The Fall of the Roman Empire

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Rome faced constant attack after the Pax Romana because its army

A. was becoming less loyal to the emperor.
B. was becoming more loyal to the emperor.
C. had trouble paying mercenaries to fight.
D. had trouble finding mercenaries to fight.


Which explains why Romans were upset by the emperor’s decision to create more coins?

A. The people needed more coins to buy the same amount of food as before.
B. The people needed fewer coins to buy the same amount of food as before.
C. The people thought merchants inflated prices because they had more money.
D. The people realized the coins were worth more money than before.


Which ruler divided Rome in order to bring stability to the empire?

A. Constantinople
B. Maximian
C. Diocletian
D. Attila the Hun


After he gained control of the Roman Empire, Constantine moved the capital to

A. Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople.
B. Rome and renamed it Constantinople.
C. created a second capital in Byzantium.
D. created a second capital in Constantinople.


Which describes a difference in the rule of Constantine and Diocletian?

A. Constantine appeased foreign invaders by giving them land, while Diocletian went on the offensive to stop the attacks.
B. Constantine divided the empire into western and eastern halves, while Diocletian further split the country into four regions.
C. Constantine divided the empire and shared emperor duties, while Diocletian reunited the empire and served as sole ruler.
D. Constantine reunited the empire and served as sole ruler, while Diocletian divided the empire and shared emperor duties.


The Pax Romana ended in 180 CE after over one hundred fifty years in existence. The end of this era ushered in a period of

A. inflation.
B. foreign wars.
C. religious wars.
D. political instability.


The Roman emperor Diocletian was an absolute ruler. This means that he

A. had unlimited power and authority.
B. refused to consult advisors.
C. was a figurehead with limited power.
D. ruled through military force.


In Europe, the foreign invaders were primarily Germanic tribes and Huns. Where did the Huns originate?

A. central Asia
B. modern-day Hungary
C. the British Isles
D. Persia


One way Diocletian brought short-term order to Rome involved

A. giving half of the empire to Germanic tribes.
B. executing enemies who spoke against the empire.
C. dividing the empire into eastern and western regions.
D. implementing a new monetary system in the empire.


What became of the Eastern Roman Empire after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire?

A. The Eastern Roman Empire fell to foreign invaders too.
B. The Eastern Roman Empire became the Byzantine Empire.
C. The Eastern Roman Empire dissolved into small kingdoms.
D. The Eastern Roman Empire tried to recapture the west.


Rome began to lose territory after the Pax Romana because its

A. military relied on untrained soldiers.
B. expansive borders faced constant attack.
C. stock of weapons began to run out.
D. emperors lost control of the population.


Why did the Roman Empire produce more coins?

A. to maintain a low rate of inflation
B. to increase individual buying power
C. to address a high rate of inflation
D. to fund the government and the military


What occurred in Rome after emperors minted more coins to raise money?

A. The new coins were rejected by the officials.
B. The new coins were rejected by the people.
C. The new coins lost value because of inflation.
D. The new coins lost value because of bartering.


As inflation increased and the Roman Empire experienced greater political instability, what occurred?

A. demands for democracy
B. calls to divide the empire
C. violent unrest
D. removal of mercenaries from the army


In what year did the Western Roman Empire collapse?

A. 370 CE
B. 455 CE
C. 476 CE
D> 1453 CE


To protect its frontiers, the Roman Empire depended on mercenaries. What is a mercenary?

A. a soldier who fights only for pay
B. a treaty with a neighboring territory
C. a military division that patrols borders
D. a neighboring tribe


What long-term political factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire?

A. People began to take more interest in government affairs.
B. People began to feel that government service was a burden.
C. People increased support of the army under the threat of invasion.
D. People increased support of emperors under the threat of invasion.


After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, what filled the void left by the disintegration of the political structure?

A. Dark Ages.
B. Enlightenment.
C. Golden Age.
D. Renaissance.


Which of Diocletian’s economic changes helped bring short-term order to Rome?

A. He started a new coin system and expanded trade.
B. He abolished coins and implemented a barter system.
C. He minted more coins and allowed free markets.
D. He standardized coins and established fixed prices.


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