Quiz 12

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Modern humans have

both b. and c.

Analyses of modern human genetic variation indicate that Homo sapiens may have evolved approximately

200,00 yBP

Traits of anatomically modern humans include

a robust build of the post cranial skeleton

Anatomically modern human fossils were discovered in the European Upper Paleolithic site of

Atapuerca, Spain

The Denisova fossils likely

looked very much like Neandertals

The best fossil evidence to suggest that Neandertals could produce a language like that of modern humans comes from which bone(s) collected at Kebara, Israel

the mandible

Compared to modern Homo Sapiens, archaic Homo Sapiens have

both b. and c.

The discovery of modern/archaic hybrid fossils supports which model of modern human origins

multiregional continuity

All fossils of archaic Homo sapiens and earlier Homo erectus show

both a. and b.

The Herto skulls from Ethiopia

have a combination of archaic and modern features

According to John Relethford, the most likely reasons for modern humans to have migrated out of Africa during the late Pleistocene include

both b. and c.

Early Native Americans used which distinctive fluted spear points to hunt large-bodied Ice Age mammals

Mousterian points

The morphology of the Paleoindian skull from Kennewick indicates that it

represents an early Eskimo population

Allen’s and Bermann’s rules are perfect examples of natural selection working to bring about anatomical adaptations to environments in mammals. These include

all of the above

Sub-Saharan Africans show the largest genetic diversity of any human population. This is likely to have resulted from

the group’s small breeding population, maintaining genetic diversity

The most distinctive traits about the cold adaptation complex of Neanderthals are

the body and the length of the arms and legs

Broken Hill, Dali, and Atapuerca are sites where specimens of _________ have been discovered

arachaic Homo sapiens

Archaic Homo sapiens

occurs only in Europe and Asia

The last Neandertals date to

32,000 yBP

The Multiregiional Continuity hypothesis supposes that

modern Homo sapiens first evolved in Africa and then spread to Asia and Europe, replacing archaic Homo sapiens populations

In Atapuerca 5, early archaic Homo sapiens and Neandertal specimens show heavy wear on the incisors and canines, indicating

their use for shaping the cutting edges of stone blades

The European archeological period that is marked by a great increase in technology and various kinds of art starting about 35,000 uBP is called the

Upper Paleolithic period

The Middle Paleolithic prepared-core stone tools that are associated with Neandertals are called


Painted perforated shells are evidence that Neandertals

both b. and c.

The Homo floresiensis specimen

is the result of genetic drift

A distinctive trait of people from East Asia and the Americas is

shovel-shaped incisors

A hominid fossil that has a long, low skill, front projecting face and rear projecting occipital bone, and large nasal aperture is likely

to be classified as having archaic characteristics

The transition to fully modern Homo sapiens was completed globally by about

25,000 yBP

The out-of-Africa model explains

a single origin of modern people and eventual replacement of archaic Homo sapiens

According to Joe Alper ("Rethinking Neandertals"), which of the following do the Neandertals not share with the earlier human species, Homo erectus

smaller brain size than that of modern humans

According to "Rethinking Neandertals," when the glaciers moved in and edible plants became scarcer, the Neandertals

relied more heavily on large, hoofed animals for food

As reported in "New View of the Birth of Humanity" with respect to the "replacement model" vs. the "multi regional model" for the origins of modern humans, new DNA analyses indicate that

archaic and modern humans bred together at a low level of admixture

As reported by Ann Gibbons, in which of the following populations has there been found some genetic relationship to Neandertals

1-4% of genes in all humans outside of sub-Saharan Africa

According to Jill Neimark, which of the following represents a consensus regarding Flor? She was

most likely a normal, no-diseased human, albeit one with a very unusual form

As reported in "Meet Our New Human Family", the biggest "shock" regarding Flow has to do with her

small brain, given the sophistication of the associated tools

According to Jill Neimark in "Meet the New Human Family" anthropologists today view the human lineage as

a thickly branched bush comprised of many hominins each adapted to its own time and place

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