U.S. Government Scavenger Hunt

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How often are Representatives to be elected?

Every second year

How old must a Representative be to be elected?

25 years old

How long is the term for senator?

6 years

How were senators originally chosen? Which amendment changed that?

Chosen by the state legislatures, and the 17th amendment changed it.

How old does someone have to be to be senator?

30 years old

Who is the president of the Senate and when may that person vote?

The Vice President and they may vote when there is a tie.

Which legislative body has the power of the impeachment and which body has the power to try an impeached official?

House of Representatives had the power to impeach, and the senate has they power to try an impeached official.

Who shall officiate when a president is tried for impeachment?

Chief of Justice of the Supreme Court.

What is the required vote that is necessary to convict someone who has been impeached?

2/3rd or basically 66 out of a 100 votes is needed to convict

What is the only penalty that can be imposed on someone who has been impeached?

Being removed from office and also prevented from ever holding a federal position again.

Who decides the times, places, and manner for holding elections for Congress?

Each state legislature, but the congress can overrule state election laws.

In what federal body do all bills concerning taxes originate?

The House of Representatives

What fraction of both houses must vote to override a veto?

2/3rd vote

What happens when a president doesn’t return a bill in 10 days and what is the exception to that rule?

Bill automatically becomes a law, and the exception is if congress has adjourned the bill dies.

In section 8, the Constitution lists or enumerates the powers of Congress. List six of them.

Power to tax Power to declare war Maintain a navy Power to borrow bonds

In section 8, which clause gives Congress the most general, non-specific powers?

Clause 18 and the elastic clause gives Congress most general, non-specific powers.

In section 9, there are three limitations on the power of Congress to deny people rights. What are those three limitations?

1. Ex post facto where the government can’t make an action a crime after it has already been committed. 2. Right of Habeous Corpus where the government can not hold someone without evidence. 3. Bills of Attainder is where the government can’t pass a law which denies the jury a trial.

When can the right of Habeous Corpus be suspended?

During times of war

Name three limits on the powers of the state’s.

Carry on a war Pass laws the federal government is prohibited from passing Collect fees from foreign vessels

How old does someone have to be to be elected president?

35 years old

How is it determined how many electors each state has?

The complete number of representatives and senators from each state.

Name three powers of the President.

Make treaties Give Congress information of the state of the Union Be commander and chief of the Navy and Army when called to help serve

Name the body of Congress that must approve a treaty that the president has negotiated and the fraction of the vote they must approve it by.

Senate approves treaty and takes 2/3rds to vote and approve.

Which body of Congress approves nominations?


When can the president appoint people without approval by anyone else?

When Congress is not in session.

What can a president or other officers be impeached for?

Being convicted of bribery, high crimes, treason, and misdemeanors.

What is the term of office for Supreme Court Justices? When may they be removed?

They serve their entire lives and can be removed if they commit treason.

Who gets to decide how many federal courts we have?


In which cases does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?

Is the authority to hear the case for the first time and is used when the U.S. Supreme Court hears cases which involve ambassadors and high officials.

What must be necessary to convict someone of treason?

There must be two witnesses to testify And some form of treason has been committed.

What is the topic of Article IV?

The relations which are among the states.

What does the Constitution say about how one state must regard the laws of another state?

They must recognize the laws and the court decisions of all the states.

What limitation is put on admitting new states to the Union?

Each citizen of a state has equal treatment in al the states.

What fraction of the houses of Congress is necessary to approve a proposed amendment?

2/3 of the houses

What fraction of the states must approve a proposed amendment for it to be ratified?

3/4th of a vote is needed to approve a proposed amendment.

What fraction of the states can ask for a convention to propose new amendments?

2/3 of the states

What is the only limitation in the Constitution as to what can be the basis of an amendment?

An amendment which would ban slave trade couldn’t be added before the year 1808.

What does the Constitution say about which law shall predominate if there is any conflict between laws?

The constitution is the supreme law of the land and no law can ever conflict it.

What qualification for holding any public office is forbidden?

No religious test allowed

How many states had to ratify the Constitution?

9 states

Name the five basic civil liberties guaranteed in the First Amendment.

Speech Religion Press Assembly Petition

Which amendment extended the vote to 18 years old?


Which amendment outlaws "cruel and unusual punishments?"


Which amendment ended slavery?


Put the Ninth Amendment in your own words.

People’s rights aren’t limited to those in the Constitution.

Put the Tenth Amendment in your own words.

The states or the people retain all powers except those which deny them or those specifically granted to the federal government.

Which amendment prevents a citizen of North Carolina suing the state of Georgia?


Which amendment said that states couldn’t prevent people from voting based on their race?


Which amendment said that a person couldn’t be tried twice for the same crime?


When can the government take private property and what must the government give the owners? Which amendment establishes this?

Property can be taken from the public as long as the people get compensated and this is in the 5th amendment.

What phrase is repeated in both the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments?

Right to due process

Which amendment defined citizenship?


List the rights that the accused has when suspected of a crime.

Grand jury to determine if there should be a trial form evidence and the right for a fast and fair trial.

Which amendment prohibited alcohol? Which Amendment repealed the prohibition on alcohol?

18th and 21st repealed it

Which amendment gave women the right to vote and in what year was it passed?


Which amendment decided that a person could be president for only two terms?


On what day does the Constitution state that a new president shall be inaugurated? Which amendment establishes this? When must the new Congress meet?

January 20th and Congress meets January 3rd.

Which amendment prevents the president and Vice President from being inhabitants of the same state? In that same amendment, who should choose the president if no one gets a majority in the Electoral College? And the Vice President?

12th House should choose president if no one gets a majority and the senate chooses the Vice President.

Which amendment requires a warrant to search someone’s property?


Which amendment gave government the power to impose an income tax?


Which amendment establishes what to do if the president is incapacitated and can’t perform his duties?


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