Psychological Therapy

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1. A therapist who uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic methods is said to be

eclectic

3. Classical psychoanalysts were especially interested in

d. interpreting the meaning of clients’ resistance to therapeutic procedures.

2. While focusing on several intrusive thoughts that had been bothering her recently, Jenny was instructed by her therapist to report any ideas or memories stimulated by these thoughts. Jenny’s therapist was making use of a technique known as

free association

4. Who emphasized the importance of active listening in the process of psychotherapy?

carl rogers

5. A therapist helps Rebecca overcome her fear of water by getting her to swim in the family’s backyard pool three times a day for two consecutive weeks. The therapist’s approach to helping Rebecca best illustrates

exposure therapy

6. Systematic desensitization is a form of

exposure therapy

7. In a home for troubled youth, adolescents receive large colored buttons when they hang up their clothes, make their beds, and come to meals on time. The adolescents return the buttons to staff members to receive bedtime snacks or watch TV. This best illustrates an application of

c. operant conditioning.

8. Cognitive therapists are most likely to

c. emphasize the importance of clients’ personal interpretations of life events.

9. Nancy’s therapist encourages her to think about her strengths rather than her weaknesses and to develop a habit of thanking others when they compliment her or provide emotional support. The therapist’s approach best illustrates

cognitive-behavior therapy

10. When people’s symptoms of psychological distress are at their worst, whatever they do to try to alleviate the condition is likely to be followed by improvement rather than further deterioration. This is best explained in terms of

regression toward the mean

11. Which of the following is LEAST likely to be used for the treatment of depression?

EMDR

12. Because she mistakenly believes that the herbal remedy she is using will help her lose weight, Mrs. Redding is feeling a considerable reduction in her appetite. This best illustrates

c. the placebo effect.

13. The double-blind technique is most likely to be used in evaluating the effectiveness of

drug therapies

14. Tardive dykinesia is associated with the long-term use of certain ________ drugs.

antipsychotic

15. Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium?

c. Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement

1. During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates

c. resistance.

2. Who emphasized the importance of transference in the therapeutic process?

sigmund freud

3. Client-centered therapists emphasize the importance of

b. enabling clients to feel unconditionally accepted.

4. To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist’s technique best illustrates

d. systematic desensitization.

5. To help Janet overcome her nearly irresistible craving for chocolate, a therapist provides her with a supply of chocolate candies that contain solidified droplets of a harmless but very bitter-tasting substance. This approach to treatment best illustrates

c. aversive conditioning.

6. The goal of stress inoculation training is to reduce incapacitating anxiety by encouraging people to say positive things to themselves during anxiety-producing situations. This best illustrates a form of

cognitive therapy

7. Many physicians did not realize that bleeding was an ineffective treatment for typhoid fever until researchers made effective use of

a control group

8. Which of the following factors is NOT a therapeutically effective component of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing?

b. rapidly moving one’s eyes

9. The most effective psychotherapists are those who

c. establish an empathic, caring relationship with their clients.

10. Which of the following drugs is most likely to provide schizophrenia patients with some relief from their auditory hallucinations and paranoia?

thorazine

11. Which of the following is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor?

prozac

12. Patients receive a general anesthetic and muscle relaxant prior to treatment with

ECT

13. If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known as

psychosurgery

14. Considering the greatest range of factors that may contribute to the process of healing is most clearly facilitated by a ________ approach to therapy.

biopsychosocial

15. Identifying and eliminating the socially stressful conditions that contribute to psychological disorders is of most central interest to the advocates of

preventative mental health

Which kind of therapist is most likely to analyze a client’s dreams?

D. psychoanalytic

Coretta’s therapist says little during their sessions and never makes any recommendations about what Coretta ought to do. What kind of therapy does Coretta’s therapist most likely practice?

E. humanistic

According to psychoanalysts, Craig is experiencing

B. symptom substitution

Systematic desensitization is to in vivo desensitization as

D. implosive therapy is to flooding

Which of the following statements would a strictly cognitive therapist be most likely to say?

C. "That’s ridiculous; no one is completely worthless"

Which process involves counterconditioning?

E. systematic desensitization

Which of the following is used as a somatic therapy for depression?

A. MAO inhibitors

All of the following methods of treatment are or may be based on classical conditioning principles EXCEPT

A. token economy

When she confesses her feelings, Dr. Chin is likely to tell Maria that she is experiencing

B. transference

Then the assistant pretends to be Jeb’s boss, and Jeb practice asking for a raise. This process most closely resembles

C. modeling

One difference between psychoanalytic and cognitive modes of treatment is that cognitive therapists

C. focus on the present

which method of therapy is most eclectic

A. psychodynamic

schizophrenia is most likely to be treated with

D. haldol

a common side effect of ECT is

B. memory loss

An unanticipated result of the deinstitutionalization movement was a

A. increase in the homeless population

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