Technology in Action - Chapter 5

The two major types of system software programs are utility programs and the _______.

a) application software
b) charms
c) operating system
d) user interface

operating system

The _______ of the operating system enables users to communicate with the computer system.

a) network adapter card
b) modem
c) window
d) user interface

user interface

OS X is the operating system developed by _______.

a) Apple
b) Microsoft
c) Linux
d) Google

Apple

All of the following are examples of network operating systems EXCEPT _______.

a) MS-DOS
b) Windows 8
c) OS X
d) Linux

MS-DOS

UNIX was developed by Ken Thompson and Dennis Richie, who worked at _______.

a) IBM
b) Microsoft
c) AT&T's Bell Labs
d) Xerox

AT&T's Bell Labs

Most supercomputers use the _______ operating system.

a) Windows
b) iOS
c) UNIX
d) Linux

Linux

Which of the following operating systems are used on most tablets?

a) Blackberry and Windows
b) Android and iOS
c) Windows and iOS
d) Windows and Android

Android and iOS

Most smartphones use operating systems developed by _______.

a) Apple and Microsoft
b) Microsoft and Google
c) Symbian and Apple
d) Google and Apple

Google and Apple

Which operating system is used by most desktop and laptop computers?

a) UNIX
b) Windows
c) Linux
d) OS X

Windows

Windows 8 uses a(n) _______ account for easy access and storage of online files.

a) Chrome
b) OneDrive
c) eye OS
d) iCloud

OneDrive

The latest version of the Mac OS X is _______.

a) Mountain Lion
b) Tiger
c) Snow Leopard
d) Mavericks

Mavericks

Which of the following is NOT a user interface?

a) menu-driven
b) graphical user interface (GUI)
c) command-driven
d) application programming interface (API)

application programming interface

Using hard disk space to temporarily store data or instructions from RAM is referred to as _______.

a) virtual memory
b) interrupting
c) compressing
d) spooling

virtual memory

Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a(n) _______ that enables the device and operating system to communicate with each other.

a) device configurator
b) device driver
c) translator
d) interpreter

device driver

Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?

a) The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer.
b) Configuration and customization settings are checked.
c) the OS is loaded into the RAM.
d) The BIOS checks that all devices are in place.

The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer.

The basic input/output system (BIOS) is stored on a ______ chip.

a) RAM
b) CMOS
c) ROM
d) CPU

ROM

All of the following are terms related to part of the boot process EXCEPT _______.

a) RAM
b) USB
c) CMOS
d) ROM

USB

Error in computer software are called _______.

a) bugs
b) spiders
c) beetles
d) worms

bugs

C: denotes a _______ directory that is at the top of the filing structure of a computer.

a) top-level
b) root
c) upper-level
d) cluster

root

When using Windows 8 File Explorer, which view provides the most information at a glance?

a) Details
b) List
c) Tiles
d) Content

Details

All of the following can be used in an OS X file name EXCEPT _______
a) :
b) #
c) $
d) %

:

The location of a file is specified by its _______.

a) file extension
b) file path
c) drive identifier
d) file type

file path

C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\protocol is an example of a file _______.

a) path
b) list
c) type
d) extension

path

Which of the following is the name of a Microsoft Excel file?

a) inventory.wpd
b) inventory.accdb
c) inventory.xlsx
d) inventory.pdf

inventory.xlsx

Deleted files on a Mac computer are moved to the _______.

a) Trash
b) Recycle Bin
c) Wastepaper Basket
d) Garbage Can

Trash

Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges pieces of files on your hard drive to allow for faster access?

a) Task Manager
b) Disk Defragmenter
c) Disk Cleanup
d) Error-checking

Disk Defragmenter

Which of the following is NOT a Windows utility program?

a) System Restore
b) Desktop
c) Disk Cleanup
d) Disk Defragmeter

Desktop

Which utility removes redundancies in a file to reduce the file size?

a) Error-checking
b) Disk Cleanup
c) Disk Defragmenter
d) File Compression

File Compression

You can use the Windows _______ to check on a non-responsive program.

a) Backup utility
b) Error-checking
c) Task Manager
d) System Restore

Task Manager

Mac OS X includes a backup utility called _______.

a) Carbonite
b) Time Capsules
c) System Restore
d) Time Machine

Time Machine

Every computer has an operating system.

True or False?

True

Gaming consoles, such as Xbox 360 and iPods, do not need an operating system.

True or False?

False

Windows 8 has a new interface that is optimized for touch-screen devices.

True or False?

True

A personal computer can only have one operating system installed on it.

True or False?

False

About 90% of desktop and laptop computers run some version of Windows.

True or False?

True

Android is an open source operating system for personal computers and as a network OS.

True or False?

False

When your computer runs out of RAM, the operating system borrow space from the CPU

True or False?

Flase

Installing a device driver can sometimes cause system instability.

True or False?

True

CMOS is a special kind of memory that uses a great deal of power.

True or False?

Flase

"Preemptive multitasking" is the term used when the operating system processes higher-priority tasks before lower-priority tasks.

True or False?

True

Windows 7's File Explorer has been replaced by Windows 8's Windows Explorer.

True or False?

False

You can use System Restore to restore your system's settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly.

True or False?

True

File names in Windows are case-sensitive.

True or False?

False

The High Contrast accessibility feature enables you to select a colour scheme setting in which you control the contrast between text and background.

True or False?

True

You can return to the Start screen in Windows 8 by pressing the Windows key on your computer keyboard.

...

Technology in Action - Chapter 5 - Subjecto.com

Technology in Action – Chapter 5

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The two major types of system software programs are utility programs and the _______.

a) application software
b) charms
c) operating system
d) user interface

operating system

The _______ of the operating system enables users to communicate with the computer system.

a) network adapter card
b) modem
c) window
d) user interface

user interface

OS X is the operating system developed by _______.

a) Apple
b) Microsoft
c) Linux
d) Google

Apple

All of the following are examples of network operating systems EXCEPT _______.

a) MS-DOS
b) Windows 8
c) OS X
d) Linux

MS-DOS

UNIX was developed by Ken Thompson and Dennis Richie, who worked at _______.

a) IBM
b) Microsoft
c) AT&T’s Bell Labs
d) Xerox

AT&T’s Bell Labs

Most supercomputers use the _______ operating system.

a) Windows
b) iOS
c) UNIX
d) Linux

Linux

Which of the following operating systems are used on most tablets?

a) Blackberry and Windows
b) Android and iOS
c) Windows and iOS
d) Windows and Android

Android and iOS

Most smartphones use operating systems developed by _______.

a) Apple and Microsoft
b) Microsoft and Google
c) Symbian and Apple
d) Google and Apple

Google and Apple

Which operating system is used by most desktop and laptop computers?

a) UNIX
b) Windows
c) Linux
d) OS X

Windows

Windows 8 uses a(n) _______ account for easy access and storage of online files.

a) Chrome
b) OneDrive
c) eye OS
d) iCloud

OneDrive

The latest version of the Mac OS X is _______.

a) Mountain Lion
b) Tiger
c) Snow Leopard
d) Mavericks

Mavericks

Which of the following is NOT a user interface?

a) menu-driven
b) graphical user interface (GUI)
c) command-driven
d) application programming interface (API)

application programming interface

Using hard disk space to temporarily store data or instructions from RAM is referred to as _______.

a) virtual memory
b) interrupting
c) compressing
d) spooling

virtual memory

Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a(n) _______ that enables the device and operating system to communicate with each other.

a) device configurator
b) device driver
c) translator
d) interpreter

device driver

Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?

a) The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer.
b) Configuration and customization settings are checked.
c) the OS is loaded into the RAM.
d) The BIOS checks that all devices are in place.

The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer.

The basic input/output system (BIOS) is stored on a ______ chip.

a) RAM
b) CMOS
c) ROM
d) CPU

ROM

All of the following are terms related to part of the boot process EXCEPT _______.

a) RAM
b) USB
c) CMOS
d) ROM

USB

Error in computer software are called _______.

a) bugs
b) spiders
c) beetles
d) worms

bugs

C: denotes a _______ directory that is at the top of the filing structure of a computer.

a) top-level
b) root
c) upper-level
d) cluster

root

When using Windows 8 File Explorer, which view provides the most information at a glance?

a) Details
b) List
c) Tiles
d) Content

Details

All of the following can be used in an OS X file name EXCEPT _______
a) :
b) #
c) $
d) %

:

The location of a file is specified by its _______.

a) file extension
b) file path
c) drive identifier
d) file type

file path

C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\protocol is an example of a file _______.

a) path
b) list
c) type
d) extension

path

Which of the following is the name of a Microsoft Excel file?

a) inventory.wpd
b) inventory.accdb
c) inventory.xlsx
d) inventory.pdf

inventory.xlsx

Deleted files on a Mac computer are moved to the _______.

a) Trash
b) Recycle Bin
c) Wastepaper Basket
d) Garbage Can

Trash

Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges pieces of files on your hard drive to allow for faster access?

a) Task Manager
b) Disk Defragmenter
c) Disk Cleanup
d) Error-checking

Disk Defragmenter

Which of the following is NOT a Windows utility program?

a) System Restore
b) Desktop
c) Disk Cleanup
d) Disk Defragmeter

Desktop

Which utility removes redundancies in a file to reduce the file size?

a) Error-checking
b) Disk Cleanup
c) Disk Defragmenter
d) File Compression

File Compression

You can use the Windows _______ to check on a non-responsive program.

a) Backup utility
b) Error-checking
c) Task Manager
d) System Restore

Task Manager

Mac OS X includes a backup utility called _______.

a) Carbonite
b) Time Capsules
c) System Restore
d) Time Machine

Time Machine

Every computer has an operating system.

True or False?

True

Gaming consoles, such as Xbox 360 and iPods, do not need an operating system.

True or False?

False

Windows 8 has a new interface that is optimized for touch-screen devices.

True or False?

True

A personal computer can only have one operating system installed on it.

True or False?

False

About 90% of desktop and laptop computers run some version of Windows.

True or False?

True

Android is an open source operating system for personal computers and as a network OS.

True or False?

False

When your computer runs out of RAM, the operating system borrow space from the CPU

True or False?

Flase

Installing a device driver can sometimes cause system instability.

True or False?

True

CMOS is a special kind of memory that uses a great deal of power.

True or False?

Flase

"Preemptive multitasking" is the term used when the operating system processes higher-priority tasks before lower-priority tasks.

True or False?

True

Windows 7’s File Explorer has been replaced by Windows 8’s Windows Explorer.

True or False?

False

You can use System Restore to restore your system’s settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly.

True or False?

True

File names in Windows are case-sensitive.

True or False?

False

The High Contrast accessibility feature enables you to select a colour scheme setting in which you control the contrast between text and background.

True or False?

True

You can return to the Start screen in Windows 8 by pressing the Windows key on your computer keyboard.

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