The Supreme Court and the Role of Government Quiz

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What was James Madison’s position regarding the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison?

He agreed that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was constitutional.
He opposed the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison.
He believed the Supreme Court should consider Marbury’s case.
He supported the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison.

He supported the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison.

What was a result of Gibbons v. Ogden?

Aaron Ogden got permission to operate his steamboats in New York.
Thomas Gibbons was allowed to operate his steamboats in New York.
Thomas Gibbons won a federal license to operate his steamboats.
Aaron Ogden maintained a monopoly on steamboat operation in New York.

Thomas Gibbons was allowed to operate his steamboats in New York.

Which is the best definition of "supremacy"?

highest authority
limitless power
superior judgment
greater aptitude

highest authority

What was the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789?

It created the state court system.
It created a federal court system.
It created the judicial branch.
It created the Supreme Court.

It created a federal court system.

Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to court, the state of Maryland

argued that James McCulloch must pay federal taxes.
created the first federal bank in the state.
said that only state banks were allowed within Maryland’s borders.
passed a law that required federal banks to pay state taxes.

passed a law that required federal banks to pay state taxes.

Why did William Marbury support the Judiciary Act of 1789?

It allowed Marbury to take his case to the Supreme Court.
It overruled James Madison and confirmed Marbury’s appointment.
It said that James Madison’s actions were unconstitutional.
It limited the Constitution’s power to affect Marbury’s case.

It allowed Marbury to take his case to the Supreme Court.

Read the excerpt from the Constitution of the United States, Article 1, Section 8.

[Congress shall have power] to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States.

This excerpt reinforces the idea of

federal supremacy.
implied powers.
balance of powers.
judicial review.

federal supremacy.

In McCulloch v. Maryland, what did the State of Maryland argue?

Banks cannot be created by Congress.
States can determine which institutions within its borders must pay taxes.
A federal bank must pay taxes to the state in which it is located.
Banks may only be created by Congress, not by individuals.

Banks cannot be created by Congress.

Review this quote from the decision in Marbury v. Madison.

It is emphatically the province and duty of the Judicial Department to say what the law is.

How does this excerpt summarize the case?

It explains why the Supreme Court ruled in favor of William Marbury in the case of Marbury v. Madison.
It explains that the Supreme Court should decide whether a law or action is constitutional.
It explains why the judicial department ruled that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was constitutional.
It explains that the judicial department has powers that go beyond the limits of the Constitution.

It explains that the Supreme Court should decide whether a law or action is constitutional.

How did Gibbons v. Ogden expand the idea of federal supremacy?

It said that federal judicial review is required in all state legal cases.
It said the Constitution is open to interpretation in state matters.
It said that federal trade is more important than state trade.
It said that Congress has power to regulate trade between states.

It said that Congress has power to regulate trade between states.

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