The Supreme Court and Role of Government-Unit 2

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Read the excerpt from the Constitution of the United States, Article 1, Section 8.

[Congress shall have power] to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States.

This excerpt reinforces the idea of

federal supremacy

Which is the best definition of "supremacy"?

highest authority

In McCulloch v. Maryland, what did the State of Maryland argue?

Banks cannot be created by Congress.

Why did William Marbury support the Judiciary Act of 1789?

It allowed Marbury to take his case to the Supreme Court.

What was the most significant result of the ruling in Marbury v. Madison?

The ruling expanded the powers of the federal government.

Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to court, the state of Maryland

passed a law that required federal banks to pay state taxes.

Read the excerpt from Marbury v. Madison below.

If two laws conflict with each other, the Court must decide on the operation of each. . . . [T]he Constitution . . . must govern the case to which they both apply.

The excerpt describes

the principle of judicial review

What was James Madison’s position regarding the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison?

He supported the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison.

James McCulloch most likely supported the idea that Congress could create banks because

he didn’t want to pay state taxes on his bank.

How did Gibbons v. Ogden expand the idea of federal supremacy?

It said that Congress has power to regulate trade between states.

What is the definition of "interstate commerce"?

commerce between states

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