SS Test 1 #4 and #5

Which statement best describes the Fourteenth Amendment?
It granted citizenship to all individuals living in the United States.
It enfranchised all male citizens and gave them the right to vote.
It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.
It allowed states to seize citizens' property without due process of the law.

It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.

Which law established martial law in the South after the Civil War?
the vagrancy laws
the Tenure of Office Act
the Civil Rights Act of 1866
the Reconstruction Act of 1867

the Reconstruction Act of 1867

President Johnson announced that the Union was restored in
April 1865.
December 1865.
July 1868.
February 1870.

December 1865.

Southern states resisted the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment by
drafting and passing the Voting Rights Act.
denying all female citizens the right to vote.
appointing new officials to monitor elections.
establishing poll taxes and literacy tests.

establishing poll taxes and literacy tests.

Which statement best describes the Wade-Davis Bill?
The bill was passed in Congress and quickly approved by President Lincoln.
The bill required a greater show of loyalty for readmittance than Lincoln's plan.
The bill required states to ratify the Fifteenth Amendment to be readmitted.
The bill was proposed by supporters of Johnson's plan for Reconstruction.

The bill required a greater show of loyalty for readmittance than Lincoln's pla

Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in 1867 to
change the approval process for appointees.
restrict President Johnson's powers.
extend greater rights to African Americans.
limit the power of Southern politicians.

restrict President Johnson's powers.

As a result of the tension between President Johnson and the Radical Republicans,
Congress voted to impeach President Johnson.
Johnson declared he would stop vetoing bills.
Johnson chose to support Radical Reconstruction.
Congress refused to appoint Edwin Stanton.

Congress voted to impeach President Johnson.

Which statement best describes President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction?
Johnson's plan angered Democrats in Congress.
Johnson's plan was not as tough as Lincoln's plan.
Johnson's plan prohibited pardons for Confederates.
Johnson's plan was similar to Lincoln's plan, but stricter.

Johnson's plan was similar to Lincoln's plan, but stricter.

President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction frustrated many members of Congress because it
established laws that limited the rights of African Americans.
accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.
prevented leaders of the Confederacy from voting in elections.
forced Southern states to pay back money borrowed for the war.

accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.

Which statement best describes Jim Crow laws?
They restricted the rights of white citizens.
They prevented the spread of segregation.
They guaranteed the rights of African Americans.
They restricted the rights of African Americans.

They restricted the rights of African Americans.

In ideal situations, sharecropping gave African Americans in the South the opportunity to
set their own wages.
set their own financial goals.
break the cycle of debt.
break the cycle of dependence.

set their own financial goals.

To combat Reconstruction reforms, some Southerners organized
white supremacy groups.
the Freedmen's Bureau.
a new Republican Party.
the civil rights movement.

white supremacy groups.

In the South during Reconstruction, the Civil Rights Act of 1875
was rarely enforced.
was strictly enforced.
was criticized by Republicans.
was upheld by the Supreme Court.

was rarely enforced.

Which statement best describes the system of sharecropping?
Sharecropping offered formerly enslaved people an equal opportunity to participate in the Southern economy.
Sharecropping gave formerly enslaved people the upper hand in the agricultural South.
Sharecropping offered Northerners an opportunity to relocate to the South and start their own farms.
Sharecropping gave white landowners the upper hand and economic dominance in Southern society.

Sharecropping gave white landowners the upper hand and economic dominance in Southern society.

One unintended effect of emancipation and Reconstruction on Southern society was
the improved bond between the races.
the prohibition of Jim Crow laws.
the rising tensions between the races.
the end of the sharecropping system.

the rising tensions between the races.

In the years after the Civil War, Southern society most valued
infrastructure.
government.
entrepreneurship.
land ownership.

land ownership.

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the tactics used by the Ku Klux Klan against African Americans usually involved
blocking employment contracts.
filing lawsuits against sharecroppers.
employing terror and intimidation.
writing letters to members of Congress.

employing terror and intimidation

Which group committed violence against African Americans in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
tenant farmers
white supremacists
white Republicans
Union troops

white supremacists

In the 1870s, the system of sharecropping failed to
reincorporate the South into the United States.
provide tenant farmers with any opportunities.
return abandoned land to its former owners.
stimulate and grow the Southern economy.

stimulate and grow the Southern economy.

What guaranteed equal access to public facilities regardless of race?
the Thirteenth Amendment
the Fifteenth Amendment
the 1875 Civil Rights Act
the Jim Crow laws

the 1875 Civil Rights Act

Which statement best describes a consequence of Reconstruction policies during the 1870s?
Reconstruction-era policies successfully restored the economy in the South and gave African Americans new opportunities.
Reconstruction-era policies often failed to protect African Americans from racial violence and safeguard their political rights.
Reconstruction-era policies created ironclad laws that prohibited legal segregation, although illegal segregation often occurred.
Reconstruction-era policies failed to establish any civil rights legislation, which would not be written until the 1960s.

Reconstruction-era policies often failed to protect African Americans from racial violence and safeguard their political rights

In the South during Reconstruction, the Civil Rights Act of 1875
was rarely enforced.
was strictly enforced.
was criticized by Republicans.
was upheld by the Supreme Court

was rarely enforced.

What did the Reconstruction Act of 1867 accomplish?
The act divided the South into five military districts.
The act set a punishment for certain social behaviors.
The act granted citizenship to anyone born in the US.
The act limited the employment of African Americans.

The act divided the South into five military districts.

Vagrancy laws in the 1860s applied to
the property that African Americans were allowed to rent or own.
people who moved from place to place without regular homes or work.
the role of the planter aristocracy in Southern state legislatures.
voter registration rights for newly freed African Americans in the South.

people who moved from place to place without regular homes or work.

Radical Republicans in Congress wanted to provide more rights for formerly enslaved people, so they
supported all of Johnson's Reconstruction policies.
overturned several of President Johnson's vetoes.
passed the Black Codes, which protected African Americans.
called for a new Republican candidate for president in 1866.

overturned several of President Johnson's vetoes.

Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction because they thought it was too
moderate.
conservative.
extreme.
unpopular.

moderate.

What was one reason Congress gave for wanting to remove President Johnson from office?
Johnson was violating the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
Johnson was abusing his presidential powers.
Johnson had failed to provide his own Reconstruction plan.
Johnson had created new Cabinet positions without approval.

Johnson was abusing his presidential powers.

Which statement best describes Southern military districts during Reconstruction?
Each state became a separate military district.
The South was divided into five different military districts.
Each district was governed by a member of Congress.
The districts all rejoined the Union at the same time.

The South was divided into five different military districts.

Under President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction, how could states be readmitted to the Union?
Twenty percent of a state's white males had to swear loyalty.
States had to disenfranchise all former Confederate soldiers.
State conventions had to establish new governments.
States had to ratify all three Reconstruction amendments.

State conventions had to establish new governments.

Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction because they thought it was too
moderate.
conservative.
extreme.
unpopular.

moderate.

Which statement best describes the Fourteenth Amendment?
It granted citizenship to all individuals living in the United States.
It enfranchised all male citizens and gave them the right to vote.
It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.
It allowed states to seize citizens' property without due process of the law.

It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.

President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction frustrated many members of Congress because it
established laws that limited the rights of African Americans.
accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.
prevented leaders of the Confederacy from voting in elections.
forced Southern states to pay back money borrowed for the war.

accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.

Which statement best describes President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction?
Johnson's plan angered Democrats in Congress.
Johnson's plan was not as tough as Lincoln's plan.
Johnson's plan prohibited pardons for Confederates.
Johnson's plan was similar to Lincoln's plan, but stricter.

Johnson's plan was similar to Lincoln's plan, but stricter.

Radical Republicans in Congress wanted to provide more rights for formerly enslaved people, so they
supported all of Johnson's Reconstruction policies.
overturned several of President Johnson's vetoes.
passed the Black Codes, which protected African Americans.
called for a new Republican candidate for president in 1866.

overturned several of President Johnson's vetoes.

Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in 1867 to
change the approval process for appointees.
restrict President Johnson's powers.
extend greater rights to African Americans.
limit the power of Southern politicians.

restrict President Johnson's powers.

Which statement best describes the federal government's response to racial violence in the South in the late 1800s?
The federal government kept the military in the South to stop racial violence until the expense became too great.
The federal government never sent troops to maintain order in the South in the years after the Civil War.
The federal government made the protection of African Americans in the South a top priority and maintained a military presence.
The federal government pulled out troops from the South at the end of Reconstruction, leaving African Americans unprotected.

The federal government pulled out troops from the South at the end of Reconstruction, leaving African Americans unprotected.

During Reconstruction in the South, poll taxes were used to
strengthen African American representation in government.
ensure that voters were qualified to participate in elections.
deny African American citizens participation in government.
prevent former Confederate officers from voting in elections.

deny African American citizens participation in government.

The Supreme Court ruling on the civil rights cases of 1883
led to the passage of legal protections for African Americans.
led to unfair contracts between tenant farmers and landowners.
opened the door for legal segregation and discrimination in the US.
gave African Americans a legal basis for suing private businesses.

opened the door for legal segregation and discrimination in the US.

SS Test 1 #4 and #5 - Subjecto.com

SS Test 1 #4 and #5

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Which statement best describes the Fourteenth Amendment?
It granted citizenship to all individuals living in the United States.
It enfranchised all male citizens and gave them the right to vote.
It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.
It allowed states to seize citizens’ property without due process of the law.

It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.

Which law established martial law in the South after the Civil War?
the vagrancy laws
the Tenure of Office Act
the Civil Rights Act of 1866
the Reconstruction Act of 1867

the Reconstruction Act of 1867

President Johnson announced that the Union was restored in
April 1865.
December 1865.
July 1868.
February 1870.

December 1865.

Southern states resisted the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment by
drafting and passing the Voting Rights Act.
denying all female citizens the right to vote.
appointing new officials to monitor elections.
establishing poll taxes and literacy tests.

establishing poll taxes and literacy tests.

Which statement best describes the Wade-Davis Bill?
The bill was passed in Congress and quickly approved by President Lincoln.
The bill required a greater show of loyalty for readmittance than Lincoln’s plan.
The bill required states to ratify the Fifteenth Amendment to be readmitted.
The bill was proposed by supporters of Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction.

The bill required a greater show of loyalty for readmittance than Lincoln’s pla

Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in 1867 to
change the approval process for appointees.
restrict President Johnson’s powers.
extend greater rights to African Americans.
limit the power of Southern politicians.

restrict President Johnson’s powers.

As a result of the tension between President Johnson and the Radical Republicans,
Congress voted to impeach President Johnson.
Johnson declared he would stop vetoing bills.
Johnson chose to support Radical Reconstruction.
Congress refused to appoint Edwin Stanton.

Congress voted to impeach President Johnson.

Which statement best describes President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction?
Johnson’s plan angered Democrats in Congress.
Johnson’s plan was not as tough as Lincoln’s plan.
Johnson’s plan prohibited pardons for Confederates.
Johnson’s plan was similar to Lincoln’s plan, but stricter.

Johnson’s plan was similar to Lincoln’s plan, but stricter.

President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction frustrated many members of Congress because it
established laws that limited the rights of African Americans.
accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.
prevented leaders of the Confederacy from voting in elections.
forced Southern states to pay back money borrowed for the war.

accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.

Which statement best describes Jim Crow laws?
They restricted the rights of white citizens.
They prevented the spread of segregation.
They guaranteed the rights of African Americans.
They restricted the rights of African Americans.

They restricted the rights of African Americans.

In ideal situations, sharecropping gave African Americans in the South the opportunity to
set their own wages.
set their own financial goals.
break the cycle of debt.
break the cycle of dependence.

set their own financial goals.

To combat Reconstruction reforms, some Southerners organized
white supremacy groups.
the Freedmen’s Bureau.
a new Republican Party.
the civil rights movement.

white supremacy groups.

In the South during Reconstruction, the Civil Rights Act of 1875
was rarely enforced.
was strictly enforced.
was criticized by Republicans.
was upheld by the Supreme Court.

was rarely enforced.

Which statement best describes the system of sharecropping?
Sharecropping offered formerly enslaved people an equal opportunity to participate in the Southern economy.
Sharecropping gave formerly enslaved people the upper hand in the agricultural South.
Sharecropping offered Northerners an opportunity to relocate to the South and start their own farms.
Sharecropping gave white landowners the upper hand and economic dominance in Southern society.

Sharecropping gave white landowners the upper hand and economic dominance in Southern society.

One unintended effect of emancipation and Reconstruction on Southern society was
the improved bond between the races.
the prohibition of Jim Crow laws.
the rising tensions between the races.
the end of the sharecropping system.

the rising tensions between the races.

In the years after the Civil War, Southern society most valued
infrastructure.
government.
entrepreneurship.
land ownership.

land ownership.

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the tactics used by the Ku Klux Klan against African Americans usually involved
blocking employment contracts.
filing lawsuits against sharecroppers.
employing terror and intimidation.
writing letters to members of Congress.

employing terror and intimidation

Which group committed violence against African Americans in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
tenant farmers
white supremacists
white Republicans
Union troops

white supremacists

In the 1870s, the system of sharecropping failed to
reincorporate the South into the United States.
provide tenant farmers with any opportunities.
return abandoned land to its former owners.
stimulate and grow the Southern economy.

stimulate and grow the Southern economy.

What guaranteed equal access to public facilities regardless of race?
the Thirteenth Amendment
the Fifteenth Amendment
the 1875 Civil Rights Act
the Jim Crow laws

the 1875 Civil Rights Act

Which statement best describes a consequence of Reconstruction policies during the 1870s?
Reconstruction-era policies successfully restored the economy in the South and gave African Americans new opportunities.
Reconstruction-era policies often failed to protect African Americans from racial violence and safeguard their political rights.
Reconstruction-era policies created ironclad laws that prohibited legal segregation, although illegal segregation often occurred.
Reconstruction-era policies failed to establish any civil rights legislation, which would not be written until the 1960s.

Reconstruction-era policies often failed to protect African Americans from racial violence and safeguard their political rights

In the South during Reconstruction, the Civil Rights Act of 1875
was rarely enforced.
was strictly enforced.
was criticized by Republicans.
was upheld by the Supreme Court

was rarely enforced.

What did the Reconstruction Act of 1867 accomplish?
The act divided the South into five military districts.
The act set a punishment for certain social behaviors.
The act granted citizenship to anyone born in the US.
The act limited the employment of African Americans.

The act divided the South into five military districts.

Vagrancy laws in the 1860s applied to
the property that African Americans were allowed to rent or own.
people who moved from place to place without regular homes or work.
the role of the planter aristocracy in Southern state legislatures.
voter registration rights for newly freed African Americans in the South.

people who moved from place to place without regular homes or work.

Radical Republicans in Congress wanted to provide more rights for formerly enslaved people, so they
supported all of Johnson’s Reconstruction policies.
overturned several of President Johnson’s vetoes.
passed the Black Codes, which protected African Americans.
called for a new Republican candidate for president in 1866.

overturned several of President Johnson’s vetoes.

Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because they thought it was too
moderate.
conservative.
extreme.
unpopular.

moderate.

What was one reason Congress gave for wanting to remove President Johnson from office?
Johnson was violating the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
Johnson was abusing his presidential powers.
Johnson had failed to provide his own Reconstruction plan.
Johnson had created new Cabinet positions without approval.

Johnson was abusing his presidential powers.

Which statement best describes Southern military districts during Reconstruction?
Each state became a separate military district.
The South was divided into five different military districts.
Each district was governed by a member of Congress.
The districts all rejoined the Union at the same time.

The South was divided into five different military districts.

Under President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction, how could states be readmitted to the Union?
Twenty percent of a state’s white males had to swear loyalty.
States had to disenfranchise all former Confederate soldiers.
State conventions had to establish new governments.
States had to ratify all three Reconstruction amendments.

State conventions had to establish new governments.

Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because they thought it was too
moderate.
conservative.
extreme.
unpopular.

moderate.

Which statement best describes the Fourteenth Amendment?
It granted citizenship to all individuals living in the United States.
It enfranchised all male citizens and gave them the right to vote.
It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.
It allowed states to seize citizens’ property without due process of the law.

It prevented states from denying citizens equal protection under the law.

President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction frustrated many members of Congress because it
established laws that limited the rights of African Americans.
accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.
prevented leaders of the Confederacy from voting in elections.
forced Southern states to pay back money borrowed for the war.

accepted election results that returned Southern planters to power.

Which statement best describes President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction?
Johnson’s plan angered Democrats in Congress.
Johnson’s plan was not as tough as Lincoln’s plan.
Johnson’s plan prohibited pardons for Confederates.
Johnson’s plan was similar to Lincoln’s plan, but stricter.

Johnson’s plan was similar to Lincoln’s plan, but stricter.

Radical Republicans in Congress wanted to provide more rights for formerly enslaved people, so they
supported all of Johnson’s Reconstruction policies.
overturned several of President Johnson’s vetoes.
passed the Black Codes, which protected African Americans.
called for a new Republican candidate for president in 1866.

overturned several of President Johnson’s vetoes.

Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in 1867 to
change the approval process for appointees.
restrict President Johnson’s powers.
extend greater rights to African Americans.
limit the power of Southern politicians.

restrict President Johnson’s powers.

Which statement best describes the federal government’s response to racial violence in the South in the late 1800s?
The federal government kept the military in the South to stop racial violence until the expense became too great.
The federal government never sent troops to maintain order in the South in the years after the Civil War.
The federal government made the protection of African Americans in the South a top priority and maintained a military presence.
The federal government pulled out troops from the South at the end of Reconstruction, leaving African Americans unprotected.

The federal government pulled out troops from the South at the end of Reconstruction, leaving African Americans unprotected.

During Reconstruction in the South, poll taxes were used to
strengthen African American representation in government.
ensure that voters were qualified to participate in elections.
deny African American citizens participation in government.
prevent former Confederate officers from voting in elections.

deny African American citizens participation in government.

The Supreme Court ruling on the civil rights cases of 1883
led to the passage of legal protections for African Americans.
led to unfair contracts between tenant farmers and landowners.
opened the door for legal segregation and discrimination in the US.
gave African Americans a legal basis for suing private businesses.

opened the door for legal segregation and discrimination in the US.

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