sociology #5

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religion involves

beliefs and practices concerning what is sacred

things are profane when we understand them

in terms of their everyday usefulness


formal, ceremonial behavior

faith is a way of knowing based on

conviction or belief in things unseen

sociological analysis of religion is concerned with

understanding patterns of religious activity and their effect on society

NOT a function of religion for society

fostering social conflict

guided by the symbolic interaction approach sociologists examine

all of the above

an analysis of how religion supports the interests of societys elites would fall under which of the following theoretical approaches

social conflict approach

what do the sacred texts of christianity judaism and islam have in common?

support for patriarchy

in his analysis of protestantism and the rise of capitalism max weber stated that protestantism

stressed duty and hard work boosting economic production and fostering the rise of capitalism

supporters of liberation theology hope that this social movement will achieve which of the following goals?

reducing social inequality and especailly poverty

a religious organization that is well integrated into the larger society is called a


the roman catholic church has existed in various forms including as a

state church

in the us the amish would be an example of a


religious organization that is largely outside a society’s cultural tradictions


which religious organization began as a cult

all of the above

animism is the belief that

everything in the world is a conscious living force that is able to affect us

christianity is one example of which of the following types of religions


polytheism refers to

belief in many gods

in the us muslim population includes which of the following?

all of the above

the worlds largest concentration of jews is found in

north america

the oldest of the world religions discussed in the text


confucianism is closely linked to the tradictional culture of


compared to eastern religions, western religions

operate more ethical codes of conduct

in the us a majority of people claim to be


in the us……. are more religious than…….

all of the above

secularization refers to which of the following

the historical decline in the importance of the sacred

correct example of civil religion

singing patriotic song on the fourth of july

NOT a trait of religious fundamentalism

accepting religious pluralism

which of the following nations stands out as the most religious of all the high income countries

united states

education is the social institution by which society provides people with important knowledge including

all of the above

if you were to enter a school in ancient greece or china

the rich

about what share of children reach the secondary grades in school

two thirds

the major reason that schooling is limited in lower income nations is that

many poor children must work for income

what continent do we find the most countries with high rates of illiteracy


what point in us history had a majority of adults earned a high school diploma

the mid 1960s

in the us today what percentage of people over the age of twenty five have earned a four year college degree

29 percent

in the us the focus of education has always been

what is practical and job related

latent function of schooling

providing child care

social conflict analysis suggest that schooling in the us developed in the late nineteenth century because that was the time that

factory owners needed an obedient and disciplined workforce

result of tracking in schools

the students who get the best schooling are usually those who are more privilaged to begin with

as income goes up among us families we find that

the share of children going to college goes up

community colleges

all of the above

rigid bureaucracy harms schooling by

all of the above

for the us as a whole what percentage of people between ages 16 and 24 drop out before completing high school

8.7 percent

which categoris of us population has the highest dropout rate


the problem of functional illiteracy means that

many young people leave school without having learned basic skills

to improve us schooling a nation at risk recommended

all of the above

most grades given are


magnet schools encourage

students to specialize in specific areas of study

charter schools are

public schools that have the freedom to try new programs and policies

practice of including people with disabilites in regular educational classes and programs


public schools have been losing teachers in recent years because of

all of the above

a general lesson of sociological research is that

we cannot expect schools by themselves to improve the quality of education

the high rates of obesity in the us refelcts

all of the above

approximately what share of us adults is overweight

two thirds

society shapes human health because

all of the above

about how many of the worlds peole suffer from serious illness caused by poverty

1 billion

if you were to visit a low income nation to study its high death rates what would you suspect to be the most common causes of death

infectious disease

poor health in low income nations reflects

all of the above

in poor nations around the world about what share of all children die before they reach their first birthday

10 percent

during the early decades of the industrial revolution

all of the above

which of the following deseases is the biggest killer in todays high income nations

heart disease

after industrial revolution there was a increase in the share of deaths caused by whicgh of the following types of diseases

chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer

social epidemiology is the study of

the distribution of health and illness in a population

which of the following factors has a strong link to life expectancy

all of the above

correct about the health in the us

all of the above

what categories of the us population has the highest life expectancy

white women

the greatest prventable cause of death in the us is

cigarette smoking

what is the death toll in the us each year caused by diseases related to obesity

300,000 people

which of the following is a factor contributting to widespread obesity in us society

all of the above

which sexually transmitted disease infects 50 million us adults

genital herpes

an exception to the general decline of infectious diseases in the us is the increase in…… after 1960

sexually transmitted diseases

which of the following world regions is experiencing the most severe epidemic of AIDS

sub saharan africa

upon infection people with HIV

display no symptoms at all

which of the following statements is true

all of the above

is it correct to say that the medical establishment in the us is oriented towards which of the following

scientific medicine

holistic medicine asserts that

patients should rely on themselves not just physicians to ensure their health

which country relies the most onn a direct fee market system to pay for medical treatment

the us

socialized medicine

a medical system mostly owned and operated by the government

talcott parsons claimed that society responds to illness by

using the sick role to relieve ill poeple of many daily responsibilities

a criticism of talcott parsons approach to health and medicine is that it

all of the above

the topic psychosomatic disorders is of greatest interest to sociologists guided by which theoretical approach

the symbolic interaction approach

from a social conflict point of view capitalism fails to support human health because

it makes quality of care dependent on income

demography is the study of

human population

fertility refers to

the incidence of childbearing in a nations population

the maximum possible childbearing for women


the number of live births in a given year for every thousand people in a population

crude birth rate

has the highest birth rate and the highest infant mortality rate


the crude birth rate of high income nations such as the us is

below average

country with lowest infant mortality rate


in us the region of the country most often left behind is


NOT true about migration

migration has little or no effect on population size

why are sex ratios usually below 100

because women typically outlive men

through most of human history families had many children because

all of the above

when did the worlds population reach 1 billion


how much did the worlds population increase during the twentieth century

it quadrupled

how much of the global population increase is taking place in low income nations

96 percent

basic idea behind demographic transition theory

population patterns reflect a societys level of technological development

in the preindustrial stage of economic development population

increase very slowly with a high birth rate offset by a high death rate

which of the following nations would you expect to be most concerned about declining population

high income country such as japan

in low income countries increasing opportunites available to women is likely to

all of the above

about how long ago in history did the fist cities emerge

10,000 years ago

with the industrial revolution how did the physical design of cities change

all of the above

in what year was half the us population living in urban places for the first time


aobut when did urban centralization reach its peak in the us


urban decentralization has led to

all of the above

comparing sunbelt to snowbelt

sunbelt citites have larger populations and are larger in physical size


a vast urban region containing many cities and suburbs

type of social organization in which popele come together only on the basis of individual self interest


rural societies are held together by…….. modern urban societies are held together by…….

likeness; difference

a third urban revolution is now taking place in

low income nations

the study of the interaction of living organisms and the natural environment


environmental dificit

long term harm to the environment caused by a short sighted focus on material affluence

the optimistic approach to environmental issues that claims science can promote progress and solve environmental problems

the logic of growth

expresses the limits to growth thesis

we are rapidly consuming the earths finite resources

the us can be described as

a disposable society

accounts for the most water use in the world today


evidence of the shortage of fresh water now found around the world

all of the above

why is the gradual loss of the worlds rain forests an important environmental concern

rainforests are vital to maintaining the planets biodiversity and climate

mounting evidence suggests that the average temperature of the planet is


the en ironmental racism thesis falls within which theoretical approach

the social conflict approach

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