The Digestive and Urinary Systems

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The toxic buildup of waste products in the bloodstream is a condition known as nephritis.


Each kidney contains nephrons that filter the blood and remove waste.


Without a gallbladder, a person would be unable to produce bile.


Water, vitamins, and salt are absorbed in the __________.

Large intestines

An individual only needs one kidney to live a healthy life.


Proteins are absorbed faster than fats in the digestive system.


In the kidney, the structures that filter the blood are the __________.


Absorption of the food you eat occurs in the small and large intestines.


All undigested food, harmful bacteria, and dead cells are passed from the body through elimination.


A condition that affects the urinary system and can be fatal is __________.

Kidney failure

Lisa goes to the doctor because she is experiencing the need for urination more frequently than normal and has a burning sensation when she does. Lisa’s symptoms indicate that she probably has __________.

A urinary tract infection

When comparing the digestive and urinary system, we can conclude that they both __________.

Have functions of absorption and elimination

List and describe the three main functions of the digestive system.

Digestion is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food. Absorption is the passage of digested food into the cardiovascular system. Elimination is the expulsion of undigested food and waste

A patient comes to the emergency room with pain in his stomach and a history of irregular bowel movements. Which problem is most likely causing these symptoms?

A problem with the digestive system, possibly irritable bowel syndrome

List the parts of the urinary system and describe the function of each one.

The kidneys remove waste from the blood, regulate the amount of salts, water, and other minerals in the body. The ureter carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder. The bladder stores urine until it is expelled from the body. The urethra connects the bladder to the outside of the body to eliminate waste.

The kidneys are paired structures that __________.

Regulate salts, waters, and other minerals

In the digestive system, food that has been completely processed is found __________.

In the large intestines

One of the bladder’s main functions is to __________.

Store urine before elimination

Food travels from the mouth to the stomach via the __________.


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