The Twentieth Century

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In music, the early twentieth century was a time of

Revolt and change

Which of the following statements is not true

Twentieth-century music relies less on preestablished relationships and expectations.

The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of

Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.

All of the following composers worked in the early years of the twentieth century except

Hector Berlioz

Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from

folk and popular music from all cultures European art music from the Middle ages throughout the nineteenth century the music of Asia and Africa All of the above

Twentieth-century composers incorporated elements of folk and popular music within their personal styles because

they were attracted to the unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns.

A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land was

Béla Bartók.

Which of the following composers was not stimulated by the folklore of his native land?

Anton Webern.

In twentieth-century music

dissonance has been emancipated. string players are sometimes called on to use the wood instead of the hair on their bows. percussion instruments have become very prominent and numerous. All answers are correct

The glissando, a technique widely used in the twentieth century, is

a motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.

Among the unusual playing techniques that are widely used during the twentieth century is the _______, a rapid slide up or down a scale.


In modern music

uncommon playing techniques have become normal. instruments are played at the very top or bottom of their ranges. noiselike and percussive sounds are often used. All of the above

A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to

add a percussive edge.

Which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?

Tonic- dominant harmonies

The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as

a polychord.

A fourth chord is

a chord in which the tones are a fourth apart, instead of a third.

A chord made of tones only a half step or a whole step apart is known as

a tone cluster.

Striking a group of adjacent keys on a piano with the fist or forearm will result in

a tone cluster.

To create fresh sounds, twentieth-century composers used

scales they themselves invented. ancient church modes. scales borrowed from nonwestern cultures. All answers are correct

The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called


The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as


Using all twelve tones without regard to their traditional relationship to major or minor scales, avoiding traditional chord progressions, is known as


The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by

Arnold Schoenberg.

The use of two or more contrasting and independent rhythms at the same time is known as


Ostinato refers to a

motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.

A motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section is called


Recordings of much lesser-known music multiplied in 1948 through

the appearance of long-playing disks.

Radio broadcasts of live and recorded music began to reach large audiences during the


The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti’s

Amahl and the Night Visitors.

Composers from which area rose to importance during the Twentieth Century?

Latin America.

Which of the following countries did not produce an important composer in the Twentieth Century?


One of the most important teachers of musical composition in the twentieth century was

Nadia Boulanger.

The most influential organization sponsoring new music after World War I was

The International Society for Contemporary Music.

During the first quarter of the Twentieth Century many composers left Russia because of

the violence of the Russian Revolution.

Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in


The most important impressionist composer was

Claude Debussy.

The term impressionist derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to Impression: Sunrise, a painting by

Claude Monet.

When viewed closely, impressionist paintings are made up of

tiny colored patches.

Impressionist painters were primarily concerned with the effect of light, color, and


The impressionist painters were particularly obsessed with portraying


Which of the following is not considered a symbolist poet?

Victor Hugo

Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet

Paul Verlaine.

A dramatic turning point in Debussy’s career came in 1902 when

his opera Pelléas et Mélisande was premiered.

Which of the following characteristics is not usually associated with impressionism?

Clearly delineated forms

Debussy’s music tends to

sound free and almost improvisational.

Impressionism in music is characterized by

a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity.

In order to "drown the sense of tonality," Debussy

borrowed pentatonic scales from Javanese music. developed the whole-tone scale. turned to the medieval church modes. All answers are correct

A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a ________ scale.


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