The Skeletal, Muscular, and Nervous Systems

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A signal from the nervous system that is sent from the brain to the hand would follow a different pathway than a signal sent from the hand to the brain.

False

The skeletal system serves all of the following functions EXCEPT:

A.
Bone marrow produces red and white blood cells which help carry oxygen through the blood and fight diseases.

B.
The skeleton gives the human body its support, shape, and form.

C.
The skeletal system helps to protect vital organs.

D.
The skeletal system aids in the production of hormones that signal muscle and hair growth.

D

All of the following are functions of smooth muscles EXCEPT:
A.
heartbeat
B.
breathing
C.
perspiration
D.
digestion

D

Bones are composed mostly of __________.
A.
magnesium
B.
vitamins
C.
calcium
D.
cartilage

C

Based on the scenario below, select the statement that accurately finishes the sentence. Stacey has recently had a car accident and has lost her sense of taste as a result. It is MOST likely that she has __________.
A.
damaged her peripheral nervous system because the information regarding taste cannot be transmitted back to her brain
B.
damaged her central nervous system because the tongue is so close to the brain
C.
damaged her peripheral nervous system because this is typical for a spinal cord injury
D.
damaged her peripheral nervous system because it is responsible for basic body functions like breathing and taste

A

An individual visits the doctor because they notice that, over time, they have been losing muscle strength. Which explanation will the doctor MOST likely give?
A.
The individual could have a muscle injury that is caused by a sprain.
B.
The individual could have a muscle disease that causes ligament tears.
C.
The individual could have muscular dystrophy.
D.
The individual could have a skeletal disease.

C

Bones provide both structure and protection for the body.

True

In the skeletal system, these structures are responsible for connecting bones.
A.
ligaments and tendons
B.
cartilage and calcium
C.
tendons and muscles
D.
bones and ligaments

A

In order to improve the condition of your muscular system, you could participate in aerobic activity at least __________.
A.
3 minutes 5 times a week
B.
10 minutes 4 times a week
C.
30 minutes 3 times a week
D.
50 minutes 3 times a week

C

All of the following are functions of the skeletal system EXCEPT:
A.
producing red blood cells
B.
providing support for the body
C.
producing white blood cells
D.
producing ligaments and tendons

D

If you have a muscle that has atrophied, the muscle would be __________.
A.
broken
B.
shrunken
C.
torn
D.
strained

B

After listening to a long discussion on the skeletal system, you conclude that the skeletal system is important because it __________.
A.
supports the body and makes red and white blood cells
B.
is formed from bones, cartilage, and muscle
C.
provides the body with potassium needed for support
D.
manufactures the ligaments needed to connect bones

A

Without the skeletal system, the body could not fight off infection.

True

If you were creating a presentation that would cover the different types of muscles in the body, which groups of muscle would you need to include?
A.
skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles
B.
cartilage, tendons, and skeletal muscles
C.
voluntary, cardiac, and involuntary muscles
D.
voluntary, involuntary, and smooth muscles

A

A patient is diagnosed with a degenerative disease of the nervous system. Select the disorder that would match this diagnosis.
A.
multiple sclerosis
B.
epilepsy
C.
cerebral palsy
D.
headaches

A

Epilepsy is considered a degenerative disorder that affects the peripheral nervous system.

False

All of the following statements are true concerning skeletal muscles EXCEPT:
A.
Skeletal muscles control involuntary body functions.
B.
Skeletal muscles are controlled by the central nervous system.
C.
Skeletal muscles are used to move large body parts.
D.
Skeletal muscles are attached to the bones.

A

The peripheral nervous system is responsible for both sending and receiving signals to and from the brain.

True

An individual having a history of migraine headaches would most likely be diagnosed with having __________.
A.
a common disorder of the central nervous system
B.
a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system
C.
a disorder of the peripheral nervous system
D.
no disorder

A

Which statement BEST describes the skeletal system?
A.
The skeletal system is a system of cartilage that supports the body and makes red and white blood cells.
B.
The skeletal system is composed of bones, cartilage, tendons, and the muscles that connect them.
C.
The skeletal system is composed of a rigid structure of bones that support the body and make red and white blood cells.
D.
The skeletal system is composed of a rigid structure of bones that create strong, hard tissues called ligaments.

C

An example of a skeletal muscle working occurs when a person __________.
A.
perspires heavily
B.
digests food
C.
takes a breath
D.
stands up

D

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