 points)

(2 pts) Vietnamization (0 pts) Khmer Rouge. (0 pts) "All the Way USA." (0 pts) Operation Rolling Thunder

19. How has the Vietnam War affected the attitude of Americans toward future conflicts around the world? (2 points)

(0 pts) The American people have been more eager to use military force in pursuing national interests. (2 pts) Americans have been less willing to intervene in the affairs of other countries. (0 pts) American soldiers have volunteered to fight against communism in other countries. (0 pts) The war has had very little effect on Americans’ attitude toward conflict.

20. Nixon wanted to establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China because (2 points)

(0 pts) many Americans believed it was the right thing to do. (0 pts) he faced pressure from Congress. (0 pts) he wanted to drive a wedge between China and India. (2 pts) there were many economic and political benefits to gain.

21. What generation of Americans participated in the counterculture? (2 points)

(0 pts) the Silent Generation (2 pts) Baby Boomers (0 pts) Generation X (0 pts) Generation Y

22. The Silent Spring by Rachel Carson heavily influenced which activist movement? (2 points)

(0 pts) the counterculture (0 pts) the women’s movement (2 pts) the environmental movement (0 pts) the Chicano movement

23. The Equal Rights Amendment was a proposed amendment to the Constitution that would have (2 points)

(0 pts) guaranteed racial equality in government. (2 pts) guaranteed gender equality. (0 pts) banned discrimination based upon age. (0 pts) outlawed discrimination against Hispanics.

24. The Camp David Accords provided the framework for a treaty in which Egypt (2 points)

(0 pts) agreed to stop fighting against Iraq. (0 pts) agreed to help end the Iranian hostage crisis. (2 pts) formally recognized Israel as a state. (0 pts) agreed to resume oil shipments to the United States.

25. In 1979, relations between the United States and the Soviet Union worsened when the (2 points)

(2 pts) Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. (0 pts) United States invaded Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. (0 pts) Berlin Wall fell. (0 pts) Soviet Union rejected the SALT II treaty.

26. Soviet leader Gorbachev pursued glasnost and perestroika because (2 points)

(0 pts) Reagan asked him to. (0 pts) he wanted to establish a socialist economy. (2 pts) the Soviet Union faced serious economic and political problems. (0 pts) he hoped to strengthen the Soviet hold on Eastern Europe

27. How has globalization affected jobs in industrialized nations? (2 points)

(2 pts) Many manufacturing jobs have moved to less developed nations. (0 pts) Most of the jobs in service industries have moved to less developed nations. (0 pts) Pay for factory jobs has increased sharply as low-paying jobs move overseas. (0 pts) More jobs have become available for unskilled workers.

28. Which state’s voting results were key to determining the winner of the 2000 presidential election? (2 points)

(0 pts) Ohio (0 pts) Iowa (0 pts) Texas (2 pts) Florida

29. Which of the following was a contributing factor to the economic crisis of 2008? (2 points)

(0 pts) balanced budget and decreased federal deficits (0 pts) lower taxes and more disposable income for families (2 pts) indiscriminate and risky banking practices (0 pts) increased federal funding tied to student academic success

30. Which of the following regions populations grew the slowest during the second half of the 1900s? (2 points)

(2 pts) The Midwest (0 pts) The Southwest (0 pts) The Southeast (0 pts) The West Coast

31. The bitterness left behind in parts of Europe by the Treaty of Versailles contributed to the rise of (2 points)

(0 pts) socialism. (0 pts) democracy. (0 pts) republicanism. (2 pts) totalitarianism.

32. Who was most likely to have opposed the PATRIOT ACT? (2 points)

(0 pts) the Defense Department (2 pts) the American Civil Liberties Union (0 pts) President George W. Bush (0 pts) the Department of Homeland Security

33. Which of the following describes why Germany embraced a totalitarian regime in the 1930s? (2 points)

(0 pts) Germany’s economy flourished right after World War I. (0 pts) Germans accepted the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. (2 pts) Germans trusted Hitler’s promises that Germany would rise again. (0 pts) Germany needed a multi-party dictatorship to control all aspects of life.

34. What did Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society achieve? (2 points)

(2 pts) It established the Medical Care for the Aged Program, or Medicare, for Americans age 65 and older. (0 pts) It provided federal funds to primary and secondary schools in upper-class communities. (0 pts) It established a quota system that favored Western European immigrants and limited immigrants from other parts of the world. (0 pts) It limited the production of automobiles to focus on safety standards for vehicles.

35. Which of the following describes an effect of the Watergate scandal? (2 points)

(2 pts) Amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act limited the amount of money an individual could legally give to a presidential campaign. (0 pts) The Freedom of Information Act Amendments failed to penalize President Nixon for withholding documents illegally. (0 pts) The Sunshine Act required government agency meetings to be kept private from the public. (0 pts) The Ethics in Government Act endorsed government officials’ ability to lobby.

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