Skills Lesson- The Elements of Argument

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Which of the following choices is a sound argument?

Jane Austen is an author. Stephen King is an author. Therefore, I want to be an author.

All turtles are reptiles. The snake is not a turtle. Therefore, the snake is not a reptile.

All teachers wear vests. Mr. Gonzales does not wear a vest. Therefore, Mr. Gonzales is not a teacher.

Immortal human beings live forever. Benjamin Franklin died. Therefore, Benjamin Franklin is immortal.

All teachers wear vests. Mr. Gonzales does not wear a vest. Therefore, Mr. Gonzales is not a teacher.

Arguments consist of __________, which are statements that are either true or false.

logic

false premises

sounds

propositions

propositions

Every argument has a(n) __________.

fallacy

supporter

essay

counterargument

counterargument

Every argument should appeal to __________.

ethos, logos, and pathos

mainstream beliefs

fallacious logic

extreme perspectives

ethos, logos, and pathos

How can you tell if an argument is valid?

Valid arguments are always sound.

The premises lead logically to the conclusion.

Valid arguments are never sound.

There are two premises and a conclusion

The premises lead logically to the conclusion.

Every inductive argument is __________.

based on rules, definitions, and principles

a comparison of two sets of events, ideas, and things

either invalid or unsound

either valid or sound

a comparison of two sets of events, ideas, and things

What does it mean to rebut something?

to strike with enough force to break an object

to oppose using evidence or an argument

to use an aggressive and intimidating tone

to allow an opponent to win an argument

to oppose using evidence or an argument

Which statement is a proposition?

She set sail on Tuesday.

Why are you late?

Good afternoon!

What happened to my sandwich?

She set sail on Tuesday.

When should you concede to a counterargument?

when your audience believes the counterargument

when it’s a controversial subject and you want to avoid hurt feelings

when you discover that the counterargument is a logical fallacy

when the counterargument has a relevant point

when the counterargument has a relevant point

Why is it important to be objective and fair when stating the opposition’s views?

The opposition will sue you for slander.

You might join the opposition one day.

It builds ethos with the audience.

It’s not important because an insulting tone is best.

It builds ethos with the audience.

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