Safety and Environmental Health- First Aid

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Which of the following is NOT a necessary first aid procedure for treating cuts?

A. calling for emergency assistance

Which of the following procedures for providing first aid for severe bleeding is NOT correct?

A. The victim should sit upright.

How can knowing common first aid skills help prevent infection and facilitate the healing process?

Skills such as applying bandages and antibiotic ointment are important not only at the time of injury but also afterwards during the recovery process. Knowing the proper procedure for cleaning and dressing a wound can help prevent infections during the recovery process, which aids healing. Knowledge of first aid also helps an individual know what actions and behaviors are more and less conducive to recovering from an injury.

Why is the first step in responding to life-threatening situations to assess the situation?

Before initiating first aid, the provider needs to assess the situation. If the environment is hazardous, steps may need to be taken before first aid may commence. Effective first aid will not be possible, if either the provider or the victim is in danger of further injury. Only after ensuring that first aid can be provided safely should care actually be provided.

Burns are classified into four different groups.


Compare and contrast the three different classifications of burns.

First-degree burns are the most minor burns, such as mild sunburns and scalding by hot but not boiling water. They redden the skin and cause a small amount of pain. Second-degree burns are more severe than first-degree burns and are typified by blisters and increased pain. Third-degree burns are the most severe and result in a large loss of skin and damage to the nerves in the skin, which actually can make them less painful than second-degree burns despite being far more damaging.

First aid is important because it __________.

D. all of the above

Which of the following would you NOT expect to find in a standard first aid kit?

D. neck splints

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a first aid technique for individuals in cardiac arrest that involves __________.

B. rescue breathing and chest compressions

How can providing first aid care be hazardous for the person providing the assistance?

Providing first aid can be hazardous to the provider if the accident victim is infected with a communicable disease. Many body fluids, such as blood and lymph, can serve as vectors for disease transmission. If a first aid responder come into direct contact with body fluids while providing aid, they may be at risk. In addition, if the environmental conditions that led to the accident in the first place still exist, then the responder may be in the same danger for injury as the person being assisted.

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