Sociology Ch. 3

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George Herbert Mead used the concept "the looking-glass self" to refer to significant people in our lives.
True or False

False

Which theory, developed by the psychologist John B. Watson, claims that human behavior is not instinctive but learned within a social environment?

Behaviorism

One contribution of schooling to the socialization process that teaches about rules and schedules is

exposing the child to a bureaucratic setting

Mead would agree that

if you won $100 million in a lottery, your self might change

Biological changes that accompany growing old include

All of these responses are correct

Lawrence Kohlberg claims that individuals develop the capacity for moral reasoning in stages as they grow older.
True or False

True

Applying Freud’s thinking to a sociological analysis of personality development, you would conclude that

humans have basic, self-centered drives that must be controlled by learning the ways of society.

In Freud’s model of personality, what represents the presence of culture within the individual?

superego

In Freud’s model of personality, the superego manages the opposing forces of the id and the ego.
True or False

False

According to Erving Goffman, the goal of a total institution is to

radically alter a person’s personality or behavior

George Herbert Mead considered self to be

the part of an individual’s personality that is composed of self-awareness and self-image

What effect did industrialization have on life expectancy in the U.S. and Western Europe?

Life expectancy went up

According to Piaget, in what stage of human development do individuals experience the world only through sensory contact?

sensorimotor stage

A cohort is a category of people who have something important in common, usually their age.
True or False

True

Erik H. Erikson’s view of socialization states that

personality develops over the entire life course in patterned stages

In Freud’s model of personality, which element of the personality represents a person’s efforts to balance the demands of society and innate pleasure-seeking drives?

ego

By "taking the role of the other" Mead had in mind

imagining a situation from another person’s point of view

Our basic drives or needs as humans are reflected in Freud’s concept of the

id

Total institutions operate with the goal of resocializing inmates.
True or False

True

The special importance of the peer group is the fact that it

lets children escape the direct supervision of parents

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