The _______ ______ for a procedure consists of all possible simple events or all outcomes that cannot be broken down any further. |
sample space |

The classical approach to probability requires that the outcomes are ____ _____. |
equally likely |

A procedure is repeated again and again, the relative frequency of an event tends to approach the actual probability. This is known as _____ _____. |
the law of large numbers |

When using the ______ ____ always be careful to avoid double-counting outcomes. |
addition rule |

Events that are ____ cannot occur at the same time. |
disjoint |

________ indicates the probability that in a single trial, event A occurs, event B occurs, or they both occur. |
P(A or B) |

A _______ _____ is any event combining two or more simple events. |
compound event |

Which word is associated with multiplication when computing probabilities? |
and |

A picture of line segments branching out from one starting point illustrating the possible outcomes of a procedure is called a ______ ______. |
tree diagram |

Two events A and B are _________ if the occurrence of one does not affect the probability of the occurrence of the other. |
independent |

Selections made with replacement are considered to be _________. |
independent |

"At least one" is equivalent to "_____ __ _____." |
one or more |

The complement of "at least one" is "_____." |
none |

A _______ probability of an event is a probability obtained with knowledge that some other event has already occurred. |
conditional |

Any collection of results or outcomes of a procedure |
event |

An outcome or an event that cannot be further broken down into simpler components |
simple event |

Rare Event Rule For Inferential Statistics |
If, under a given assumption, the probability of a particular observed event is extremely small, we conclude that the assumption is probably not correct. |

P |
denotes probability |

A, B, and C __, ___, and ___ denote specific events. P(A) ____ denotes the probability of event ___(any event) occurring. Classical (Math) Probability -Used when the outcomes are equally likely Relative Frequency Approximation Conduct an experiment and observe the outcomes. |
… |

# Statistics Chap. 4

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