Sociology ch 6

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The process by which people act and react in relation to others is called

Social interaction

Which of the following concepts defines a social position that a person holds

Status

At any given time you occupy a number of statuses. These statuses make up your

Status set

What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life

Ascribed status

Which concept refers to a social position that is assumed voluntarily and that reflects a significant measure of personal ability and effort

Achieved status

Which concept refers to a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life?

Master status

Julie is a police officer who finds that wherever she goes in her small town, people seem to think of her as a cop. Julie is experiencing the effects of

Master status

Anbar is an honors student. In sociological terms, being an honors students is an example of

Achieved status

Which item in the following list might serve as an achieved status?

Occupation

Sociologists use what concept to refer to behavior that people expect from someone who holds a particular status

Role

A role set refers to

A number of roles attached to a single status

What is the concept that refers to the conflict among roles corresponding to two or more statuses

Role conflict

Shawna is an excellent artist, but as a mother, she feels that she cannot work and devote enough time to her family. She is experiencing

Role conflict

which concept refers to the tension among roles connected to a single status?

Role strain

Which concept is involved when a surgeon chooses not to operate on her own son because the personal involvement of motherhood could impair her professional objectivity as a physician?

Role conflict

what is the term for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?

Role exit

which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact?

social construction of reality

Flirting is a playful way of seeing if someone is interested in you without risking outright rejection. From this point of view, flirting illustrates

the social construction of reality

the thomas theorem states that

situations defined as real are real in their consequences

twitter and facebook are examples of

social media

the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as

dramaturgical analysis

which sociologist developed the approach called dramaturgical analysis?

Erving Goffman

what does the term "presentation of self" mean?

efforts to create impressions in the minds of others

according to erving Goffman, we engage in a ______ when we use costumes, props, tone of voice, and gestures to convey information to others

performance

a _______ might be a prop in the classroom performance of a professor

lectern

Research suggests that

women "Read" men better than men "read" women

Nonverbal communication refers to

body movements, gestures, and facial expressions

An important element of nonverbal communication is

body language

The careful observer can notice clues indicating that someone is telling a lie. People give off these clues because

nonverbal communication is hard for most people to control

"personal space" refers to

the surrounding area over which an individual makes some claim to privacy

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