Review Ch.#16

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An osteopath (D.O) does not complete the same level of training as a physician who is an M.D.


Chiropractic medicine is based on the idea that

energy flows through the spine via nerves, and if the spine is not properly aligned the energy is disrupted.

If an insurance policy covers 90 percent of your total medical bills, the remaining 10 percent that you must pay is your

coinsurance amount.

All of the following statements are true about traditional Western medical practice EXCEPT

all treatments have had the benefit of extensive clinical trials.

Before considering an alternative medical treatment, a wise consumer will do all of the following EXCEPT

take practitioners’ claims at face value.

A woman has experienced multiple symptoms, including fatigue and depression, for which her doctor has not been of much help. She decides to participate in a native tribal ceremony that involves a shaman holding his hands just above her body. Within days of the ceremony, her symptoms have improved. This treatment method is an example of

therapeutic or healing touch.

Which supplement is said to be useful as a laxative and may have some effect in lowering cholesterol?


Ayurveda refers to

you will be responsible for paying an additional 30% of the costs associated with treatment by an out-of-network provider.

In a clinical trial for a new pain medication, Hayden was given an inactive substance instead of an actual drug. After taking it, however, his headache improved. This resulted from the

placebo effect.

Prior to taking an herbal supplement that claims to increase muscle mass, Jermaine should consult all the following EXCEPT

his personal trainer at the gym.

Which form of energy medicine is derived from the Japanese words representing "universal" and "vital energy"?


Taking responsibility for your health care includes all of the following EXCEPT

using over-the-counter medications to treat a sudden, serious illness.

Drugs that can be purchased without a prescription as part of self-care are

over-the-counter drugs.

All patients have the legal right to refuse or cease treatment.


Due to the differences in training, an osteopathic physician would probably have more experience dealing with which condition than a medical doctor?

Low back pain

What do preferred provider organizations (PPOs) and point of service (POS) plans have in common?

Both allow patients to seek outside care but require patients to pay the extra cost.

Communication with health care providers can be improved by all of the following EXCEPT

relying on your health care provider for all information on health care iss

Before receiving any care, patients must be made aware of the treatment plan and any potential risks involved. This is known as the right

of informed consent.

An optometrist

performs eye exams and prescribes and fits lenses.

You should consult a physician

to treat a reaction to an insect bite.

College and university health insurance plans for students usually

are short-term, noncatastrophic plans with limited benefits.

A set fee that an insurance plan requires that patients pay at the time of service (per office visit or prescription) is the


Although you study for hours, your memory seems to fail you when taking an exam. To improve your memory, you are considering trying

ginkgo biloba.

The majority of health care dollars in the United States are spent on

government administration.

An optometrist holds a medical degree and can perform eye surgery.


All of the following are true about dietary supplements EXCEPT

they are fully regulated and safe to consume.

they are fully regulated and safe to consume.

breast cancer.

Which scientific field studies interrelationships among behavioral, neural, endocrine, and immune processes?


Most private health insurance plans require the patient to a pay a certain amount each year toward health care expenses before the plan benefits begin; this amount is the


All of the following are provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) EXCEPT

coverage for young adults on a parent’s plan through age 30.

Which type of health insurance plan involves a contracted provider network and a focus on preventive care and cost control?

Managed care

Your mom’s doctor works at a hospital accredited by the Joint Commission. This type of accreditation indicates that

all practitioner education, licensing, and training qualifications have been verified

You should seek expert medical care if you experience any of the following EXCEPT

symptoms of the flu.

The legal term for improper or negligent treatment of a patient by a health care provider that results in loss or harm to the patient is


The CAM therapy that Americans have come to rely on heavily for treatment of musculoskeletal problems and that many insurance companies will now cover is

chiropractic medicine.

A Japanese massage technique based on applying pressure to specified points on the body to help with the flow of vital energy is


Concerns about HMOs include all of the following EXCEPT

the high cost of copayments.

The primary care practitioner in your school’s health clinic has a master’s degree and is authorized to perform exams, conduct diagnostic tests, and in some states may also prescribe medications. He is a

nurse practitioner.

In Ayurvedic medicine, patients are diagnosed according to vital energies, which determine the treatments that are likely to work best. These vital energies are known as


Which of the following is TRUE with respect to health care spending accounts (FSAs or HSAs)?

They allow people to save money tax-free for health care costs.

Categories established by the federal government to determine how much a hospital will be reimbursed for the care of a patient with a particular condition or multiple conditions are

diagnosis-related groups.

Which of the following supplements can cause liver damage?


People who have been successfully treated with acupuncture report that they have a(n)

reduced reliance on prescription drugs.

Cost sharing is one of the mechanisms private health care insurers use to help patients afford coverage.


If you have moved to a new town and want to find a physician you can see for annual wellness exams and the treatment of routine ailments, you are seeking a(n)

primary care practitioner.

Originally health insurance only covered major medical expenses. What effect did this type of coverage have on the medical system?

It prevented minor medical problems from becoming chronic illnesses.

A person who administers minute doses of natural substances to cure ailments is which type of CAM practitioner?


All of the following are true with respect to generic drugs EXCEPT they

have the same inactive ingredients as their brand name counterpart.

In traditional Chinese medicine, the vital energy force that courses through the body is


All of the following are true of herbal remedies EXCEPT

they cannot harm humans because they are in a natural plant form.

The 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) was designed to do all of the following EXCEPT

deny health care coverage to those with preexisting conditions.

In 2013, what percentage of the American public had no health insurance?

15 percent

All physicians must accept Medicare patients.


Self-care involves all of the following EXCEPT

avoiding medication and taking a "tough it out" approach to illness.

Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), a person can be denied health coverage for a preexisting condition.


You have a history of back problems and found out that your new health insurance plan will not cover any treatment related to your back problems until the policy has been in effect for 12 months. Your back problem is considered a(n)

preexisting condition

Foods that provide a specific health benefit beyond basic nutrition are known as functional foods or


The placebo effect is the disappearance of symptoms without any apparent reason or treatment.


Regular self-care should include performing monthly breast and testicular self-examinations.


The use of dietary products for therapeutic purposes is

one of the most controversial domains of CAM practice.

According to studies in psychoneuroimmunology, which of the following would be most effective for improving a person’s immunity?

Practicing relaxation and stress-management techniques

Allopathic medicine is based on scientifically validated methods and procedures.


Sunflower seeds, oat fiber, ginger, and garlic are examples of

functional foods.

Health insurance is based on the idea that policyholders pay affordable premiums so they never have to face catastrophic medical bills.


A CAM therapy that is a manipulative practice used for relaxation, stress relief, pain management, and injury recovery is


You are concerned about the ever-increasing costs of health care, so you try to do all of the following EXCEPT

use the emergency room for your routine health care.

A 70-year-old retired person would be eligible for health insurance coverage through


The ACA is intended to improve the quality of health care by emphasizing

preventative care

Traditional Chinese medicine is an example of

an alternative medical system.

Capitation refers to

payment of a fixed monthly amount to a health-care provider per enrolled patient, regardless of the type or number of services provided.

When choosing a health care provider, you should examine all of the following EXCEPT

their membership in local organizations such as country clubs or service clubs.

The health insurance program jointly funded by the states and the federal government that provides coverage for low-income individuals and families is


Which term describes a type of medical practice that combines conventional medicine with CAM therapies?


Which of the following statements is NOT true about costs in the U.S. health care system?

New technologies are lowering costs.

You are seeking to balance your body, mind, and spirit and restore your body’s harmony through diet, exercise, herbs, and controlled breathing. Your plan is to consult with a practitioner of

Ayurvedic medicine.

Over-the-counter drugs are commonly used for all of the following EXCEPT


Most acupuncture practitioners

are state licensed and regulated.

A payment made to an insurance company, usually on a monthly basis, to cover the cost of an insurance policy is the


Requesting an x-ray when it is unnecessary but the patient demands it would be considered defensive medicine.


Treating a minor health problem yourself without seeking professional help is


The federally funded health insurance program that covers 99 percent of the U.S. population age 65 and older is


Conventional Western medical practice is known as

allopathic medicine.

A patient is entitled to have access to all of his or her medical records.


Which of the following symptoms probably does NOT warrant professional medical advice?

You develop a low-grade fever and sore throat

How much of total U.S. health spending is currently funded by the federal government?


Self-care can be used to

conduct monthly self-exams.

Which term describes treatments that are outside the realm of traditional Western medicine but are used in conjunction with conventional treatments?


One of the advantages of a single-payer health care system is

rationed health care services.

Your father was laid off six months ago but recently started a new job. He was able to keep his health insurance during the transition through


Which of the following practices is considered a mind-body technique?


The primary difference between a board certified and board eligible physician is that a board

certified physician has demonstrated competency in a given specialty.

The waiting period on a private insurance policy is the time a patient must wait to

get coverage for a preexisting condition.

A form of traditional Chinese medicine that involves the insertion of fine needles at specific points along the body’s energy channels is


Movement therapies include all of the following EXCEPT


Which of the following health professionals is least likely to be a primary health care provider?


Managed care is based on

coordination of health care

The term defensive medicine refers to actions taken to

avoid malpractice claims.

Naturopathy refers to a

practice based on restoring the body’s innate ability to heal itself.

Physician assistants

can provide treatment and write prescriptions when supervised by a physician

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