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A plant that is grown in mild climates.


A very addictive substance found in tobacco leaves; stimulates the brain.

Explain how an individual’s choice to use tobacco can have negative consequences for society.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: An individual’s choice to use tobacco can negatively impact that individual’s own life as well as impacting society. One of the ways in which an individual’s choice to use tobacco can negatively impact society is through the introduction of higher taxes that comes from the increased number of individuals requiring medical care due to tobacco-related illnesses. This can also lead to increased healthcare costs as insurance companies raise rates to account for the increased cost of covering individuals suffering from tobacco-related illnesses. The greater likelihood of sickness associated with tobacco use also leads to a decrease in productivity for companies. In addition to the financial ramifications to society of tobacco use, there is the human cost. This cost is not measurable because a human life is invaluable.

Tobacco is __________.

obtained from plants

__________ is a side effect of tobacco use.

Lightheadedness, Irritability, Dizziness

Summarize the negative impacts that tobacco use can have on families.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Tobacco use can have a variety of negative impacts on families. Tobacco products are expensive; therefore, the use of tobacco products can lead to difficulties over finances. In addition to conflict about finances, tobacco use can lead to conflict between family members when some use tobacco and others do not. Parents, children, and spouses might disagree with the use of tobacco by a family member, leading to increased conflict and stress. Tobacco use can lead to increased occurrences of illness, which can also add strain to familial relationships.

Nicotine is an extremely addictive substance.


How are the factors that contribute to tobacco use related?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: The main factors that contribute to tobacco use are self-esteem, peer pressure, role models, and curiosity. Other factors can also contribute to an individual’s tobacco use such as rebellion, ease of use, and boredom. A common characteristic among these factors is the idea that the use of tobacco grants an individual some type of status or desirable outcome. Another common attribute of many of these factors is the influence that the opinion of others has on certain individuals to begin tobacco use.

List four cancer-causing substances found in tobacco products.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Answers should include tar, carbon monoxide, arsenic, vinyl chloride, and/or formaldehyde.

Tobacco products have little effect on society.


How does tobacco use negatively impact personal finances?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Tobacco use can negatively impact personal finances through the cost of purchased tobacco products, loss of income due to missed work days, and increased healthcare costs due to the increased risk of illness associated with tobacco use.

Explain how tobacco smoke can be harmful to the body.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Tobacco smoke contains thousands of chemicals, many of which are known cancer-causing substances, or carcinogens. Tobacco smoke also contains addictive substances, which cause the body to rely on the very substance that harms it.

The effects of tobacco use on society include high taxes and loss of life.


When a role model uses a tobacco product, it gives the impression tobacco products lead to __________.

success, power, happiness

Which of the following factors might make tobacco use more appealing to teens?

Tobacco is easy to obtain.

A desire to feel included or belong to a group can contribute to an individual using tobacco.


Which of the following substances found in tobacco smoke stimulates the brain?


Which of the following statements about tobacco products is TRUE?

Tobacco products contain over 4,000 different chemicals.

Smoking in a social situation to fit in, even though you don’t want to, is an example of __________.

reluctant acceptance

How do tobacco products affect the finances of the smoker?

high cost of the product, lost income due to illness, increased healthcare costs

Society is not affected by an individual’s choice to use tobacco products.


Which of the following BEST describes the possible impact of tobacco use on families?

Tobacco use can lead to financial difficulties, Tobacco use can cause increased incidence of illness., Tobacco use can lead to increased family conflict.

secondhand smoke

Smoke from a cigarette that is being inhaled by people who are not smoking.

Which of the following statements about the dangers of tobacco use is TRUE?

Tobacco use has consequences to both smokers and nonsmokers.

Why have certain ingredients used in tobacco products been banned?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Some ingredients, such as flavorings, are not allowed in tobacco products because they make the tobacco product more appealing. The hope is that by banning the use of these ingredients in tobacco products, individuals will be discouraged from smoking or at least discouraged from beginning to smoke.

All of the following are long-term risks associated with exposure to secondhand smoke EXCEPT:

change in senses

Which of the following represents a way in which children and infants can be exposed to tobacco products?

particles adhering to clothes, secondhand smoke, particles lingering on furniture

What purpose do warning labels on tobacco products serve?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Warning labels on tobacco products inform people who might use them of the risks associated with that use.

__________ is a short-term risk associated with tobacco use.

Yellow teeth Coughing Aging of the skin

Explain why smoking has been prohibited in many public places.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Smoking in public places increases exposure to secondhand smoke for nonsmokers. Exposure to secondhand smoke is as dangerous as direct exposure to smoke that smokers experience. Individuals who are in public places where smoking is permitted do not have a choice as to their exposure to damaging secondhand smoke, so many states have chosen to prohibit smoking in public places.

What year were cigarette advertisements for television and radio banned?


Why should pregnant women refrain from smoking?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Pregnant women should refrain from smoking because of the potential negative effects that smoking can have on a developing fetus. The developing fetus can be exposed to the dangerous chemicals found in cigarette smoke as it receives nourishment from its mother. Pregnant women who smoke are at increased risk of having a miscarriage, early birth, having children with low birth weights, and delivering a stillborn child.

Explain how choosing not to smoke can be beneficial to an individual’s health.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: An individual who chooses not to smoke can reduce the likelihood of developing certain smoking-related illnesses. Smoking increases the likelihood of developing conditions such as lung cancer, asthma, and cardiovascular disease. By not smoking, an individual reduces the risk of developing these conditions.

Secondhand smoke is less dangerous than the smoke tobacco users breathe.


Environmental tobacco smoke causes the death of approximately 7,000 nonsmokers per year.


How have high taxes on tobacco products impacted the number of people who use them?

The number of tobacco users has decreased.

What percentage of adult deaths is attributed in part to smoking?


Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding smoking and pregnancy?

Smoking mothers are more likely to have babies with high birth weights.

A fetus is unaffected by its mother’s use of tobacco.


Smoking reduces a person’s life span by an average of __________.

13 to 14 years

How can refraining from smoking benefit an individual’s health?

Refraining from smoking reduces an individual’s risk of contracting certain types of diseases.

Which of the following statements about secondhand smoke is NOT true?

Secondhand smoke is inhaled less deeply than firsthand smoke.

What is the minimum age that individuals can purchase tobacco legally in most US states?


Secondhand smoke is more dangerous in enclosed spaces.


Which of the following is the safest level of exposure to secondhand smoke?


Which of the following effects of smoking is an individual least likely to experience from secondhand smoke?

yellowing teeth

A 10% increase in cigarette prices has been found to result in a _____ decrease of smokers.


Nicotine Anonymous

A twelve-step program for people who wish to stop using tobacco.

How many young people try smoking for the first time each day?


Explain three regional resources that an individual can utilize when becoming tobacco-free.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Regional resources that may be utilized in becoming tobacco-free include state phone antismoking/tobacco quitting services, Nicotine Anonymous, local community support groups, the county health department, and various antitobacco health or employee plans.

Give two examples of individual strategies and two examples of group strategies a person could use to help quit smoking.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Individual strategies include creating a list of reasons why you want to quit smoking, confiding in and enlisting support from others, attending counseling, finding a quitting buddy, cutting down on tobacco use slowly, or quitting "cold turkey." Group strategies include participating in group discussions, engaging in multistep programs, focusing on education, celebrating successes, and going to meetings.

Explain how individuals living with a smoker might benefit once he or she quits smoking.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Individuals living with a smoker are at risk of experiencing negative effects of secondhand smoke. Once a smoker stops smoking those around him or her experience some of the same benefits the smoker does, such as better cardiovascular health, reduced risk of cancer, and improved life expectancy. Answer may also include benefits specifically related to infants and children, such as less chance of SIDS, respiratory illness, asthma attacks, and ear infections.

When you stop smoking, __________.

those close to you will be less likely to develop cancer

Stopping tobacco use does little for short-term health problems but reduces long-term risk of disease.


Give two examples of practice responses useful for resisting tobacco when offered.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Practice responses for resisting an offer of tobacco can be any phrase that politely indicate refusal: "No I think I will pass. I’d rather not end up with heart disease or cancer"; "No, I have better things to spend my money on"; or "Seventy percent of people who smoke want to quit. Why even start?"

How could your decision to smoke while pregnant affect your unborn child?

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Smoking while pregnant can cause miscarriages, stillborn deaths, premature birth, and low birth weight.

Resources to help people stop smoking are very difficult to find.


Briefly desribe four important strategies for resisting tobacco.

Responses will vary. A sample response follows: Being informed is one strategy for resisting tobacco and involves gaining the knowledge as to why it’s important to stay tobacco-free. Another strategy involves being aware of the misconceptions presented about tobacco through the media and elsewhere. Being prepared involves practicing refusal responses for when offers of tobacco are presented. Being a leader involves being a good example for others who desire to quit tobacco use.

Which of the following is a good individual resource to help quit smoking?

a professional

Smokers have a greater chance of developing deadly diseases.


Becoming educated about the dangers of smoking can help you to refuse cigarettes.


Which strategy is a good step for resisting smoking?

Practice your responses to an offer to smoke before being asked.

Which of the following is the BEST way to refuse an offer of tobacco products?

give an excuse

When trying to quit smoking using individual strategies, you should __________.

celebrate every success

Being a living example of a tobacco-free lifestyle can __________.

prevent others from trying smoking, convince friends to stop smoking, make others around you more healthy

The easiest way for people to stop smoking is to quit "cold-turkey."


Most teenage smokers who try to quit are successful.


When you quit smoking, it also benefits those around you.


In general, the benefits of smoking greatly outweigh the health risks.


Which of the following groups is affected by tobacco use?

tobacco users, society, families of tobacco users

All of the following are long- term risks associated with exposure to secondhand smoke EXCEPT:

change in senses

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